EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > N - Coastal habitats > N2 - Coastal shingle > N22 - Mediterranean and Black Sea coastal shingle beach

Mediterranean and Black Sea coastal shingle beach

Description (English)

Shingle and cobble beaches formed on dynamic coasts around the Mediterranean and Black Seas, where waves, mostly in winter, weather cliffs and redeposit the eroded material. Mixed with shells and decaying algae and sea grass washed ashore, it provides a nitrogen-rich surface for patchy and sporadic colonisation by annuals and some perennials, also sometimes weedy assemblages. Though widespread, its stands are narrow and localised and highly vulnerable to tourist recreation and coastal development.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code N22
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Crithmum maritimum
Flowering Plants Pancratium maritimum
Flowering Plants Elytrigia juncea
Flowering Plants Matthiola tricuspidata
Flowering Plants Eryngium maritimum
Flowering Plants Sporobolus pungens
Flowering Plants Glaucium flavum
Flowering Plants Silene sericea
Flowering Plants Limonium dufourei
Flowering Plants Matthiola sinuata
Flowering Plants Anthemis maritima
Flowering Plants Limonium virgatum
Flowering Plants Medicago marina
Flowering Plants Lotus cytisoides
Flowering Plants Anchusa crispa

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Crithmum maritimum Flowering Plants
Pancratium maritimum Flowering Plants
Elytrigia juncea Flowering Plants
Matthiola tricuspidata Flowering Plants
Eryngium maritimum Flowering Plants
Sporobolus pungens Flowering Plants
Glaucium flavum Flowering Plants
Silene sericea Flowering Plants
Limonium dufourei Flowering Plants
Matthiola sinuata Flowering Plants
Anthemis maritima Flowering Plants
Limonium virgatum Flowering Plants
Medicago marina Flowering Plants
Lotus cytisoides Flowering Plants
Anchusa crispa Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Crithmum maritimum
Flowering Plants Elytrigia juncea
Flowering Plants Pancratium maritimum
Flowering Plants Eryngium maritimum
Flowering Plants Sporobolus pungens
Flowering Plants Matthiola tricuspidata
Flowering Plants Glaucium flavum
Flowering Plants Salsola kali
Flowering Plants Medicago marina
Flowering Plants Lotus cytisoides
Flowering Plants Helichrysum italicum
Flowering Plants Silene sericea
Flowering Plants Reichardia picroides
Flowering Plants Matthiola sinuata
Flowering Plants Frankenia laevis
Flowering Plants Calystegia soldanella
Flowering Plants Cakile maritima
Flowering Plants Anthemis maritima
Flowering Plants Ammophila arenaria

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Crithmum maritimum Flowering Plants
Elytrigia juncea Flowering Plants
Pancratium maritimum Flowering Plants
Eryngium maritimum Flowering Plants
Sporobolus pungens Flowering Plants
Matthiola tricuspidata Flowering Plants
Glaucium flavum Flowering Plants
Salsola kali Flowering Plants
Medicago marina Flowering Plants
Lotus cytisoides Flowering Plants
Helichrysum italicum Flowering Plants
Silene sericea Flowering Plants
Reichardia picroides Flowering Plants
Matthiola sinuata Flowering Plants
Frankenia laevis Flowering Plants
Calystegia soldanella Flowering Plants
Cakile maritima Flowering Plants
Anthemis maritima Flowering Plants
Ammophila arenaria Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Crithmum maritimum
Flowering Plants Elytrigia juncea
Flowering Plants Matthiola tricuspidata
Flowering Plants Sporobolus pungens

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Crithmum maritimum Flowering Plants
Elytrigia juncea Flowering Plants
Matthiola tricuspidata Flowering Plants
Sporobolus pungens Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with herbaceous vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B2.1 Shingle beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with herbaceous vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with herbaceous vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with herbaceous vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with grassy or heathy vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B6.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with grassy or heathy vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B6.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B6.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B6.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 17.4 Gravel bank heaths and grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 17.3 Sea kale communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 17.2 Shingle beach drift lines same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 17.1 Unvegetated shingle beaches same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 17.4 Gravel bank heaths and grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 17.3 Sea kale communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 17.2 Shingle beach drift lines same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 17.1 Unvegetated shingle beaches same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 17.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 17.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 17.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 17.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 17.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 17.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 17.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 17.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 17.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 17.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 17.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 17.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 17.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 17.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 17.3   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100