Sabellaria spinulosa with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock

English name: Sabellaria spinulosa with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code A3.2145
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (A3)

Description (English)

Laminaria hyperborea kelp forest on shallow infralittoral bedrock and boulders characterised by encrustations of Sabellaria spinulosa tubes which cover much of the rock, together with sand-tolerant red seaweeds such as Phyllophora pseudoceranoides, Dilsea carnosa and Polysiphonia elongata and Polysiphonia fucoides. Red seaweeds such as Plocamium cartilagineum and Delesseria sanguinea may also be found beneath the kelp canopy, although typically low in abundance. They can be colonised by the ascidian Botryllus schlosseri. The cowrie Trivia arctica can also be found here. Much of the available rock is covered with encrusting coralline algae together with patches of the encrusting sponge Halichondria panicea and the anthozoan Urticina felina. More mobile fauna include the echinoderms Asterias rubens, Henricia sanguinolenta, Echinus esculentus, and Ophiothrix fragilis, the gastropod Gibbula cineraria and the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus. The scouring effect of mobile sand adjacent to the rock maintains a reduced underflora and fauna compared to the association of species found in non-scoured kelp forests (unit A3.2141). Scour-resistant fauna such as the barnacle Balanus crenatus can be locally abundant on the rock, while the bivalve Pododesmus patelliformis can be found seeking shelter underneath the cobbles. Above the effect of scour, kelp stipes may be densely colonised by red seaweeds such as Phycodrys rubens, Palmaria palmata and Membranoptera alata, together with some sponges and ascidians.
Situation: This biotope is found in the sand-laden waters of north-east England in conditions in which S. spinulosa is able to thrive. Nearby circalittoral rock is often also dominated by S. spinulosa (unit A4.221) but lacks the kelp and red seaweeds. As this biotope is not commonly recorded in the UK there is a scarcity of information relating to the surrounding biotopes.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Algae Delesseria sanguinea
Algae Dilsea carnosa
Algae Laminaria hyperborea
Algae Membranoptera alata
Algae Palmaria palmata
Algae Phycodrys rubens
Algae Plocamium cartilagineum
Algae Polysiphonia elongata
Algae Polysiphonia fucoides
Invertebrates Asterias rubens
Invertebrates Balanus crenatus
Invertebrates Botryllus schlosseri
Invertebrates Echinus esculentus
Invertebrates Gibbula cineraria
Invertebrates Halichondria panicea
Invertebrates Henricia sanguinolenta
Invertebrates Ophiothrix fragilis
Invertebrates Pagurus bernhardus
Invertebrates Pododesmus patelliformis
Invertebrates Sabellaria spinulosa
Invertebrates Trivia arctica
Invertebrates Urticina felina
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Delesseria sanguinea Algae
Dilsea carnosa Algae
Laminaria hyperborea Algae
Membranoptera alata Algae
Palmaria palmata Algae
Phycodrys rubens Algae
Plocamium cartilagineum Algae
Polysiphonia elongata Algae
Polysiphonia fucoides Algae
Asterias rubens Invertebrates
Balanus crenatus Invertebrates
Botryllus schlosseri Invertebrates
Echinus esculentus Invertebrates
Gibbula cineraria Invertebrates
Halichondria panicea Invertebrates
Henricia sanguinolenta Invertebrates
Ophiothrix fragilis Invertebrates
Pagurus bernhardus Invertebrates
Pododesmus patelliformis Invertebrates
Sabellaria spinulosa Invertebrates
Trivia arctica Invertebrates
Urticina felina Invertebrates

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Marine Habitat Classification Britain/Ireland 0405 IR.MIR.KR.Lhyp.Sab <I>Sabellaria spinulosa</I> with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock source
CORINE Land Cover 5.2.3. Sea and ocean n/a
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 36 Sabellaria spinulosa reefs wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A3.215 Sabellaria spinulosa with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A3.234 Sabellaria spinulosa with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A3.234 Sabellaria spinulosa with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A3.234 Sabellaria spinulosa with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock same
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) MIR.SedK.SabKR Sabellaria spinulosa with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock same
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