EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T1 - Deciduous broadleaved forest > T1C - Temperate and boreal mountain Betula and Populus tremula forest on mineral soils

Temperate and boreal mountain Betula and Populus tremula forest on mineral soils

Description (English)

Open, low canopy climax birch (Betula litwinowii, Betula pubescens var. glabrata, Betula pubescens var. pumila) and aspen (Populus tremula) forests with a heathy or herb-rich field layer in the boreal zone, temperate mountain ranges including the Caucasus, and temperate zone of Eastern European lowlands.
Remark: Non-mountain closed, secondary birch and aspen forests of the boreal and temperate zones of Eastern Europe also belong to this habitat, which may require a change of the habitat name.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1C
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Mosses & Liverworts Sciuro-hypnum reflexum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Linnaea borealis
Flowering Plants Phyllodoce caerulea

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Sciuro-hypnum reflexum Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Linnaea borealis Flowering Plants
Phyllodoce caerulea Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Solidago virgaurea
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Trientalis europaea
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Linnaea borealis
Conifers Picea abies
Ferns Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Ferns Lycopodium annotinum
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Festuca ovina

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Solidago virgaurea Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Trientalis europaea Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Linnaea borealis Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Gymnocarpium dryopteris Ferns
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Lycopodium annotinum Ferns
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Festuca ovina Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Flowering Plants Populus tremula
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Populus tremula Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula or Sorbus aucuparia same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Betula, Populus tremula, Sorbus aucuparia or Corylus avellana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with Alnus, Populus tremula, Betula or Ulmus same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100