Mainland laurophyllous forest

Description (English)

Patches of evergreen laurophyllous forests and thickets dominated by bay (Laurus nobilis), firetree (Morella faya) and Portugal laurel (Prunus lusitanica subsp. lusitanica) in oceanic and hyper-humid situations, now surviving as small relics in sheltered situations like ravines along the Atlantic coast of Portugal and Spain and in Sardinia, southern Italy and Sicily. Typically species-poor with an associated flora similar to T21.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T22

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Prunus lusitanica subsp. lusitanica
Flowering Plants Laurus nobilis
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Celtis australis
Flowering Plants Acanthus mollis
Flowering Plants Viburnum tinus
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Ferns Asplenium adiantum-nigrum
Flowering Plants Fraxinus angustifolia
Flowering Plants Dioscorea communis
Ferns Polystichum setiferum
Flowering Plants Orobanche hederae
Flowering Plants Hypericum androsaemum
Flowering Plants Galium broterianum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Prunus lusitanica subsp. lusitanica Flowering Plants
Laurus nobilis Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Celtis australis Flowering Plants
Acanthus mollis Flowering Plants
Viburnum tinus Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum Ferns
Fraxinus angustifolia Flowering Plants
Dioscorea communis Flowering Plants
Polystichum setiferum Ferns
Orobanche hederae Flowering Plants
Hypericum androsaemum Flowering Plants
Galium broterianum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Laurus nobilis
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Dioscorea communis
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Ferns Asplenium adiantum-nigrum
Flowering Plants Prunus lusitanica subsp. lusitanica
Flowering Plants Lonicera periclymenum
Flowering Plants Viburnum tinus
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Ferns Polystichum setiferum
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Alnus glutinosa
Flowering Plants Fraxinus angustifolia

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Laurus nobilis Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Dioscorea communis Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum Ferns
Prunus lusitanica subsp. lusitanica Flowering Plants
Lonicera periclymenum Flowering Plants
Viburnum tinus Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Polystichum setiferum Ferns
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Alnus glutinosa Flowering Plants
Fraxinus angustifolia Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Laurus nobilis
Flowering Plants Prunus lusitanica subsp. lusitanica
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Prunus lusitanica
Flowering Plants Prunus laurocerasus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Laurus nobilis Flowering Plants
Prunus lusitanica subsp. lusitanica Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Prunus lusitanica Flowering Plants
Prunus laurocerasus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
European Red List of Habitats G2.2 Mainland laurophyllous woodland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.2 Eurasian continental lauriphyllous woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.5 Eurasian continental lauriphyllous forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.5 Eurasian continental lauriphyllous forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.5   same
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