Taxus baccata forest

Description (English)

Evergreen woodlands overwhelmingly dominated by yew (Taxus baccata), sometimes with holly (Ilex aquifolium), whitebeam (Sorbus aria) and box (Buxus sempervirens), maybe in halted successions or as senescent survivals, occurring very locally on base-rich soils in the Mediterranean and in the British Isles.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3C
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Taxus baccata
Flowering Plants Mercurialis perennis
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Daphne laureola
Flowering Plants Tilia platyphyllos
Flowering Plants Glechoma sardoa

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Taxus baccata Conifers
Mercurialis perennis Flowering Plants
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Daphne laureola Flowering Plants
Tilia platyphyllos Flowering Plants
Glechoma sardoa Flowering Plants
Conifers Taxus baccata
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Flowering Plants Mercurialis perennis
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Sorbus aria
Flowering Plants Daphne laureola
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Lactuca muralis
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Flowering Plants Hepatica nobilis
Flowering Plants Euphorbia amygdaloides
Ferns Dryopteris filix-mas

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Taxus baccata Conifers
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Mercurialis perennis Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Sorbus aria Flowering Plants
Daphne laureola Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Lactuca muralis Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Hepatica nobilis Flowering Plants
Euphorbia amygdaloides Flowering Plants
Dryopteris filix-mas Ferns
Conifers Taxus baccata
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Taxus baccata Conifers
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae narrower
European Red List of Habitats G3.9a Taxus baccata woodland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.9 Coniferous woodland, dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.A Western Palaearctic cypress, juniper and yew forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.A Western Palaearctic cypress, juniper and yew forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.A   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.A   same
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