Subalpine Pinus mugo scrub

Description (English)

Krummholz of dwarf mountain pine (Pinus mugo) on mineral soils with long snow-lie above the tree line through the mountains of central and South-Eastern Europe. Woody and herbaceous species and the sometimes abundant bryophyte layer vary according to the base-richness of the soils and ground moisture.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S26
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Rhododendron hirsutum
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Flowering Plants Sorbus chamaemespilus
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Flowering Plants Erica carnea
Flowering Plants Salix glabra
Flowering Plants Daphne striata
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Laserpitium peucedanoides
Flowering Plants Lonicera caerulea
Flowering Plants Rhodothamnus chamaecistus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Rhododendron hirsutum Flowering Plants
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Sorbus chamaemespilus Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Erica carnea Flowering Plants
Salix glabra Flowering Plants
Daphne striata Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Laserpitium peucedanoides Flowering Plants
Lonicera caerulea Flowering Plants
Rhodothamnus chamaecistus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Rhododendron hirsutum
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. nana
Flowering Plants Erica carnea
Flowering Plants Sesleria caerulea
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Luzula sylvatica
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Sorbus chamaemespilus
Mosses & Liverworts Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus
Flowering Plants Viola biflora

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Rhododendron hirsutum Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. nana Conifers
Erica carnea Flowering Plants
Sesleria caerulea Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Luzula sylvatica Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Sorbus chamaemespilus Flowering Plants
Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus Mosses & Liverworts
Viola biflora Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Erica carnea
Flowering Plants Rhododendron hirsutum
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ferrugineum
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Erica carnea Flowering Plants
Rhododendron hirsutum Flowering Plants
Rhododendron ferrugineum Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F2.4 Conifer scrub close to the tree limit narrower
European Red List of Habitats F2.4 Subalpine Pinus mugo scrub same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F2.4 Conifer scrub close to the tree limit same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F2.4 Pinus mugo scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F2.4 Pinus mugo scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F2.4 Pinus mugo scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F1.2 Pinus mugo scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F1.2 Dwarf pine scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.5 Dwarf pine scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.5 Dwarf pine scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.51   same
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