EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > S - Heathland, scrub and tundra > S3 - Temperate and mediterranean-montane scrub > S31 - Lowland to montane temperate and submediterranean Juniperus scrub

Lowland to montane temperate and submediterranean Juniperus scrub

Description (English)

Juniperus communis scrub on nutrient-poor sandy and calcareous soils through the temperate and submediterranean lowlands and foothills of Europe. The juniper can be very patchy in occurrence, often related to past land use, and with a striking variety of growth forms, the associated flora being very diverse according to soil base-status, sharing much in common, where the scrub is open, with local calcicolous grasslands or heath.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S31
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Mosses & Liverworts Hypnum cupressiforme
Flowering Plants Rosa canina
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Festuca ovina
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba minor
Flowering Plants Pilosella officinarum
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Conifers Pinus sylvestris

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Hypnum cupressiforme Mosses & Liverworts
Rosa canina Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Festuca ovina Flowering Plants
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba minor Flowering Plants
Pilosella officinarum Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F3.16 Juniperus communis scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F3.16 Juniperus communis scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F3.16 Juniperus communis scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F3.16 Juniperus communis scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F1.36 Juniperus communis scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F1.36 Common juniper scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.88 Common juniper scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.88 Common juniper scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.88   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.88   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.88   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.88   same
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