EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > S - Heathland, scrub and tundra > S6 - Garrigue > S67 - Aralo-Caspian semi-desert

Aralo-Caspian semi-desert

Description (English)

Zonal scrub on loamy and sandy-loamy, often subsaline soils of the semi-deserts of the Caucasus foothills, South-Eastern European Russia and Kazakhstan. The open vegetation is dominated by species of Artemisia and other sub-halophytic shrubs (e.g. Petrosimonia spp. and Salsola spp.). In the Caspian lowland, this habitat reaches its north-western distribution limit, having its main distribution in the desert regions surrounding the Caspian Sea, in the basin that used to support Aral Lake, and further into central Asia.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S67
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Ceratocarpus arenarius
Flowering Plants Eremopyrum orientale
Flowering Plants Artemisia lerchiana
Flowering Plants Alyssum turkestanicum
Flowering Plants Agropyron fragile
Flowering Plants Medicago medicaginoides
Fungi Xanthoparmelia ryssolea
Flowering Plants Eremopyrum triticeum
Flowering Plants Ceratocephala falcata
Flowering Plants Neotorularia contortuplicata
Flowering Plants Meniocus linifolius
Flowering Plants Petrosimonia brachiata
Flowering Plants Bassia prostrata
Flowering Plants Holosteum umbellatum
Flowering Plants Salsola dendroides
Flowering Plants Anabasis aphylla

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Ceratocarpus arenarius Flowering Plants
Eremopyrum orientale Flowering Plants
Artemisia lerchiana Flowering Plants
Alyssum turkestanicum Flowering Plants
Agropyron fragile Flowering Plants
Medicago medicaginoides Flowering Plants
Xanthoparmelia ryssolea Fungi
Eremopyrum triticeum Flowering Plants
Ceratocephala falcata Flowering Plants
Neotorularia contortuplicata Flowering Plants
Meniocus linifolius Flowering Plants
Petrosimonia brachiata Flowering Plants
Bassia prostrata Flowering Plants
Holosteum umbellatum Flowering Plants
Salsola dendroides Flowering Plants
Anabasis aphylla Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Alyssum turkestanicum
Flowering Plants Ceratocarpus arenarius
Flowering Plants Artemisia lerchiana
Flowering Plants Eremopyrum orientale
Flowering Plants Poa bulbosa
Flowering Plants Eremopyrum triticeum
Flowering Plants Bromus squarrosus
Flowering Plants Salsola kali
Flowering Plants Ceratocephala falcata
Flowering Plants Bassia prostrata
Flowering Plants Meniocus linifolius
Flowering Plants Holosteum umbellatum
Flowering Plants Descurainia sophia
Flowering Plants Agropyron fragile
Flowering Plants Anisantha tectorum
Flowering Plants Camphorosma monspeliaca
Flowering Plants Petrosimonia oppositifolia

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alyssum turkestanicum Flowering Plants
Ceratocarpus arenarius Flowering Plants
Artemisia lerchiana Flowering Plants
Eremopyrum orientale Flowering Plants
Poa bulbosa Flowering Plants
Eremopyrum triticeum Flowering Plants
Bromus squarrosus Flowering Plants
Salsola kali Flowering Plants
Ceratocephala falcata Flowering Plants
Bassia prostrata Flowering Plants
Meniocus linifolius Flowering Plants
Holosteum umbellatum Flowering Plants
Descurainia sophia Flowering Plants
Agropyron fragile Flowering Plants
Anisantha tectorum Flowering Plants
Camphorosma monspeliaca Flowering Plants
Petrosimonia oppositifolia Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Artemisia lerchiana
Flowering Plants Ceratocarpus arenarius

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Artemisia lerchiana Flowering Plants
Ceratocarpus arenarius Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F6.8 Xero-halophile scrubs narrower
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.8 Xero-halophile scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.8 Xero-halophile scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.8 Xero-halophile scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.8 Xero-halophile scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F5.4 Mediterraneo-Canarian xero-halophile scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B4.4 Mediterraneo-Canarian xero-halophile scrubs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 15.7 Mediterraneo-Canarian xero-halophile scrubs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 15.7 Mediterraneo-Canarian xero-halophile scrubs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 15.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 15.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 15.7   same
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