Helleno-Balkanic short grass and therophyte communities

English name: Helleno-Balkanic short grass and therophyte communities

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E1.332
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E1.3)

Description (English)

Open, short, grasslands of thermo- and meso-mediterranean areas of Greece and its islands and of the Balkan peninsula, with numerous annual grasses such as Bromus fasciculatus, Bromus madritensis, Bromus intermedius, Bromus alopecuros, Bromus rubens, Brachypodium distachyon, Aegilops neglecta, Aegilops geniculata, Aegilops triuncialis, Avena sterilis, Avena barbata, Lagurus ovatus, Cynosurus echinatus, Stipa capensis, but sometimes with a strong representation of short or medium-sized perennial grasses such as Hyparrhenia hirta, Andropogon distachyos, Cynodon dactylon, Dactylis hispanica. They are very rich in annual flowering plants, among which of genera Euphorbia, Silene, Nigella, Adonis, Papaver, Fumaria, Biscutella, Rapistrum, Althaea, Malva, Linum, Geranium, Astragalus, Ononis, Trigonella, Medicago, Melilotus, Trifolium, Lotus, Coronilla, Scorpiurus, Hedysarum, Onobrychis, Bupleurum, Daucus, Anagallis, Orobanche, Plantago, Centaurium, Galium, Evax, Filago, Pallenis, Anthemis, Chrysanthemum, Tragopogon, suffrutescent labiates of genera Teucrium, Thymus, Ballota, Phlomis, Micromeria, Salvia and others, and geophytes such as Urginea maritima, Asphodelus microcarpus, Lloydia graeca, Allium spp., Ornithogalum spp., Muscari spp., Romulea spp., Orchis spp., Ophrys spp., Anacamptis pyramidalis. They constitute a wide array of distinctive communities, many of them very local and restricted to small surfaces. Many of the more extensive pastures, in particular those dominated by annual grasses, are subnitrophilous or nitrophilous and may be better classified under unit 34.8.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Aegilops geniculata
Flowering Plants Aegilops neglecta
Flowering Plants Aegilops triuncialis
Flowering Plants Anacamptis pyramidalis
Flowering Plants Andropogon distachyos
Flowering Plants Asphodelus microcarpus
Flowering Plants Avena barbata
Flowering Plants Avena sterilis
Flowering Plants Brachypodium distachyon
Flowering Plants Bromus alopecuros
Flowering Plants Bromus fasciculatus
Flowering Plants Bromus intermedius
Flowering Plants Bromus madritensis
Flowering Plants Bromus rubens
Flowering Plants Cynodon dactylon
Flowering Plants Cynosurus echinatus
Flowering Plants Dactylis hispanica
Flowering Plants Hyparrhenia hirta
Flowering Plants Lagurus ovatus
Flowering Plants Lloydia graeca
Flowering Plants Stipa capensis
Flowering Plants Urginea maritima
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Aegilops geniculata Flowering Plants
Aegilops neglecta Flowering Plants
Aegilops triuncialis Flowering Plants
Anacamptis pyramidalis Flowering Plants
Andropogon distachyos Flowering Plants
Asphodelus microcarpus Flowering Plants
Avena barbata Flowering Plants
Avena sterilis Flowering Plants
Brachypodium distachyon Flowering Plants
Bromus alopecuros Flowering Plants
Bromus fasciculatus Flowering Plants
Bromus intermedius Flowering Plants
Bromus madritensis Flowering Plants
Bromus rubens Flowering Plants
Cynodon dactylon Flowering Plants
Cynosurus echinatus Flowering Plants
Dactylis hispanica Flowering Plants
Hyparrhenia hirta Flowering Plants
Lagurus ovatus Flowering Plants
Lloydia graeca Flowering Plants
Stipa capensis Flowering Plants
Urginea maritima Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 34.532 Helleno-Balkanic short grass and therophyte communities source
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.332 Helleno-Balkanic short grass and therophyte communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.332 Helleno-Balkanic short grass and therophyte communities same
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