Thermo-Alpigenous Festuca paniculata swards

English name: Thermo-Alpigenous Festuca paniculata swards

Description (English)

Thermophile, luxuriant, relatively closed grasslands formed by the very tall, bluegrey Festuca paniculata (Festuca spadicea) on south-facing slopes (adrets) of the upper montane and lower subalpine levels of the Pyrenees, the southern Alps and, locally, the Central Massif and the Abruzzi; characteristic and often abundant accompanying species include Centaurea uniflora, Silene nutans, Trifolium montanum, Hieracium peleteranum, Hypochoeris maculata, Potentilla grandiflora, Lilium martagon, Eryngium alpinum, Luzula pediformis, Meum athamanticum, Nigritella nigra, Helictotrichon parlatorei, Asphodelus albus, Iris xiphioides, Paradisea liliastrum, Dianthus monspessulanus, Carduus defloratus. Many have been traditionally treated as hay meadows and are of extraordinary floristic richness; they are nowadays increasingly abandoned or left to grazing.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E4.331
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E4.3)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Asphodelus albus
Flowering Plants Carduus defloratus
Flowering Plants Centaurea uniflora
Flowering Plants Dianthus monspessulanus
Flowering Plants Eryngium alpinum
Flowering Plants Festuca paniculata
Flowering Plants Festuca spadicea
Flowering Plants Helictotrichon parlatorei
Flowering Plants Hieracium peleteranum
Flowering Plants Hypochoeris maculata
Flowering Plants Iris xiphioides
Flowering Plants Lilium martagon
Flowering Plants Luzula pediformis
Flowering Plants Meum athamanticum
Flowering Plants Nigritella nigra
Flowering Plants Paradisea liliastrum
Flowering Plants Potentilla grandiflora
Flowering Plants Silene nutans
Flowering Plants Trifolium montanum
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Asphodelus albus Flowering Plants
Carduus defloratus Flowering Plants
Centaurea uniflora Flowering Plants
Dianthus monspessulanus Flowering Plants
Eryngium alpinum Flowering Plants
Festuca paniculata Flowering Plants
Festuca spadicea Flowering Plants
Helictotrichon parlatorei Flowering Plants
Hieracium peleteranum Flowering Plants
Hypochoeris maculata Flowering Plants
Iris xiphioides Flowering Plants
Lilium martagon Flowering Plants
Luzula pediformis Flowering Plants
Meum athamanticum Flowering Plants
Nigritella nigra Flowering Plants
Paradisea liliastrum Flowering Plants
Potentilla grandiflora Flowering Plants
Silene nutans Flowering Plants
Trifolium montanum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 36.331 Thermo-Alpigenous Festuca paniculata swards source
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E4.331 Thermo-Alpigenous Festuca paniculata swards same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E4.331 Thermo-Alpigenous Festuca paniculata swards same
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