Cabbage thistle meadows

English name: Cabbage thistle meadows

Description (English)

Tall-herb rich wet meadows dominated by, or with an abundance of, Cirsium oleraceum, distributed in Western and Central Europe from Denmark, locally Scania, northwestern Germany, Belgium, France, northwestern Spain, east to Poland, Lithuania, the Bohemian basin, Austria, best developed in the submontane level of the Hercynian ranges, the Jura and the pre-Alps on base-rich loams of river and brook floodplains and lakesides; Cirsium oleraceum, Angelica sylvestris, Caltha palustris, Lychnis flos-cuculi, Ranunculus acris, Polygonum bistorta, Rumex acetosa, Holcus lanatus, Alopecurus pratensis, Festuca pratensis, Poa trivialis are characteristic of their cortège; in northern Germany, Poland, Lithuania, the communities are enriched in Polygonum bistorta and lack several characteristics of their middle Hercynian cortège, in particular Sanguisorba officinalis, Colchicum autumnale, Silaum silaus.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E3.411
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E3.4)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Alopecurus pratensis
Flowering Plants Angelica sylvestris
Flowering Plants Caltha palustris
Flowering Plants Cirsium oleraceum
Flowering Plants Colchicum autumnale
Flowering Plants Festuca pratensis
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Lychnis flos-cuculi
Flowering Plants Poa trivialis
Flowering Plants Polygonum bistorta
Flowering Plants Ranunculus acris
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosa
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba officinalis
Flowering Plants Silaum silaus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alopecurus pratensis Flowering Plants
Angelica sylvestris Flowering Plants
Caltha palustris Flowering Plants
Cirsium oleraceum Flowering Plants
Colchicum autumnale Flowering Plants
Festuca pratensis Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Lychnis flos-cuculi Flowering Plants
Poa trivialis Flowering Plants
Polygonum bistorta Flowering Plants
Ranunculus acris Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosa Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba officinalis Flowering Plants
Silaum silaus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 37.211 Cabbage thistle meadows source
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.411 Cabbage thistle meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.411 Cabbage thistle meadows same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100