Atlantic tufted hairgrass meadows

English name: Atlantic tufted hairgrass meadows

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E3.4131
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E3.4)

Description (English)

Coarse grasslands of Atlantic and sub-Atlantic Western, Northern and, locally, western Central Europe and northern Eastern Europe, overwhelmingly dominated by Deschampsia cespitosa, characteristic of permanently moist, gleyed and periodically inundated near-neutral soils, with a highly variable, usually species-poor, complement of species that includes the grasses Holcus lanatus, Festuca rubra, Agrostis stolonifera, Agrostis capillaris, Poa trivialis, Poa pratensis, Dactylis glomerata, Lolium perenne, Alopecurus pratensis, sometimes forming closely grazed swards around the tussocks of the less palatable Deschampsia, as well as, among others, Juncus affinis, Juncus inflexus, Filipendula ulmaria, Cardamine pratensis, Angelica sylvestris, Achillea ptarmica, Ranunculus acris, Ranunculus repens, Cirsium arvense, Rumex acetosa, Cerastium fontanum, Plantago lanceolata, Lathyrus pratensis, Centaurea nigra, Dactylorhiza fuchsii. They are particularly well characterized in the English lowlands and in Fennoscandia, but occur locally farther east and south, notably in the Netherlands, in Belgium, in the Campine, the loess region and the peri-Hercynian calcareous regions, in northern Germany, in the Bohemian basin, in Austria, particularly under the influence of grazing. Grassland communities dominated by Deschampsia cespitosa of regions of more continental climates of eastern and southeastern Europe belong to the inundation communities of units E3.43 and E3.463.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Achillea ptarmica
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Alopecurus pratensis
Flowering Plants Angelica sylvestris
Flowering Plants Cardamine pratensis
Flowering Plants Centaurea nigra
Flowering Plants Cerastium fontanum
Flowering Plants Cirsium arvense
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Filipendula ulmaria
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Juncus affinis
Flowering Plants Juncus inflexus
Flowering Plants Lathyrus pratensis
Flowering Plants Lolium perenne
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Poa trivialis
Flowering Plants Ranunculus acris
Flowering Plants Ranunculus repens
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosa
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Achillea ptarmica Flowering Plants
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Alopecurus pratensis Flowering Plants
Angelica sylvestris Flowering Plants
Cardamine pratensis Flowering Plants
Centaurea nigra Flowering Plants
Cerastium fontanum Flowering Plants
Cirsium arvense Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Dactylorhiza fuchsii Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Filipendula ulmaria Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Juncus affinis Flowering Plants
Juncus inflexus Flowering Plants
Lathyrus pratensis Flowering Plants
Lolium perenne Flowering Plants
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Poa trivialis Flowering Plants
Ranunculus acris Flowering Plants
Ranunculus repens Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosa Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 37.2131 Atlantic tufted hairgrass meadows source
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.4131 Atlantic tufted hairgrass meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.4131 Atlantic tufted hairgrass meadows same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100