Blunt-flowered rush meadows

English name: Blunt-flowered rush meadows

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E3.418
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E3.4)

Description (English)

Calciphile wet meadows of Western Europe, Central Europe and northwestern Eastern Europe, northeast at least to Estonia, dominated by or rich in Juncus subnodulosus, characteristic of very wet calcareous soils or soils flushed by calcareous waters, transitional to the small sedge fens of the Caricion davallianae (unit D4.1), surviving mostly in the British Isles, in the Alpine foothills, in the moraine land of northern Germany, in chalk hills of northwestern Germany, in northern Jutland, on Fyn, in southern and central Scania, on Åland, in wet dune slacks of the Atlantic and North Sea seaboard of the continent of Europe; many formations are rather oligotrophic and could equally be listed under unit E3.5. Typical of these communities are the Juncus subnodulosus-Cirsium palustre fen-meadows, widespread in the southern British lowlands, particularly in East Anglia, north Buckinghamshire and Angelsey, rich in Juncus subnodulosus, Cirsium palustre, Equisetum palustre, Filipendula ulmaria, Holcus lanatus, Lotus uliginosus, Mentha aquatica, Caliergon cuspidatum; a characteristically variable species-rich cortège, influenced by the various grazing and mowing routines the meadows are subjected to, may include, among others, Trifolium spp., Briza media, Carex elata, Iris pseudacorus, Molinia caerulea, Dactylorhiza fuchsii, Dactylorhiza praetermissa, Dactylorhiza incarnata. Also particularly characteristic are the Juncus subnodulosus formations that succeed fen communities of unit D4.1 in the colonization of coastal wet dune slacks.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Ferns Equisetum palustre
Flowering Plants Briza media
Flowering Plants Carex elata
Flowering Plants Cirsium palustre
Flowering Plants Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Flowering Plants Dactylorhiza incarnata
Flowering Plants Dactylorhiza praetermissa
Flowering Plants Filipendula ulmaria
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Iris pseudacorus
Flowering Plants Juncus subnodulosus
Flowering Plants Lotus uliginosus
Flowering Plants Mentha aquatica
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Equisetum palustre Ferns
Briza media Flowering Plants
Carex elata Flowering Plants
Cirsium palustre Flowering Plants
Dactylorhiza fuchsii Flowering Plants
Dactylorhiza incarnata Flowering Plants
Dactylorhiza praetermissa Flowering Plants
Filipendula ulmaria Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Iris pseudacorus Flowering Plants
Juncus subnodulosus Flowering Plants
Lotus uliginosus Flowering Plants
Mentha aquatica Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 37.218 Blunt-flowered rush meadows source
National Vegetation Classification (UK) M28 Iris pseudacorus-Filipendula ulmaria mire not defined
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.418 Blunt-flowered rush meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.418 Blunt-flowered rush meadows same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100