Oro-Scandian tall-herb birch woods

English name: Oro-Scandian tall-herb birch woods

Description (English)

Tall (up to 12 m) woods of the subalpine belt of Fennoscandian mountains dominated by Betula pubescens ssp. czerepanovii, with Salix spp., Sorbus aucuparia, Prunus padus and an undergrowth dominated by tall herbs, comprising, together with abundant Geranium sylvaticum, Trollius europaeus, Rubus saxatilis, Aconitum septentrionale (Aconitum lycoctonum), Cirsium helenioides, Cicerbita alpina, Epilobium angustifolium, Ranunculus platanifolius. The well-developed taller shrub understorey is dominated by Juniperus communis, accompanied by Salix spp.; dwarf shrubs are often absent and the moss and lichen layer is very poorly developed; ferns are common. The species cortège includes Alchemilla spp., Astragalus alpinus, Myosotis decumbens, Paris quadrifolia, Silene dioica, Solidago virgaurea, Stellaria nemorum, Valeriana sambucifolia, Vicia biflora, Milium effusum, Deschampsia flexuosa, Calamagrostis purpurea, Anthoxanthum odoratum, Carex vaginata. These woods occupy well-drained, mull-rich soils.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G1.91726
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (G1.917)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Aconitum lycoctonum
Flowering Plants Aconitum septentrionale
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Astragalus alpinus
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis purpurea
Flowering Plants Carex vaginata
Flowering Plants Cicerbita alpina
Flowering Plants Cirsium helenioides
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Epilobium angustifolium
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Conifers Juniperus communis
Flowering Plants Milium effusum
Flowering Plants Myosotis decumbens
Flowering Plants Paris quadrifolia
Flowering Plants Prunus padus
Flowering Plants Ranunculus platanifolius
Flowering Plants Rubus saxatilis
Flowering Plants Silene dioica
Flowering Plants Solidago virgaurea
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Stellaria nemorum
Flowering Plants Trollius europaeus
Flowering Plants Valeriana sambucifolia
Flowering Plants Vicia biflora
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Aconitum lycoctonum Flowering Plants
Aconitum septentrionale Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Astragalus alpinus Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis purpurea Flowering Plants
Carex vaginata Flowering Plants
Cicerbita alpina Flowering Plants
Cirsium helenioides Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Epilobium angustifolium Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis Conifers
Milium effusum Flowering Plants
Myosotis decumbens Flowering Plants
Paris quadrifolia Flowering Plants
Prunus padus Flowering Plants
Ranunculus platanifolius Flowering Plants
Rubus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Silene dioica Flowering Plants
Solidago virgaurea Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Stellaria nemorum Flowering Plants
Trollius europaeus Flowering Plants
Valeriana sambucifolia Flowering Plants
Vicia biflora Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 41.B726 Oro-Scandian tall-herb birch woods source
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.91726 Oro-Scandian tall-herb birch woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.91726 Oro-Scandian tall-herb birch woods same
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