Sedge sphagnum birch woods

English name: Sedge sphagnum birch woods

Description (English)

Sphagnum-rich Betula pubescens or Betula carpatica woods of the boreal and nemoral western Palaearctic in which Molinia caerulea is accompanied by a cortège of acid fen species, in particular, Carex rostrata, Carex nigra, Carex echinata, Juncus acutiflorus, Agrostis canina, Narthecium ossifragum, Calamagrostis canescens and by ericoid shrubs, in particular Vaccinium uliginosum. Depending on water level, regime of inundation, history of ligneous colonization and nature of the initial stage, the undergrowth may be dominated by Molinia caerulea, by sedges Carex spp., by rushes Juncus spp., by Scirpus cespitosus or by ericoid shrubs, resulting in a number of rather distinctive habitats. Conifers, mostly Picea abies, may participate in the canopy of boreal, northeastern nemoral, Hercynian sub-boreal and pre-Alpine communities; Pinus sylvestris has its westernmost relict stations in northwestern stands. Fennoscandian formations have a number of northern species, in particular Calamagrostis purpurea, Cornus suecica, Empetrum spp., Rubus chamaemorus.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G1.512
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (G1.51)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Agrostis canina
Flowering Plants Betula carpatica
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis canescens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis purpurea
Flowering Plants Carex echinata
Flowering Plants Carex nigra
Flowering Plants Carex rostrata
Flowering Plants Cornus suecica
Flowering Plants Juncus acutiflorus
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Narthecium ossifragum
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Flowering Plants Scirpus cespitosus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Picea abies Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Agrostis canina Flowering Plants
Betula carpatica Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis canescens Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis purpurea Flowering Plants
Carex echinata Flowering Plants
Carex nigra Flowering Plants
Carex rostrata Flowering Plants
Cornus suecica Flowering Plants
Juncus acutiflorus Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Narthecium ossifragum Flowering Plants
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Scirpus cespitosus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 44.A12 Sedge sphagnum birch woods source
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.512 Sedge sphagnum birch woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.512 Sedge sphagnum birch woods same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
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