Illyrian holm-oak woodland

English name: Illyrian holm-oak woodland

Description (English)

Quercus ilex-dominated forests and woods of the Adriatic coast of the Balkan peninsula, restricted to the Dalmatian archipelago and to a narrow coastal belt of the mainland extending from the gulf of Sarand‰ to Istria, with Pistacia terebinthus, Fraxinus ornus, Coronilla emerus, Ostrya carpinifolia, Carpinus orientalis, Laurus nobilis, Viburnum tinus, Rhamnus alaternus, Rosa sempervirens, Lonicera etrusca, Clematis flammula, Rubia peregrina, Smilax aspera, Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris, Cyclamen purpurascens, Prunus mahaleb, and, in the most thermic stands, Myrtus communis and Juniperus phoenicea. They are mostly degraded to arborescent matorral or coppice; fully developed forests are recorded very locally in the Dalmatian archipelago, in particular on Rab, Lokrum, Mljet and Brioni.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G2.1219
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (G2)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Carpinus orientalis
Flowering Plants Clematis flammula
Flowering Plants Coronilla emerus
Flowering Plants Cyclamen purpurascens
Flowering Plants Fraxinus ornus
Conifers Juniperus phoenicea
Flowering Plants Laurus nobilis
Flowering Plants Lonicera etrusca
Flowering Plants Myrtus communis
Flowering Plants Ostrya carpinifolia
Flowering Plants Pistacia terebinthus
Flowering Plants Prunus mahaleb
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Rosa sempervirens
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Viburnum tinus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carpinus orientalis Flowering Plants
Clematis flammula Flowering Plants
Coronilla emerus Flowering Plants
Cyclamen purpurascens Flowering Plants
Fraxinus ornus Flowering Plants
Juniperus phoenicea Conifers
Laurus nobilis Flowering Plants
Lonicera etrusca Flowering Plants
Myrtus communis Flowering Plants
Ostrya carpinifolia Flowering Plants
Pistacia terebinthus Flowering Plants
Prunus mahaleb Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Rosa sempervirens Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Viburnum tinus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 45.319 Illyrian holm-oak woodland source
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.1219 Illyrian holm-oak woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.1219 Illyrian holm-oak woodland same
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