Icelandic palsa mounds

English name: Icelandic palsa mounds

Description (English)

Palsa mounds of the periglacial arctoalpine highlands of central Iceland, 0.5-2.5 metres high, 2-10 metres long, 1-7 metres broad, surrounded by a narrow lake-like lagg or a minerotrophic mud-bottom mire, generally of the Icelandic Carex rostrata-Carex rariflora type (unit D2.3H2), occupied, on the tops, by shrub communities dominated by Empetrum hermaphroditum, with Dryas octopetala, Salix herbacea, Armeria maritima, Silene acaulis, Kobresia myosuroides, the mosses Drepanocladus uncinatus, Racomitrium canescens, the sphagnum Sphagnum teres and the lichen Cetraria islandica, and on the lower slopes by communities dominated by Salix glauca ssp. callicarpaea (Salix arctica), Salix herbacea and Calamagrostis neglecta.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code D3.112
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (D3.1)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Armeria maritima
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis neglecta
Flowering Plants Carex rariflora
Flowering Plants Carex rostrata
Fungi Cetraria islandica
Mosses & Liverworts Drepanocladus uncinatus
Flowering Plants Dryas octopetala
Flowering Plants Empetrum hermaphroditum
Flowering Plants Kobresia myosuroides
Mosses & Liverworts Racomitrium canescens
Flowering Plants Salix arctica
Flowering Plants Salix herbacea
Flowering Plants Silene acaulis
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum teres
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Armeria maritima Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis neglecta Flowering Plants
Carex rariflora Flowering Plants
Carex rostrata Flowering Plants
Cetraria islandica Fungi
Drepanocladus uncinatus Mosses & Liverworts
Dryas octopetala Flowering Plants
Empetrum hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Kobresia myosuroides Flowering Plants
Racomitrium canescens Mosses & Liverworts
Salix arctica Flowering Plants
Salix herbacea Flowering Plants
Silene acaulis Flowering Plants
Sphagnum teres Mosses & Liverworts

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 54.912 Icelandic palsa mounds source
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 D3.112 Icelandic palsa mounds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 D3.112 Icelandic palsa mounds same
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