Fucoids on sheltered marine shores

English name: Fucoids on sheltered marine shores

Description (English)

Dense blankets of fucoid seaweeds dominating sheltered to extremely sheltered rocky shores and/or in locally sheltered patches on exposed to moderately exposed rocky shores. Typically, the wrack Pelvetia canaliculata (A1.311) occurs on the upper shore, with the wrack Fucus spiralis (A1.312) below. The middle shore is dominated by vast areas of the wrack Ascophyllum nodosum or the wrack Fucus vesiculosus (A1.313, A1.314) or a mixture of both. The wrack Fucus serratus covers lower shore bedrock and boulders (A1.315). Sheltered to very sheltered mixed substrata (pebbles and cobbles overlying muddy sand and gravel) shores can support fucoid communities (A1.3122; A1.3132; A1.3142; A1.3152).
Situation: Sheltered shores (i.e. estuaries and sea lochs) below the lichen dominated zone and above the kelp dominated zone in the sublittoral or sheltered patches on more wave exposed shores.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code A1.31

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Algae Ascophyllum nodosum
Algae Fucus serratus
Algae Fucus spiralis
Algae Fucus vesiculosus
Algae Pelvetia canaliculata
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Ascophyllum nodosum Algae
Fucus serratus Algae
Fucus spiralis Algae
Fucus vesiculosus Algae
Pelvetia canaliculata Algae

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Marine Habitat Classification Britain/Ireland 0405 LR.LLR.F Fucoids on sheltered marine shores source
CORINE Land Cover 4.2.3. Intertidal flats n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A1.31 Fucoids on sheltered marine shores same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A1.32 Fucoids, barnacles or ephemeral seaweeds on sheltered littoral mixed substrata overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A1.31 Dense fucoids on sheltered littoral rock overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A1.31 Dense fucoids on sheltered littoral rock overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A1.32 Fucoids, barnacles or ephemeral seaweeds on sheltered littoral mixed substrata overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A1.31 Dense fucoids on sheltered littoral rock overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A1.32 Fucoids, barnacles or ephemeral seaweeds on sheltered littoral mixed substrata overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A1.32 Fucoids, barnacles or ephemeral seaweeds on sheltered mixed substrata overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A1.31 Dense fucoids on sheltered rock overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 A1.41 Dense fucoids on sheltered rock overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 A1.42 Fucoids, barnacles or ephemeral seaweeds on sheltered mixed substrata overlap
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) SLR.FX Fucoids, barnacles or ephemeral seaweeds (mixed substrata) overlap
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) SLR.F Dense fucoids (stable rock) overlap
MNCR BioMar 96.7 (Britain & Ireland) SLR.F   narrower
MNCR BioMar 96.7 (Britain & Ireland) SLR.FX   same
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