Kelp and red seaweeds (moderate energy infralittoral rock)

English name: Kelp and red seaweeds (moderate energy infralittoral rock)

Description (English)

Infralittoral rock subject to moderate wave exposure, or moderately strong tidal streams on more sheltered coasts. On bedrock and stable boulders there is typically a narrow band of kelp Laminaria digitata in the sublittoral fringe which lies above a Laminaria hyperborea forest and park. Associated with the kelp are communities of seaweeds, predominantly reds and including a greater variety of more delicate filamentous types than found on more exposed coasts (A3.11). The faunal component of the understorey is also less prominant than in A3.11.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code A3.21
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (A3)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Algae Laminaria digitata
Algae Laminaria hyperborea
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Laminaria digitata Algae
Laminaria hyperborea Algae

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Marine Habitat Classification Britain/Ireland 0405 IR.MIR.KR Kelp and red seaweeds (moderate energy infralittoral rock) source
CORINE Land Cover 5.2.3. Sea and ocean n/a
Ramsar Wetland Types B Subtidal aquatic beds wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A3.21 Kelp and red seaweeds (moderate energy infralittoral rock) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A3.21 Kelp and red seaweeds on moderately exposed infralittoral rock narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A3.22 Grazed kelp with algal crusts on moderately exposed infralittoral rock narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A3.22 Grazed kelp with algal crusts on moderately exposed infralittoral rock narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A3.21 Kelp and red seaweeds on moderately exposed infralittoral rock narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A3.22 Grazed kelp with algal crusts on moderately exposed infralittoral rock narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A3.21 Kelp and red seaweeds on moderately exposed infralittoral rock narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A3.21 Kelp and red seaweeds on moderately exposed infralittoral rock narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A3.22 Grazed kelp with algal crusts on moderately exposed infralittoral rock narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 A3.22 Grazed kelp with algal crusts on moderately exposed infralittoral rock narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 A3.21 Kelp and red seaweeds on moderately exposed infralittoral rock narrower
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) MIR.KR Kelp and red seaweeds (moderately exposed rock) narrower
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) MIR.GzK Grazed kelp with algal crusts narrower
MNCR BioMar 96.7 (Britain & Ireland) MIR.KR   narrower
MNCR BioMar 96.7 (Britain & Ireland) MIR.LhypGz   narrower
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100