Red List habitat classification > RLF - Heathland and scrub > RLF6.1a Western basiphilous garrigue

Western basiphilous garrigue

Quick facts

Red List habitat type code RLF6.1a
Threat status
Europe Least Concern
EU Least Concern
Relation to
Source European Red List habitat factsheet
European Red List of habitats reports
European Red List of habitats (Excel table)

Summary

Scrub vegetation dominated by xerophytic chamaephytes, mostly of cushion-shaped, nano-phanerophytes and sometimes tuffed perennial grasses and hemicryptophytes, on shallow or eroded soils derived from rocks with alkaline reaction of the western Mediterranean subregion. Common substrata are limestone (calcium carbonate rich), dolomitic (magnesium carbonate rich) and ultramafic rocks with alkaline reaction. The habitat type F6.1a is, in most cases, seral vegetation stage following degradation of zonal forests distributed from the thermo to meso-mediterranean, seldom to the low supra-mediterranean, semi-arid to sub-humid vegetation belts. In rocky outcrops or crests it may have a permanent character and form the climax vegetation. Also in semi-arid regions, such as those in the Murcia-Almerian province, it may stand as permanent vegetation in large areas.

The habitat is frequently dominated by shrubs of the families Labiatae and Fabaceae of neomediterranean character. It comprises a broad diversity of plant communities, especially in Spain, and includes many local endemic taxa, thus having a high conservation value. This vegetation has historically expanded its area due to soil erosion after the destruction of woodlands for agriculture and cattle grazing. It may also be promoted by wildfires, as most plants are R-strategist seeders and fire-prone. The biogeographic and bioclimatic variability allows the recognition of three subgroups (vegetation orders): Rosmarinetalia (dry to subhumid central and west Iberian limestone), Antyllidetalia terniflorae (semi-arid limestone and marl Murcia-Almerian province) and Convolvuletalia boissieri (dolomite and ultramafic), containing in total thirteen alliances.

As basiphilous garrigues have enormous syntaxonomic and floristic diversity in the western Mediterranean, some degree of interpretation is needed. We follow the concept of Mucina et al. (2014) with several modifications. The core concept is that of chamaephyte- and nano- phanerophyte-dominated scrub on eroded or thin soils in substrata with alkaline reaction, either derived from limestone, dolomitic (rich in magnesium carbonate)  or sometimes ultramafic rock, in thermo-mediterranean and meso-mediterranean belts. The vegetation corresponds to a large part of the class Rosmarinetea officinalis (in the sense of Rivas-Martínez et al., 1991, = Ononido-Rosmarinetea in Mucina et al.) and mostly to the widespread dry to sub-humid order Rosmarinetalia. Also the semi-arid limestone communities of the Murcia-Almerian province (order Anthyllidetalia terniflorae) are included. Gypsum communities (order Gipsophylletalia) are excluded (included in F6.7), but magnesium-prone ones are included (order Convolvuletalia boissieri). The equivalent habitats in west european calcareous mountains, mostly in supra and oro-mediterranean thermotypes, sometimes in sub-mediterranean temperate bioclimate are excluded and systematized in F6.6, F6.7 and F7.4. By the same reasoning all hedgehog heath (order Erinacetalia anthylis) is excluded and belongs to F7.4. The following syntaxa, in many cases ascribed to Rosmarinetea are thus excluded from F6.1a: Erysimo-Jurinetalia bocconei (F7.4b), Festuco-Ononidetalia striatae (F74.a). Also, not following Mucina et al., mountain garrigues of the following alliances are excluded: Polygalo-Genistion corsicae, Helianthemo-Aphyllantion monspeliensis (F6.6), Alyssion bertolonii (F7.4a), Artemisio albae-Saturejion montanae (F7.4a), Lavandulo latifoliae-Genistion (Echinospartion) boissieri (F6.6), Siderito incanae-Salvio lavandulifoliae (F6.6). However Cisto eriocephali-Ericion multiflorae is included to stand for an Italo- Thyrrenean irradiation of the east-mediterranean Cisto-Micromerietea class or otherwise considered in Rosmarinetea (West Mediterranean). Garrigues in limestone sea-cliffs (order Helichrysetalia italici) are excluded and classifiable in either F7.1-2 (west Mediterranean coastal garrigues) or B3.1-3b (Mediterranean and Black Sea rocky shores).

Indicators of good quality:

Apart from  the primary ecological niches of the habitat  (crests and rocky outcrops), it’s presence is s dependent on disturbances of low to moderate degree;  otherwise, it is expected to  be substituded along the  succession process by  forest communities. Although such processes are slow or even ‘locked’ by persistence of disturbance or feeble water capacity, the whole mosaic of garrigues and other habitats (grasslands, forests) in dry sub-humid types with shallow soils should be balanced by active management (burning or traditional agriculture and grazing). At its permanent positions on  rock crests no management is required for the conservation of the habitat. Species rich, “saturated” variations of the habitat need the emphasis to be given on conservation, while  the species-poor pioneer stages  are of lower conservation value but potentially these evolve into more species rich communities.. Another indicator of the habitat’s good quality is the presence of the majority of its local characteristic species.

Characteristic species
For full habitat description, please download the habitat factsheet.

Threat status

Synthesis of Red List assessment

A stable or a very slight reduction in quantity and quality since the last 50 year, mostly due to vegetation succession as a result of the land abandonment, result in a Least Concern (LC) assessment. The future prospects for the habitat are also assessed as stable both in the EU28 and EU28+ countries. In spite of the habitat’s abundant occurrence and the absence of relevant threats, the wide local variation of the habitat type should be taken into account when designing and implementing management practices. The habitat is very species-rich and contains many narrow endemics amongst which many threatened species.
EU
Red List Category Red List Criteria
Least Concern -
Europe
Red List Category Red List Criteria
Least Concern -

Confidence in the assessment

medium
Red List of habitat categories and criteria descriptions

Pressures and threats

  • Agriculture
    • Agricultural intensification
  • Sylviculture, forestry
    • Artificial planting on open ground (non-native trees)
  • Urbanisation, residential and commercial development
    • Discontinuous urbanisation
  • Natural System modifications
    • Lack of fires
  • Natural biotic and abiotic processes (without catastrophes)
    • Species composition change (succession)

Habitat restoration potential

The habitat is a meta-stable successional stage following agricultural abandonment, long fallow period or a time period between wildfires. If succession is allowed, it is expected that after a period of 10 to 20 years, a species 'saturated' stage (beyond the pioneer stages) could be achieved and kept stable for a long while. Afterwards, in soils less shallow, the vegetation succession is expected to progress to pre-forest/forest stages.

Trends in extent

Average current trend in quantity

Stable Stable
EU28 EU28+

Trends in quality

Average current trend in quality

Stable Stable
EU28 EU28+

Conservation and management needs

For best conservation management measures and results, the maintenance of a balanced proportion of low-intensity agriculture with long fallow periods (by implementing agro-environmental policies) is suggested.
When designing management meaures in the context of local and regional policies, the local and regional variants of the habitat type (F6.1b) with the possible peculiarities in species and endemic/rare/threatened species composition should be taken in account.. The most effective way of implementing different conservation measures depending on the conservation value of the different sub-types of the same habitat type is to use their species composition for different legal conservation status and actions.
Micro-reserves or other designation regimes sites network could safeguard, , even in agricultural territories, the preservation of all the constituent flora species and mature status of the habitat. The short fallow periods implie that habitats are always kept in early succession stages characterized by a low number of species (pioneer species). In conservation oriented agricultural land, i.e. managed to include also conservation objectives, the maintenance of a proportion of land with longer fallow period (thus allowing succession and species saturation of the habitat) is suggested.

List of conservation and management needs

  • Measures related to agriculture and open habitats
    • Other agriculture-related measures
  • Measures related to spatial planning
    • Establish protected areas/sites
    • Establishing wilderness areas/allowing succession
    • Legal protection of habitats and species

Distribution

For each habitat a distribution map was produced from a wide variety of sources indicating known and potential occurrences of the habitat in 10x10 km grids within Europe. Occurrences in grid cells were given in two classes: actual distribution from relatively reliable sources (surveys, expert knowledge), and potential distribution based on models or less reliable indicators. Please download the fact sheet to see the map.

Geographic occurrence and trends

EU28 Present or presence uncertain Current area of habitat (Km2) Recent trend in quantity (last 50 years) Recent trend in quality (last 50 years)
France mainland Present unknown Unknown Unknown
Corsica Present unknown Unknown Unknown
Italy mainland Present 2811 Decreasing Stable
Sardinia Present 2811 Decreasing Stable
Sicily Present 2811 Decreasing Stable
Portugal mainland Present 59 Unknown Increasing
Spain mainland Present 6105 Decreasing Decreasing
Balearic Islands Present 6105 Decreasing Decreasing
EU28 + Present or presence uncertain Current area of habitat (Km2) Recent trend in quantity (last 50 years) Recent trend in quality (last 50 years)

Extent of Occurrence, Area of Occupancy and habitat area

Extent of Occurrence (EOO) (Km2) Area of Occupancy (AOO) Current estimated Total Area Comment
EU28 402000 1056 8883
EU28+ 1056 8883
AOO = the area occupied by a habitat measured in number of 10x10 km grid cells.
EOO = the area (km2) of the envelope around all occurrences of a habitat (calculated by a minimum convex polygon).

Characteristic species

The full list of characteristic species and genus are available above from the Summary. The species available in the EUNIS database are shown here.
Flowering Plants Alyssum atlanticum
Flowering Plants Anabasis articulata
Flowering Plants Andryala agardhii
Flowering Plants Anthyllis cytisoides
Flowering Plants Anthyllis gandogeri
Flowering Plants Anthyllis polycephala
Flowering Plants Anthyllis ramburii
Flowering Plants Anthyllis rupestris
Flowering Plants Anthyllis tejedensis
Flowering Plants Anthyllis terniflora
Flowering Plants Aphyllanthes monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Arenaria pseudarmeriastrum
Flowering Plants Arenaria racemosa
Flowering Plants Arenaria tomentosa
Flowering Plants Argyrolobium zanonii
Flowering Plants Aristolochia bianorii
Flowering Plants Aristolochia pistolochia
Flowering Plants Armeria platyphylla
Flowering Plants Astragalus alopecuroides
Flowering Plants Astragalus balearicus
Flowering Plants Astragalus chlorocyaneus
Flowering Plants Astragalus glaux
Flowering Plants Astragalus granatensis
Flowering Plants Astragalus hispanicus
Flowering Plants Atractylis humilis
Flowering Plants Bartsia aspera
Flowering Plants Biscutella vicentina
Flowering Plants Bupleurum fruticescens
Flowering Plants Catananche caerulea
Flowering Plants Centaurea antennata
Flowering Plants Centaurea carratracensis
Flowering Plants Centaurea granatensis
Flowering Plants Centaurea intybacea
Flowering Plants Centaurea pinae
Flowering Plants Centaurea rouyi
Flowering Plants Centaurea spachii
Flowering Plants Cephalaria leucantha
Flowering Plants Cheirolophus intybaceus
Flowering Plants Cistus albidus
Flowering Plants Cistus clusii
Flowering Plants Cistus creticus
Flowering Plants Cistus parviflorus
Flowering Plants Convolvulus boissieri
Flowering Plants Convolvulus lanuginosus
Flowering Plants Cytinus ruber
Flowering Plants Dianthus hispanicus
Flowering Plants Dianthus multiceps
Flowering Plants Dianthus pungens
Flowering Plants Digitalis laciniata
Flowering Plants Digitalis obscura
Flowering Plants Dorycnium hirsutum
Flowering Plants Dorycnium pentaphyllum
Flowering Plants Elaeoselinum tenuifolium
Flowering Plants Erica multiflora
Flowering Plants Erodium astragaloides
Flowering Plants Erodium boissieri
Flowering Plants Erysimum cazorlense
Flowering Plants Erysimum rondae
Flowering Plants Euphorbia flavicoma
Flowering Plants Euphorbia isatidifolia
Flowering Plants Euphorbia nicaeensis
Flowering Plants Festuca plicata
Flowering Plants Fritillaria boissieri
Flowering Plants Fumana arabica
Flowering Plants Fumana ericoides
Flowering Plants Fumana laevipes
Flowering Plants Fumana laevis
Flowering Plants Fumana paradoxa
Flowering Plants Fumana procumbens
Flowering Plants Fumana thymifolia
Flowering Plants Galium balearicum
Flowering Plants Genista corsica
Flowering Plants Genista dorycnifolia
Flowering Plants Genista hirsuta
Flowering Plants Genista lanuginosa
Flowering Plants Genista lucida
Flowering Plants Globularia alypum
Flowering Plants Globularia spinosa
Flowering Plants Globularia vulgaris
Flowering Plants Guillonea scabra
Flowering Plants Halimium atriplicifolium
Flowering Plants Helianthemum almeriense
Flowering Plants Helianthemum asperum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum caput-felis
Flowering Plants Helianthemum cinereum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum frigidulum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum hirtum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum marifolium
Flowering Plants Helianthemum molle
Flowering Plants Helianthemum origanifolium
Flowering Plants Helianthemum pannosum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum syriacum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum violaceum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum viscidulum
Flowering Plants Helichrysum microphyllum
Flowering Plants Hippocrepis bourgaei
Flowering Plants Hippocrepis eriocarpa
Flowering Plants Hippocrepis scabra
Flowering Plants Hippocrepis squamata
Flowering Plants Hypericum balearicum
Flowering Plants Hypericum ericoides
Flowering Plants Iberis nazarita
Flowering Plants Iberis procumbens subsp. microcarpa
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana
Flowering Plants Lavandula dentata
Flowering Plants Lavandula lanata
Flowering Plants Lavandula latifolia
Flowering Plants Leuzea conifera
Flowering Plants Limonium album
Flowering Plants Linaria aeruginea
Flowering Plants Linum suffruticosum
Flowering Plants Lithodora fruticosa
Flowering Plants Lithodora nitida
Flowering Plants Lotus tetraphyllus
Flowering Plants Micromeria nervosa
Flowering Plants Moricandia foetida
Flowering Plants Onobrychis argentea
Flowering Plants Onobrychis stenorhiza
Flowering Plants Ononis cephalotes
Flowering Plants Ononis crispa
Flowering Plants Ononis microphylla
Flowering Plants Ononis minutissima
Flowering Plants Ononis pusilla
Flowering Plants Onosma hispanica
Flowering Plants Orobanche latisquama
Flowering Plants Paronychia aretioides
Flowering Plants Phlomis italica
Flowering Plants Polygala rupestris
Flowering Plants Pterocephalus spathulatus
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Flowering Plants Rothmaleria granatensis
Flowering Plants Ruta chalepensis
Flowering Plants Salsola papillosa
Flowering Plants Santolina elegans
Flowering Plants Satureja canescens
Flowering Plants Satureja innota
Flowering Plants Satureja nervosa
Flowering Plants Satureja obovata
Flowering Plants Scabiosa pulsatilloides
Flowering Plants Scorzonera albicans
Flowering Plants Scorzonera baetica
Flowering Plants Serratula baetica subsp. lusitanica
Flowering Plants Serratula flavescens
Flowering Plants Serratula pinnatifida
Flowering Plants Sideritis arborescens
Flowering Plants Sideritis grandiflora
Flowering Plants Sideritis ibanyezii
Flowering Plants Sideritis incana
Flowering Plants Sideritis leucantha
Flowering Plants Sideritis pusilla
Flowering Plants Sideritis reverchonii
Flowering Plants Sideritis sericea
Flowering Plants Sideritis serrata
Flowering Plants Sideritis tragoriganum
Flowering Plants Silene tejedensis
Flowering Plants Staehelina baetica
Flowering Plants Staehelina dubia
Flowering Plants Teucrium capitatum
Flowering Plants Teucrium carolipaui
Flowering Plants Teucrium carthaginense
Flowering Plants Teucrium charidemi
Flowering Plants Teucrium eriocephalum
Flowering Plants Teucrium flavum
Flowering Plants Teucrium lanigerum
Flowering Plants Teucrium lusitanicum
Flowering Plants Teucrium reverchonii
Flowering Plants Teucrium subspinosum
Flowering Plants Thesium divaricatum
Flowering Plants Thymbra capitata
Flowering Plants Thymelaea elliptica
Flowering Plants Thymelaea sanamunda
Flowering Plants Thymelaea tartonraira
Flowering Plants Thymelaea tinctoria
Flowering Plants Thymelaea velutina
Flowering Plants Thymus aestivus
Flowering Plants Thymus antoninae
Flowering Plants Thymus baeticus
Flowering Plants Thymus funkii
Flowering Plants Thymus granatensis
Flowering Plants Thymus hyemalis
Flowering Plants Thymus longiflorus
Flowering Plants Thymus lotocephalus
Flowering Plants Thymus murcicus
Flowering Plants Thymus piperella
Flowering Plants Thymus sabulicola
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Thymus zygis subsp. sylvestris
Flowering Plants Ulex baeticus
Flowering Plants Ulex densus
Flowering Plants Ulex erinaceus
Flowering Plants Ulex parviflorus
Flowering Plants Ulex scaber
Flowering Plants Valeriana tuberosa
Flowering Plants Viola arborescens
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alyssum atlanticum Flowering Plants
Anabasis articulata Flowering Plants
Andryala agardhii Flowering Plants
Anthyllis cytisoides Flowering Plants
Anthyllis gandogeri Flowering Plants
Anthyllis polycephala Flowering Plants
Anthyllis ramburii Flowering Plants
Anthyllis rupestris Flowering Plants
Anthyllis tejedensis Flowering Plants
Anthyllis terniflora Flowering Plants
Aphyllanthes monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Arenaria pseudarmeriastrum Flowering Plants
Arenaria racemosa Flowering Plants
Arenaria tomentosa Flowering Plants
Argyrolobium zanonii Flowering Plants
Aristolochia bianorii Flowering Plants
Aristolochia pistolochia Flowering Plants
Armeria platyphylla Flowering Plants
Astragalus alopecuroides Flowering Plants
Astragalus balearicus Flowering Plants
Astragalus chlorocyaneus Flowering Plants
Astragalus glaux Flowering Plants
Astragalus granatensis Flowering Plants
Astragalus hispanicus Flowering Plants
Atractylis humilis Flowering Plants
Bartsia aspera Flowering Plants
Biscutella vicentina Flowering Plants
Bupleurum fruticescens Flowering Plants
Catananche caerulea Flowering Plants
Centaurea antennata Flowering Plants
Centaurea carratracensis Flowering Plants
Centaurea granatensis Flowering Plants
Centaurea intybacea Flowering Plants
Centaurea pinae Flowering Plants
Centaurea rouyi Flowering Plants
Centaurea spachii Flowering Plants
Cephalaria leucantha Flowering Plants
Cheirolophus intybaceus Flowering Plants
Cistus albidus Flowering Plants
Cistus clusii Flowering Plants
Cistus creticus Flowering Plants
Cistus parviflorus Flowering Plants
Convolvulus boissieri Flowering Plants
Convolvulus lanuginosus Flowering Plants
Cytinus ruber Flowering Plants
Dianthus hispanicus Flowering Plants
Dianthus multiceps Flowering Plants
Dianthus pungens Flowering Plants
Digitalis laciniata Flowering Plants
Digitalis obscura Flowering Plants
Dorycnium hirsutum Flowering Plants
Dorycnium pentaphyllum Flowering Plants
Elaeoselinum tenuifolium Flowering Plants
Erica multiflora Flowering Plants
Erodium astragaloides Flowering Plants
Erodium boissieri Flowering Plants
Erysimum cazorlense Flowering Plants
Erysimum rondae Flowering Plants
Euphorbia flavicoma Flowering Plants
Euphorbia isatidifolia Flowering Plants
Euphorbia nicaeensis Flowering Plants
Festuca plicata Flowering Plants
Fritillaria boissieri Flowering Plants
Fumana arabica Flowering Plants
Fumana ericoides Flowering Plants
Fumana laevipes Flowering Plants
Fumana laevis Flowering Plants
Fumana paradoxa Flowering Plants
Fumana procumbens Flowering Plants
Fumana thymifolia Flowering Plants
Galium balearicum Flowering Plants
Genista corsica Flowering Plants
Genista dorycnifolia Flowering Plants
Genista hirsuta Flowering Plants
Genista lanuginosa Flowering Plants
Genista lucida Flowering Plants
Globularia alypum Flowering Plants
Globularia spinosa Flowering Plants
Globularia vulgaris Flowering Plants
Guillonea scabra Flowering Plants
Halimium atriplicifolium Flowering Plants
Helianthemum almeriense Flowering Plants
Helianthemum asperum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum caput-felis Flowering Plants
Helianthemum cinereum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum frigidulum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum hirtum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum marifolium Flowering Plants
Helianthemum molle Flowering Plants
Helianthemum origanifolium Flowering Plants
Helianthemum pannosum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum syriacum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum violaceum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum viscidulum Flowering Plants
Helichrysum microphyllum Flowering Plants
Hippocrepis bourgaei Flowering Plants
Hippocrepis eriocarpa Flowering Plants
Hippocrepis scabra Flowering Plants
Hippocrepis squamata Flowering Plants
Hypericum balearicum Flowering Plants
Hypericum ericoides Flowering Plants
Iberis nazarita Flowering Plants
Iberis procumbens subsp. microcarpa Flowering Plants
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants
Lavandula dentata Flowering Plants
Lavandula lanata Flowering Plants
Lavandula latifolia Flowering Plants
Leuzea conifera Flowering Plants
Limonium album Flowering Plants
Linaria aeruginea Flowering Plants
Linum suffruticosum Flowering Plants
Lithodora fruticosa Flowering Plants
Lithodora nitida Flowering Plants
Lotus tetraphyllus Flowering Plants
Micromeria nervosa Flowering Plants
Moricandia foetida Flowering Plants
Onobrychis argentea Flowering Plants
Onobrychis stenorhiza Flowering Plants
Ononis cephalotes Flowering Plants
Ononis crispa Flowering Plants
Ononis microphylla Flowering Plants
Ononis minutissima Flowering Plants
Ononis pusilla Flowering Plants
Onosma hispanica Flowering Plants
Orobanche latisquama Flowering Plants
Paronychia aretioides Flowering Plants
Phlomis italica Flowering Plants
Polygala rupestris Flowering Plants
Pterocephalus spathulatus Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Rothmaleria granatensis Flowering Plants
Ruta chalepensis Flowering Plants
Salsola papillosa Flowering Plants
Santolina elegans Flowering Plants
Satureja canescens Flowering Plants
Satureja innota Flowering Plants
Satureja nervosa Flowering Plants
Satureja obovata Flowering Plants
Scabiosa pulsatilloides Flowering Plants
Scorzonera albicans Flowering Plants
Scorzonera baetica Flowering Plants
Serratula baetica subsp. lusitanica Flowering Plants
Serratula flavescens Flowering Plants
Serratula pinnatifida Flowering Plants
Sideritis arborescens Flowering Plants
Sideritis grandiflora Flowering Plants
Sideritis ibanyezii Flowering Plants
Sideritis incana Flowering Plants
Sideritis leucantha Flowering Plants
Sideritis pusilla Flowering Plants
Sideritis reverchonii Flowering Plants
Sideritis sericea Flowering Plants
Sideritis serrata Flowering Plants
Sideritis tragoriganum Flowering Plants
Silene tejedensis Flowering Plants
Staehelina baetica Flowering Plants
Staehelina dubia Flowering Plants
Teucrium capitatum Flowering Plants
Teucrium carolipaui Flowering Plants
Teucrium carthaginense Flowering Plants
Teucrium charidemi Flowering Plants
Teucrium eriocephalum Flowering Plants
Teucrium flavum Flowering Plants
Teucrium lanigerum Flowering Plants
Teucrium lusitanicum Flowering Plants
Teucrium reverchonii Flowering Plants
Teucrium subspinosum Flowering Plants
Thesium divaricatum Flowering Plants
Thymbra capitata Flowering Plants
Thymelaea elliptica Flowering Plants
Thymelaea sanamunda Flowering Plants
Thymelaea tartonraira Flowering Plants
Thymelaea tinctoria Flowering Plants
Thymelaea velutina Flowering Plants
Thymus aestivus Flowering Plants
Thymus antoninae Flowering Plants
Thymus baeticus Flowering Plants
Thymus funkii Flowering Plants
Thymus granatensis Flowering Plants
Thymus hyemalis Flowering Plants
Thymus longiflorus Flowering Plants
Thymus lotocephalus Flowering Plants
Thymus murcicus Flowering Plants
Thymus piperella Flowering Plants
Thymus sabulicola Flowering Plants
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Thymus zygis subsp. sylvestris Flowering Plants
Ulex baeticus Flowering Plants
Ulex densus Flowering Plants
Ulex erinaceus Flowering Plants
Ulex parviflorus Flowering Plants
Ulex scaber Flowering Plants
Valeriana tuberosa Flowering Plants
Viola arborescens Flowering Plants

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Other classifications

This habitat may be equivalent to, or broather than, or narrower than the habitats or ecosystems in the following typologies.
Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F6.1 Western garrigues narrower
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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