Red List habitat classification > RLF - Heathland and scrub > RLF6.6 Supramediterranean garrigue

Supramediterranean garrigue

Quick facts

Red List habitat type code RLF6.6
Threat status
Europe Least Concern
EU Least Concern
Relation to
Source European Red List habitat factsheet
European Red List of habitats reports
European Red List of habitats (Excel table)

Summary

Open scrub on calcareous substrata formed by ligneous plants of Mediterranean floristic character which represent degradation seral stages in the supra levels of the Mediterranean region. They replace basically Quercus rotundifolia, Quercus ilex, Quercus faginea and Juniperus thurifera forests. This habitat type is found in the base-rich mid elevation terrains in the Baetic mountains, central Iberian high plateau (meseta), Pyrenees piedmonts, southern France and southern Alps piedmonts, Apennine. It is present also in Portugal and Greece. These garrigues have been historically expanded by fire, a common practice of traditional sheepherding which has been the main land use along centuries. This is in apparent contradiction with the abundance of narrowly distributed species, but this is probably due to the fact that, in their primary stations, the patches of this habitat were isolated and distant from each other, favoring speciation. After the arrival of the Neolithic period (about 8 to 7000 years BP in western Mediterranen areas), humans transformed the landscape completely reversing the relative abundance of the previously existing habitats as they needed open large areas for their herds causing that the formerly restricted scrub areas became general in the landscape. Nowadays, with the abandonment of traditional sheepherding, of firewood collection and charcoal fabrication, forests and woodlands are recovering and this habitat, some decades ago extensively represented, is in clear regression, although still far from being in danger. Structural similar communities in siliceous sites of the supramediterranean zones of the mountains of Sardinia and Corse, with Genista salzmanni as an important species, are considered part of the oro-mediterranean hedgehog heaths of habitat F7.4b.

Indicators of good quality:

Optimal conditions for this type entail that the typical structure of the vegetation to be represented, i.e. scrub of low height and low cover in a matrix of open soil. The following characteristics may be considered as indicators of good quality, but these indicators differ in different regions:

• Presence of dwarf ligneous plants, particularly endemics, including threatened species

• High to medium cover of vascular plant vegetation, particularly chamaephytes

• Low cover of encroaching tall grasses and shrubs

• Absence of nitrophilic and alien species indicating heavy human influence

Characteristic species
For full habitat description, please download the habitat factsheet.

Threat status

Synthesis of Red List assessment

There is no concern about this habitat type, due to its extension and to its current situation. However a certain traditional management (grazing) should be maintained in areas where it exists in order to prevent a future stronger decrease.
EU
Red List Category Red List Criteria
Least Concern -
Europe
Red List Category Red List Criteria
Least Concern -

Confidence in the assessment

medium
Red List of habitat categories and criteria descriptions

Pressures and threats

  • Agriculture
    • Abandonment of pastoral systems, lack of grazing
  • Sylviculture, forestry
    • Artificial planting on open ground (non-native trees)

Habitat restoration potential

As it is a seral stage in succession, it recovers easyly after severe damage.

Trends in extent

Average current trend in quantity

Decreasing Decreasing
EU28 EU28+

Trends in quality

Average current trend in quality

Decreasing Decreasing
EU28 EU28+

Conservation and management needs

Maintaining traditional grazing systems, prescribed fires of low frequency. Preventing from pine and other conifers plantation.

List of conservation and management needs

  • Measures related to spatial planning
    • Establish protected areas/sites

Distribution

For each habitat a distribution map was produced from a wide variety of sources indicating known and potential occurrences of the habitat in 10x10 km grids within Europe. Occurrences in grid cells were given in two classes: actual distribution from relatively reliable sources (surveys, expert knowledge), and potential distribution based on models or less reliable indicators. Please download the fact sheet to see the map.

Geographic occurrence and trends

EU28 Present or presence uncertain Current area of habitat (Km2) Recent trend in quantity (last 50 years) Recent trend in quality (last 50 years)
Spain mainland Present 10009.22 Decreasing Decreasing
Balearic Islands Present 10009.22 Decreasing Decreasing
Sardinia Present 16,59 Decreasing Decreasing
Sicily Present 16,59 Decreasing Decreasing
France mainland Present Stable Stable
Corsica Present Stable Stable
Greece (mainland and other islands) Present - -
Crete Present - -
Portugal mainland Present - -
Italy mainland Present 16,59 Decreasing Decreasing
EU28 + Present or presence uncertain Current area of habitat (Km2) Recent trend in quantity (last 50 years) Recent trend in quality (last 50 years)

Extent of Occurrence, Area of Occupancy and habitat area

Extent of Occurrence (EOO) (Km2) Area of Occupancy (AOO) Current estimated Total Area Comment
EU28 575050 2299 >10000 Largely distributed in central and nortehrn Spain, southern France and W Italy
EU28+ 2299 >10000 Largely distributed in central and nortehrn Spain, southern France and W Italy
AOO = the area occupied by a habitat measured in number of 10x10 km grid cells.
EOO = the area (km2) of the envelope around all occurrences of a habitat (calculated by a minimum convex polygon).

Characteristic species

The full list of characteristic species and genus are available above from the Summary. The species available in the EUNIS database are shown here.
Conifers Juniperus thurifera
Flowering Plants Allium chrysonemum
Flowering Plants Aphyllanthes monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Arenaria vitoriana
Flowering Plants Artemisia alba
Flowering Plants Astragalus bourgaeanus
Flowering Plants Astragalus turolensis
Flowering Plants Centaurea alba
Flowering Plants Centaurea boissieri
Flowering Plants Centaurea emigrantis
Flowering Plants Centaurea gadorensis
Flowering Plants Centaurea monticola
Flowering Plants Cephalaria linearifolia
Flowering Plants Coronilla minima
Flowering Plants Dianthus algetanus
Flowering Plants Dianthus costae
Flowering Plants Echinospartum boissieri
Flowering Plants Erysimum favargeri
Flowering Plants Erysimum fitzii
Flowering Plants Euphorbia spinosa
Flowering Plants Genista cinerea
Flowering Plants Genista hispanica
Flowering Plants Genista lobelii
Flowering Plants Genista pseudopilosa
Flowering Plants Genista pumila
Flowering Plants Genista scorpius
Flowering Plants Genista teretifolia
Flowering Plants Helianthemum rossmaessleri
Flowering Plants Hippocrepis commutata
Flowering Plants Hippocrepis rupestris
Flowering Plants Hypericum coris
Flowering Plants Knautia subscaposa
Flowering Plants Lavandula angustifolia
Flowering Plants Lavandula latifolia
Flowering Plants Leucanthemum pallens
Flowering Plants Leucanthemum vulgare
Flowering Plants Linum campanulatum
Flowering Plants Nepeta hispanica
Flowering Plants Onobrychis reuteri
Flowering Plants Ptilostemon hispanicus
Flowering Plants Quercus faginea
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Quercus rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Ranunculus malessanus
Flowering Plants Salvia blancoana
Flowering Plants Salvia lavandulifolia
Flowering Plants Salvia oxyodon
Flowering Plants Satureja montana
Flowering Plants Scabiosa macropoda
Flowering Plants Scorzonera hirsuta
Flowering Plants Sideritis pungens
Flowering Plants Staehelina dubia
Flowering Plants Teucrium aragonense
Flowering Plants Teucrium lucidum
Flowering Plants Teucrium webbianum
Flowering Plants Thymelaea pubescens
Flowering Plants Thymus funkii
Flowering Plants Thymus mastigophorus
Flowering Plants Thymus membranaceus
Flowering Plants Thymus orospedanus
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Veronica tenuifolia
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus thurifera Conifers
Allium chrysonemum Flowering Plants
Aphyllanthes monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Arenaria vitoriana Flowering Plants
Artemisia alba Flowering Plants
Astragalus bourgaeanus Flowering Plants
Astragalus turolensis Flowering Plants
Centaurea alba Flowering Plants
Centaurea boissieri Flowering Plants
Centaurea emigrantis Flowering Plants
Centaurea gadorensis Flowering Plants
Centaurea monticola Flowering Plants
Cephalaria linearifolia Flowering Plants
Coronilla minima Flowering Plants
Dianthus algetanus Flowering Plants
Dianthus costae Flowering Plants
Echinospartum boissieri Flowering Plants
Erysimum favargeri Flowering Plants
Erysimum fitzii Flowering Plants
Euphorbia spinosa Flowering Plants
Genista cinerea Flowering Plants
Genista hispanica Flowering Plants
Genista lobelii Flowering Plants
Genista pseudopilosa Flowering Plants
Genista pumila Flowering Plants
Genista scorpius Flowering Plants
Genista teretifolia Flowering Plants
Helianthemum rossmaessleri Flowering Plants
Hippocrepis commutata Flowering Plants
Hippocrepis rupestris Flowering Plants
Hypericum coris Flowering Plants
Knautia subscaposa Flowering Plants
Lavandula angustifolia Flowering Plants
Lavandula latifolia Flowering Plants
Leucanthemum pallens Flowering Plants
Leucanthemum vulgare Flowering Plants
Linum campanulatum Flowering Plants
Nepeta hispanica Flowering Plants
Onobrychis reuteri Flowering Plants
Ptilostemon hispanicus Flowering Plants
Quercus faginea Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Quercus rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Ranunculus malessanus Flowering Plants
Salvia blancoana Flowering Plants
Salvia lavandulifolia Flowering Plants
Salvia oxyodon Flowering Plants
Satureja montana Flowering Plants
Scabiosa macropoda Flowering Plants
Scorzonera hirsuta Flowering Plants
Sideritis pungens Flowering Plants
Staehelina dubia Flowering Plants
Teucrium aragonense Flowering Plants
Teucrium lucidum Flowering Plants
Teucrium webbianum Flowering Plants
Thymelaea pubescens Flowering Plants
Thymus funkii Flowering Plants
Thymus mastigophorus Flowering Plants
Thymus membranaceus Flowering Plants
Thymus orospedanus Flowering Plants
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Veronica tenuifolia Flowering Plants

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Other classifications

This habitat may be equivalent to, or broather than, or narrower than the habitats or ecosystems in the following typologies.
Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F6.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues same
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