Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code EE0040002)
  • Under Habitats Directive
  • Since April 2004
  • Country: Estonia
  • Administrative region: Eesti (EE00)
  • Surface area: 2540 km2 (253958.90 ha)
  • Marine area: 83%
  • Located in Boreal and Marine Baltic biogeographical regions
  • It protects 23 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 38 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (23)
Species group Number
Fishes 4
Flowering Plants 6
Invertebrates 6
Mammals 4
Mosses & Liverworts 3

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
1110 Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time 14670
1130 Estuaries 5578
1140 Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide 3429
1150 Coastal lagoons 845
1160 Large shallow inlets and bays 6287
1170 Reefs 2359
1210 Annual vegetation of drift lines 102
1220 Perennial vegetation of stony banks 73
1230 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Atlantic and Baltic Coasts 3
1310 Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand 126
1620 Boreal Baltic islets and small islands 734
1630 Boreal Baltic coastal meadows 6071
1640 Boreal Baltic sandy beaches with perennial vegetation 4
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 0
4030 European dry heaths 91
5130 Juniperus communis formations on heaths or calcareous grasslands 914
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 515
6270 Fennoscandian lowland species-rich dry to mesic grasslands 570
6280 Nordic alvar and precambrian calcareous flatrocks 2108
6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae) 190
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 773
6450 Northern boreal alluvial meadows 4402
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 743
6530 Fennoscandian wooded meadows 392
7110 Active raised bogs 4
7160 Fennoscandian mineral-rich springs and springfens 5
7210 Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and species of the Caricion davallianae 137
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 0
7230 Alkaline fens 941
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 3
9010 Western Taïga 747
9020 Fennoscandian hemiboreal natural old broad-leaved deciduous forests Quercus, Tilia, Acer, Fraxinus or Ulmus) rich in epiphytes 1262
9050 Fennoscandian herb-rich forests with Picea abies 3
9070 Fennoscandian wooded pastures 661
9080 Fennoscandian deciduous swamp woods 3081
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 3
91D0 Bog woodland 12
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 4

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Not under Birds directive
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
April 2004
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
November 2007
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) July 2010
Date of Standard data form update December 2010

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100