Montaña Central de León

Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code ES4130050)
  • Under Habitats Directive
  • Since July 2000
  • Country: Spain
  • Administrative region: Castilla y León (ES41)
  • Surface area: 346 km2 (34608.33 ha)
  • Marine area: 0%
  • Located in Atlantic biogeographical region
  • It protects 19 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 34 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (19)
Species group Number
Amphibians 1
Fishes 1
Flowering Plants 5
Invertebrates 3
Mammals 7
Reptiles 2

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
3110 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains (Littorelletalia uniflorae) 0.38
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation 0.35
3160 Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds 0.58
3220 Alpine rivers and the herbaceous vegetation along their banks 29.7
3240 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Salix elaeagnos 22.66
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 26.02
4020 Temperate Atlantic wet heaths with Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix 18.97
4030 European dry heaths 7267.45
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths 1235.97
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse 2394.05
5120 Mountain Cytisus purgans formations 5610.98
6110 Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi 3.43
6160 Oro-Iberian Festuca indigesta grasslands 750.51
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands 1442.76
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 1167.66
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) 318.34
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 61.3
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 1218.74
7110 Active raised bogs 22.26
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs 51.5
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 1.7
7230 Alkaline fens 6.56
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree 529.8
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 795.91
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 45.95
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii 244.78
8310 Caves not open to the public 344
9120 Atlantic acidophilous beech forests with Ilex and sometimes also Taxus in the shrublayer (Quercion robori-petraeae or Ilici-Fagenion) 359.55
9150 Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion 450.39
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 222.75
9230 Galicio-Portuguese oak woods with Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica 1884.43
9240 Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis Iberian woods 99.89
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests 86.2
9560 Endemic forests with Juniperus spp 39.5

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Not under Birds directive
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
July 2000
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
Not available
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) September 2015
Date of Standard data form update October 2015

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100