Le Mercantour

Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code FR9301559)
  • Under Habitats Directive
  • Since April 2002
  • Country: France
  • Administrative region: Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (FR82)
  • Surface area: 679 km2 (67947.00 ha)
  • Marine area: 0%
  • Located in Alpine and Mediterranean biogeographical regions
  • It protects 25 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 34 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (25)
Species group Number
Amphibians 1
Flowering Plants 4
Invertebrates 7
Mammals 10
Mosses & Liverworts 3

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
3130 Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or of the Isoeto-Nanojuncetea 680.73
3220 Alpine rivers and the herbaceous vegetation along their banks 107
3230 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Myricaria germanica 13
3240 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Salix elaeagnos 37
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths 4894
4070 Bushes with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum (Mugo-Rhododendretum hirsuti) 20
4080 Sub-Arctic Salix spp scrub 9
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse 680.73
5110 Stable xero-thermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion pp) 680.73
5130 Juniperus communis formations on heaths or calcareous grasslands 680.73
5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp 80
6150 Siliceous alpine and boreal grasslands 652
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands 7179
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 514
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) 3056
6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae) 1361.46
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 204
6520 Mountain hay meadows 201
7110 Active raised bogs 1
7230 Alkaline fens 66
7240 Alpine pioneer formations of the Caricion bicoloris-atrofuscae 46
8110 Siliceous scree of the montane to snow levels (Androsacetalia alpinae and Galeopsietalia ladani) 4553
8120 Calcareous and calcshist screes of the montane to alpine levels (Thlaspietea rotundifolii) 6610
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree 482
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 66
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 45
8310 Caves not open to the public 0
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 10
9260 Castanea sativa woods 680.73
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests 680.73
9410 Acidophilous Picea forests of the montane to alpine levels (Vaccinio-Piceetea) 1142
9420 Alpine Larix decidua and/or Pinus cembra forests 4967
9430 Subalpine and montane Pinus uncinata forests (* if on gypsum or limestone) 1
9560 Endemic forests with Juniperus spp 36

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Not under Birds directive
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
April 2002
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
December 2003
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) January 2014
Date of Standard data form update November 2017

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100