Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Cypriniformes > Family: Cyprinidae > Genus: Pelecus > Species: Pelecus cultratus

Knife - Pelecus cultratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Black Sea - Poor
Boreal - Good
Continental - Bad
Pannonian - Poor
Steppic - Poor
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 3 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 108 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
May also occur in
  • coastal
  • marine inlets and transitional waters
Natura 2000 species code 2522


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
HUBF30002 Hungary Balaton Map
LV0301700 Latvia Piejura Map
LV0302200 Latvia Salacas ieleja Map
LV0521500 Latvia Ovisi Map
LV0523400 Latvia Ances purvi un mezi Map
SKCHVU016 Slovakia Zahorske Pomoravie Map
PLH220044 Poland Ostoja w Ujściu Wisły Map
SI3000215 Slovenia Mura Map
LTSIU0012 Lithuania Kuršių marios Map
ROSCI0131 Romania Oltenița - Mostiștea - Chiciu Map
SKUEV0293 Slovakia Klucovske rameno Map
LV0304100 Latvia Bauska Map
HUDD20054 Hungary Nyugat-Dráva Map
BG0000396 Bulgaria Persina Map
HUFH20002 Hungary Fertő tó Map
BG0000232 Bulgaria Batin Map
HUDI20034 Hungary Duna és ártere Map
PLH220037 Poland Dolina Stropnej Map
ROSCI0071 Romania Dumbrăveni - Valea Urluia - Lacul Vederoasa Map
BG0000533 Bulgaria Ostrovi Kozloduy Map
BG0000534 Bulgaria Ostrov Chayka Map
SKUEV0006 Slovakia Latorica Map
ROSCI0012 Romania Brațul Măcin Map
HUHN20001 Hungary Felső-Tisza Map
HUHN20003 Hungary Tisza-tó Map
PLH280007 Poland Zalew Wiślany i Mierzeja Wiślana Map
ROSCI0213 Romania Râul Prut Map
BG0000241 Bulgaria Srebarna Map
ROSCI0044 Romania Corabia - Turnu Măgurele Map
ROSCI0006 Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei Map
BG0000377 Bulgaria Kalimok - Brashlen Map
CZ0624119 Czech Republic Soutok - Podluží Map
HUDD20007 Hungary Kelet-Dráva Map
HUKM20016 Hungary Sebes-Körös Map
ROSCI0206 Romania Porțile de Fier Map
HUDD20032 Hungary Gemenc Map
HUKM20012 Hungary Fekete-, Fehér- és Kettős-Körös Map
BG0000335 Bulgaria Karaboaz Map
SKUEV0270 Slovakia Hrusov Map
BG0000199 Bulgaria Tsibar Map
BG0000613 Bulgaria Reka Iskar Map
PLH220023 Poland Ostoja Słowińska Map
HUDD20045 Hungary Béda-Karapancsa Map
BG0000532 Bulgaria Ostrov Bliznatsi Map
HUHN20015 Hungary Közép-Tisza Map
ROSCI0039 Romania Ciuperceni - Desa Map
BG0000181 Bulgaria Reka Vit Map
BG0000497 Bulgaria Archar Map
SKUEV0090 Slovakia Dunajske luhy Map
LV0524600 Latvia Jaunciems Map
BG0000182 Bulgaria Orsoya Map
SKUEV0393 Slovakia Dunaj Map
BG0002018 Bulgaria Ostrov Vardim Map
BG0000334 Bulgaria Ostrov Map
ROSCI0065 Romania Delta Dunării Map
HUKN20031 Hungary Alsó-Tisza hullámtér Map
PLH320019 Poland Wolin i Uznam Map
ROSCI0105 Romania Lunca Joasă a Prutului Map
HUDD20056 Hungary Közép-Dráva Map
SKUEV0182 Slovakia Cicovske luhy Map
BG0000614 Bulgaria Reka Ogosta Map
HUKM20008 Hungary Maros Map
ROSCI0172 Romania Pădurea și Valea Canaraua Fetii - Iortmac Map
PLH320017 Poland Trzebiatowsko-Kołobrzeski Pas Nadmorski Map
SKUEV0314 Slovakia Morava Map
BG0000610 Bulgaria Reka Yantra Map
ROSCI0045 Romania Coridorul Jiului Map
BG0000530 Bulgaria Pozharevo - Garvan Map
ROSCI0022 Romania Canaralele Dunării Map
ROSCI0149 Romania Pădurea Eseschioi - Lacul Bugeac Map
LV0518300 Latvia Vecdaugava Map
ROSCI0064 Romania Defileul Mureșului Map
ROSCI0108 Romania Lunca Mureșului Inferior Map
PLH320018 Poland Ujście Odry i Zalew Szczeciński Map
PLH220033 Poland Dolna Wisła Map
ROSCI0162 Romania Lunca Siretului Inferior Map
HUKM20017 Hungary Hármas-Körös Map
BG0000498 Bulgaria Vidbol Map
BG0000529 Bulgaria Marten - Ryahovo Map
ROSCI0132 Romania Oltul Mijlociu - Cibin - Hârtibaciu Map
LTKLAB010 Lithuania Kuršių marios Map
AT1218000 Austria Machland Süd Map
AT1220000 Austria Feuchte Ebene - Leithaauen Map
AT1205A00 Austria Wachau Map
AT3122000 Austria Oberes Donau- und Aschachtal Map
AT1219000 Austria Niederösterreichische Alpenvorlandflüsse Map
AT1110137 Austria Neusiedler See - Nordöstliches Leithagebirge Map
AT1217A00 Austria Strudengau - Nibelungengau Map
AT1216000 Austria Tullnerfelder Donau-Auen Map
AT1202000 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
AT1204000 Austria Donau-Auen östlich von Wien Map
ROSCI0329 Romania Oltul Superior Map
ROSCI0370 Romania Râul Mureș între Lipova și Păuliș Map
BG0000631 Bulgaria Novo selo Map
HR5000014 Croatia Gornji tok Drave Map
HR2001308 Croatia Donji tok Drave Map
HR2000394 Croatia Kopački rit Map
HR2000364 Croatia Mura Map
HR2000372 Croatia Dunav - Vukovar Map
HR5000015 Croatia Srednji tok Drave Map
HR2001309 Croatia Dunav S od Kopačkog rita Map
AT3132000 Austria Machland Nord Map
SKUEV0819 Slovakia Vazsky Dunaj Map
SKUEV2393 Slovakia Dunaj Map
SKUEV0846 Slovakia Tisa Map
SKUEV2064 Slovakia Bratislavske luhy Map
SKUEV2090 Slovakia Dunajske luhy Map
SKUEV0822 Slovakia Maly Dunaj Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Chekhon' Russian Fishbase
Ciosa Polish Fishbase
Garda Hungarian Fishbase
kaze Latvian Latvian NRC
Knife English Fishbase
Miekkasärki Finnish Fishbase
Ostrucha krivocará Czech Fishbase
Peixe-sabre Portuguese Fishbase
Razorfish English Fishbase
Sabbitza Bulgarian Fishbase
Sabelkarpe Danish Fishbase
Sabelkarpe Norwegian Fishbase
Sabita Romanian Fishbase
Sabitza Bulgarian Fishbase
Sabljarka Serbian Fishbase
Sabrefish English Fishbase
Sichling German Fishbase
Skärkniv Swedish Fishbase
Tschekhon Russian Fishbase
Ziege Dutch Fishbase
Ziege English Fishbase
Ziege German Fishbase
Synonym Author
Cyprinus cultratus Linnaeus, 1758
Clupea ziga Wulff, 1765

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

21 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2014-01-07 Hungary HU_Art_17_report_2013_second round_10_31 HU_species_report_art17
2014-01-04 Romania RO Art.17 2007-2012 Report from 31 December 2013 RO_species_reports.xml
2013-12-30 Lithuania Third LT report on Art.17,2007-2012 LT_species_reports-131230-135438.xml
2013-12-27 Bulgaria BG_habitats_report_2007-2012 Species reports
2013-12-20 Germany German national report 2013 DE_species_reports.xml
2013-12-17 Slovakia Art 17 report for the period 2007 - 2012 - second delivery SK_species_reports-131217-132945.xml
2013-12-16 Slovenia SI_Article_17_Report_2013_2nd_submission SI_species_reports-131216-13555.xml
2013-12-09 Poland Habitats Directive Art. 17 Report PL_species_reports.xml
2013-10-18 Latvia LATVIA_2007-2012 LV_species_reports-131018-113252.xml
2013-10-11 Austria Art 17 HD AT_species_reports-13916-161758.xml
2013-10-07 Finland Habitat directive reporting (FI) 2007-2012 FI_species_reports.xml
2013-08-23 Czechia CZ_Rep_HDArt17_2013_2nd_submission:corrected CZ_species_reports.xml
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Pelecus cultratus
2008-03-21 Slovenia Article 17 Report Pelecus cultratus
2008-03-04 Hungary delivery_report_art_17_HU Pelecus cultratus
2008-03-03 Lithuania Buveiniu direktyvos igyvendinimo ataskaita Species questionnaire for Pelecus cultratus
2008-02-22 Slovakia report under habitats directive Pelecus cultratus
2008-02-22 Austria Article 17 report Austria Species questionnaire for Pelecus cultratus
2007-10-02 Latvia LATVIA 2001-2006 Pelecus cultratus
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Pelecus cultratus
2007-10-01 Czechia Species and Habitats Species questionnaire for Pelecus cultratus
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100