Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Cypriniformes > Family: Cyprinidae > Genus: Phoxinus > Species: Phoxinus phoxinus

Common minnow - Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS, see also fact sheet
Natura 2000 species code 5785


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Äling Swedish Fishbase
Amarante French Fishbase
Arlequin French Fishbase
Blutelritze German Fishbase
Boet Romanian Fishbase
Boisca Romanian Fishbase
Boiste Romanian Fishbase
Boistean Romanian Fishbase
Charbonnier French Fishbase
Cippa French Fishbase
Common minnow English Fishbase
Craesc Romanian Fishbase
Craet Romanian Fishbase
Crai Romanian Fishbase
Cuzeau French Fishbase
Edling French Fishbase
Elrits Danish Fishbase
Elrits Dutch Fishbase
Elritsa Swedish Fishbase
Elritse Danish Fishbase
Elritze German Fishbase
Fürge cselle Hungarian Fishbase
Gagica Serbian Fishbase
Garlesco French Fishbase
Gol'yan-krasavka Russian Fishbase
Goljan Russian Fishbase
Golyan obyknovennyi Russian Fishbase
Grisette French Fishbase
Kvidd Swedish Fishbase
Leshanka Bulgarian Fishbase
Libin Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Minnow English Fishbase
Mutu Finnish Fishbase
Orekyte Norwegian Fishbase
Pescardo Spanish Fishbase
Petit blanc French Fishbase
Pfelle German Fishbase
Pfrille German Fishbase
Pisanec Slovenian Fishbase
Piscardo Spanish Fishbase
Sanguinerola Italian Fishbase
Scrofita Romanian Fishbase
Skort pellgjesh Albanian Fishbase
Sprille French Fishbase
Strevle potocni Czech Fishbase
Strzebla potokowa Polish Fishbase
Vairon French Fishbase
Veirou French Fishbase
Verdete Romanian Fishbase
Verdou French Fishbase
Véricle French Fishbase
Verzisoara Romanian Fishbase
Voiron French Fishbase
Wetling French Fishbase
Zlatica Macedonian Fishbase
Ørekyt Norwegian Fishbase
Synonym Author
Cyprinus phoxinus Linnaeus, 1758
Phoxinus laevis Fitzinger, 1832
Phoxinus varius Perty, 1832
Leuciscus phoxinus Valenciennes, 1844
Phoxinus montanus Ogérien, 1863
Cyprinus aphya Linnaeus, 1758
Cyprinus rivularis Pallas, 1773
Cyprinus morella Leske, 1774
Cyprinus isetensis Georgi, 1775
Cyprinus galian Gmelin, 1788
Cyprinus chrysoprasius Pallas, 1814
Phoxinus marsilii Heckel, 1836
Cyprinus lumaireul Nordmann, 1840
Phoxinus saposchnikowi Kashchenko, 1899
Phoxinus phoxinus colchicus Berg, 1910
Phoxinus csikii Hankó, 1922
Phoxinus phoxinus strandjae Drensky, 1926
Phoxinus phoxinus carpathicus Popescu-Gorj & Dumitriu, 1950
Phoxinus laevis balchaschana Kessler, 1879
Phoxinus laevis ujmonensis Kaschenko, 1899
Phoxinus laevis mikorsquamatus Kaschenko, 1899
Phoxinus czekanowskii sedelnikowi Berg, 1908
Leuciscus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Salmo rivularis Pallas, 1773
Phoxinus rivularis (Pallas, 1773)
Phoxinus sedelnikowi Berg, 1908
Phoxinus lagowskii sedelnikowi Berg, 1908
Phoxinus phoxinus ujmonensis Kashchenko, 1899
Cyprinus lumaireul Schinz, 1840
Phoxynus montanus Ogérien, 1863
Phoxinus laevis mikrosquamatus Kashchenko, 1899
Phoxinus phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100