Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Cyprinodontiformes > Family: Poeciliidae > Genus: Gambusia > Species: Gambusia affinis

Mosquito fish - Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard, 1853)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)
Natura 2000 species code 5653

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Least Concern


Not evaluated


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Barkaleci Albanian Fishbase
Gambusia Danish Fishbase
Gambusia Italian Fishbase
Gambúsia Portuguese Fishbase
Gambusia Romanian Fishbase
Gambusie French Fishbase
Gambusino Spanish Fishbase
Gambuzia pospolita Polish Fishbase
Gambuzija Russian Fishbase
Koboldkärpfling German Fishbase
Mosquito fish English Fishbase
Mosquitofish English Fishbase
Obyknovennaya gambuziya Russian Fishbase
Silberkärpfling German Fishbase
Texaskärpfling German Fishbase
Synonym Author
Gambusia gracilis Girard 1859
Heterandria affinis Baird & Girard 1853
Gambusia humilis Günther, 1866
Gambusia patruelis (Baird & Girard, 1853)
Heterandria patruelis Baird & Girard, 1853
Zygonectes brachypterus Cope, 1880
Zygonectes gracilis (Girard, 1859)
Zygonectes inurus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
Zygonectes patruelis (Baird & Girard, 1853)
Gambusia affinis affinis (Baird & Girard, 1853)
Fundulus inurus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Haplochilus melanops Cope, 1870

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Gambusia affinis European Network on Invasive Alien Species
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100