Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Gasterosteiformes > Family: Gasterosteidae > Genus: Pungitius > Species: Pungitius pungitius > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Pungitius pungitius tymensis Nikolskii, 1889 Fishbase (2002)

Nine-spined stickleback - Pungitius pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Natura 2000 species code 5809

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Cierniczek Polish Fishbase
Devyatiiglaya kolyushka Russian Fishbase
Épinoche à neuf épines French Fishbase
Épinochette French Fishbase
Espinho Portuguese Fishbase
Kleiner stichling German Fishbase
Kücükdikence baligi Turkish Fishbase
Kymmenpiikki Finnish Fishbase
Malaja koliushka Russian Fishbase
Marichaud French Fishbase
Neunstacheliger stichling German Fishbase
Nine-spined stickleback English Fishbase
Nine-spined stikleback English Fishbase
Nipigget hundestejle Danish Fishbase
Nipigget stingsild Norwegian Fishbase
Osar Romanian Fishbase
Småspigg Swedish Fishbase
Småstikling Norwegian Fishbase
Snathaid mhara Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Ten-spined stikleback English Fishbase
Tiendoornige stekelbaars Dutch Fishbase
Zwergstichling German Fishbase
Synonym Author
Gasterosteus pungitius Linnaeus, 1758
Gasterosteus occidentalis Cuvier, 1829
Gasterosteus concinnus Richardson, 1836
Gasterosteus mainensis Storer, 1843
Gasterosteus dekayi Agassiz, 1850
Gasterosteus globiceps Sauvage, 1874
Gasteracanthus pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gasterosteus nebulosus Agassiz, 1850
Gasterosteus burgundianus (non Blanchard, 1866)
Gasterosteus blanchardi Sauvage, 1874
Gasterosteus pungitius brachypoda Bean, 1879
Gasterosteus pungitia burgundianus (non Blanchard, 1866)
Pygosteus pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pungitius pungitius pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pygosteus pungitius trachura Bertin, 1925
Pygosteus pungitius semiarmata Bertin, 1925
Pygosteus pungitius carinata Bertin, 1925
Pygosteus pungitius brachypoda (Bean, 1879)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Pungitius pungitius European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100