Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Mugiliformes > Family: Mugilidae > Genus: Mugil > Species: Mugil cephalus

Black true mullet - Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Natura 2000 species code 5734

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Albur Spanish Fishbase
Black true mullet English Fishbase
Bullûa Spanish Fishbase
Cabeçut Spanish Fishbase
Cabezudo Spanish Fishbase
Cabot French Fishbase
Cachamba Spanish Fishbase
Cap pla Spanish Fishbase
Capitán Spanish Fishbase
Capiton Spanish Fishbase
Carida French Fishbase
Caridou French Fishbase
Cefalo Italian Fishbase
Cefalo mazzone Italian Fishbase
Cephalos Greek Fishbase
Chefal Romanian Fishbase
Cipal glavas Serbian Fishbase
Cipli Serbian Fishbase
Common grey mullet English Fishbase
Diklipharder Dutch Fishbase
Flathead grey mullet English Fishbase
Flathead mullet English Fishbase
Galupe Spanish Fishbase
Gemeine Meeräsche German Fishbase
Gewöhnliche Meeräsche German Fishbase
Glavati cipelj Slovenian Fishbase
Gorßkopf German Fishbase
Grossköpfige Meeräsche German Fishbase
Haarder English Fishbase
Harder German Fishbase
Haskefal baligi Turkish Fishbase
Iliça de cap gros Spanish Fishbase
Iliça sabada Spanish Fishbase
Ilissa lobarrera Spanish Fishbase
Juovakeltti Finnish Fishbase
Kaplat Maltese Fishbase
Kefal Turkish Fishbase
Keffal Bulgarian Fishbase
Laban Romanian Fishbase
Lisa Spanish Fishbase
Lisa común Spanish Fishbase
Lisa pardete Spanish Fishbase
Lizarra Spanish Fishbase
Loban Russian Fishbase
Meuil French Fishbase
Morski cefal Bulgarian Fishbase
Muge à groose tête French Fishbase
Muge cabot French Fishbase
Mugem Portuguese Fishbase
Muggine Italian Fishbase
Mugil Spanish Fishbase
Mugil australijski Polish Fishbase
Mugil cefal Polish Fishbase
Mugil común Spanish Fishbase
Mugo fangous French Fishbase
Mujol Spanish Fishbase
Mule Spanish Fishbase
Mulet French Fishbase
Mulet à grosse tête French Fishbase
Mulet cabot French Fishbase
Mulet-cabot French Fishbase
Mulett Maltese Fishbase
Mulett ta' l'iswed Maltese Fishbase
Multe Danish Fishbase
Multe Norwegian Fishbase
Muxo Spanish Fishbase
Pardete Spanish Fishbase
Pordete Spanish Fishbase
Qefulli i veres Albanian Fishbase
Röndungur Icelandic Fishbase
Sea mullet English Fishbase
Springer English Fishbase
Storhovad multe Swedish Fishbase
Storhovedet multe Danish Fishbase
Striped mullet English Fishbase
Tainha-olhalvo Portuguese Fishbase
Testard French Fishbase
Testu French Fishbase
Tjockläppad multe Swedish Fishbase
Synonym Author
Mugil provensalis Risso, 1810
Mugil ashanteënsis Bleeker, 1863
Mugil cephalotus Valenciennes, 1836
Mugil cephalus ashanteensis Bleeker, 1863
Mugil cephalus cephalus Linnaeus, 1758
Mugil chaptalii Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850
Mugil dobula Günther, 1861
Mugil galapagensis Ebeling, 1961
Mugil japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1845
Mugil oeür Forsskål, 1775
Myxus caecutiens Günther, 1876
Mugil öur Forsskål, 1775
Mugil tang Bloch, 1794
Mugil vulpinus Nardo, 1847
Mugil crenilabis our Forsskål, 1775
Mugil galapagensis (non Ebeling, 1961)
Mugil chaptalii (non Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850)
Myxus barnardi Gilchrist & Thompson, 1914
Mugil albula Linnaeus, 1766
Mugil perusii (non Valenciennes, 1836)
Mugil lineatus Valenciennes, 1836
Myxus superficialis Klunzinger, 1870
Mugil gelatinosus Klunzinger, 1872
Mugil occidentalis Castelnau, 1873
Mugil grandis Castelnau, 1879
Mugil muelleri Klunzinger, 1880
Mugil hypselosoma Ogilby, 1897
Myxus pacificus Steindachner, 1900
Mugil mexicanus Steindachner, 1876
Mugil mulleri Klunzinger, 1880

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100