Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Laridae > Genus: Larus > Species: Larus michahellis

Larus michahellis Naumann, 1840

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 319 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
  • marine inlets and transitional waters
Natura 2000 species code A604


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE3437401 Germany Elbaue Jerichow Map
DE4531401 Germany Helmestausee Berga-Kelbra (Anteil Sachsen-Anhalt) Map
DE4536401 Germany Salziger See und Salzatal Map
DE4831401 Germany Gera-Unstrut-Niederung um Straußfurt Map
DE5336401 Germany Plothener Teiche Map
DE5818401 Germany Main bei Mühlheim und NSG 'Rumpenheimer und Bürgeler Kiesgruben' Map
DE6013401 Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim Map
DE6316401 Germany Lampertheimer Altrhein Map
DE8423401 Germany Bayerischer Bodensee Map
ES0000004 Spain Lagunas de Villafáfila Map
ES0000030 Spain Complejo Endorreico de Puerto Real Map
ES0000037 Spain Es Trenc - Salobrar de Campos Map
ES0000073 Spain Costa Brava de Mallorca Map
ES0000074 Spain Cap de cala Figuera Map
ES0000078 Spain Es Vedrà - Es Vedranell Map
ES0000081 Spain Cap Enderrocat - Cap Blanc Map
ES0000082 Spain Tagomago Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000134 Spain Embalse de las Cañas Map
ES0000145 Spain Mondragó Map
ES0000184 Spain Valle del Tiétar - ZEPA Map
ES0000189 Spain Campo Azálvaro - Pinares de Peguerinos - ZEPA Map
ES0000191 Spain Embalse del Ebro Map
ES0000216 Spain La Nava-Campos Sur Map
ES0000221 Spain Sa Dragonera Map
ES0000222 Spain La Trapa Map
ES0000229 Spain Costa Nord de Ciutadella Map
ES0000230 Spain La Vall Map
ES0000231 Spain Dels Alocs a Fornells Map
ES0000232 Spain La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells Map
ES0000233 Spain D'Addaia a s'Albufera Map
ES0000234 Spain S'Albufera des Grau Map
ES0000329 Spain Embalse de Valdecañas Map
ES0000359 Spain Campos de Alba Map
ES1200022 Spain Playa de Vega Map
ES1200047 Spain Yacimientos de Icnitas Map
ES4130003 Spain Picos de Europa en Castilla y León Map
ES4140036 Spain La Nava-Campos Norte Map
ES5310023 Spain Illots de Ponent d'Eivissa Map
ES5310024 Spain La Mola Map
ES5310025 Spain Cap de Barbaria Map
ES6110001 Spain Albufera de Adra Map
ES6120001 Spain Cola del Embalse de Arcos Map
ES6120002 Spain Cola del Embalse de Bornos Map
ES6120014 Spain Laguna de Las Canteras y El Tejón Map
FR2110001 France Lacs de la forêt d'Orient Map
FR2110002 France Lac du Der Map
FR2110091 France Étang de la Horre Map
FR2112001 France Herbages et cultures des vallées de la Voire, de l'Héronne et de la Laines Map
FR2112002 France Herbages et cultures autour du lac du Der Map
FR2112003 France Étangs de Belval et d'Etoges Map
FR2112004 France Confluence des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers Map
FR2112009 France Étangs d'Argonne Map
FR2410003 France Brenne Map
FR2410017 France Vallée de la Loire du Loiret Map
FR2612002 France Vallée de la Loire de Iguerande à Decize Map
FR4110007 France Lac de Madine et étangs de Pannes Map
FR4110060 France Etang de Lachaussée et zones voisines Map
FR4211810 France Vallée du Rhin de Strasbourg à Marckolsheim Map
FR4211811 France Vallée du Rhin de Lauterbourg à Strasbourg Map
FR4211812 France Vallée du Rhin d'Artzenheim à Village-Neuf Map
FR4213813 France Ried de Colmar à Sélestat, Haut-Rhin Map
FR4310027 France Vallons de la Drésine et de la Bonavette Map
FR5210008 France Lac de Grand Lieu Map
FR5210115 France Basses vallées angevines et prairies de la Baumette Map
FR5410012 France Fier d'Ars et fosse de Loix Map
FR5410013 France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves, marais de Rochefort Map
FR5410100 France Marais poitevin Map
FR5412012 France Bonne Anse, marais de Bréjat et de Saint Augustin Map
FR5412025 France Estuaire et basse vallée de la Charente Map
FR7210063 France Domaine d'Orx Map
FR7210065 France Marais du Nord Médoc Map
FR7212001 France Site d'Arjuzanx Map
FR8210018 France Delta de la Dranse Map
FR8210041 France Les Ramières du Val de Drôme Map
FR8212010 France Printegarde Map
FR8310066 France Monts et Plomb du Cantal Map
FR8310079 France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais Map
FR9110034 France Étang du Bagnas Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
FR9310020 France Iles d'Hyères Map
FR9310064 France Crau Map
FR9310069 France Garrigues de Lançon et Chaînes alentour Map
FR9310110 France Plaine des Maures Map
FR9312001 France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône Map
FR9312003 France La Durance Map
FR9312005 France Salines de l'Étang de Berre Map
FR9312007 France Iles Marseillaises - Cassidaigne Map
FR9312008 France Salins d'Hyères et des Pesquiers Map
FR9312009 France Plateau de l'Arbois Map
FR9410096 France Iles Sanguinaires, golfe d'Ajaccio Map
FR9410097 France Iles Finocchiarola et Côte Nord Map
IT1331019 Italy Lago Brugneto Map
IT2010012 Italy Brughiera del Dosso Map
IT2020003 Italy Palude di Albate Map
IT2020005 Italy Lago di Alserio Map
IT2020006 Italy Lago di Pusiano Map
IT20B0001 Italy Bosco Foce Oglio Map
IT20B0006 Italy Isola Boscone Map
IT20B0008 Italy Paludi di Ostiglia Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT20B0010 Italy Vallazza Map
IT20B0012 Italy Complesso morenico di Castellaro Lagusello Map
IT3210003 Italy Laghetto del Frassino Map
IT3250031 Italy Laguna superiore di Venezia Map
IT3310009 Italy Magredi del Cellina Map
IT3320026 Italy Risorgive dello Stella Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
IT4020021 Italy Medio Taro Map
IT4030007 Italy Fontanili di Corte Valle Re Map
IT4030020 Italy Golena del Po di Gualtieri, Guastalla e Luzzara Map
IT4040014 Italy Valli Mirandolesi Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4050023 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Budrio e Minerbio Map
IT4050024 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella Map
IT4050025 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Crevalcore Map
IT4050026 Italy Bacini ex-zuccherificio di Argelato e Golena del Fiume Reno Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060003 Italy Vene di Bellocchio, Sacca di Bellocchio, Foce del Fiume Reno, Pineta di Bellocchio Map
IT4060004 Italy Valle Bertuzzi, Valle Porticino - Canneviè Map
IT4060005 Italy Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Valle Dindona, Foce del Po di Volano Map
IT4060008 Italy Valle del Mezzano Map
IT4060015 Italy Bosco della Mesola, Bosco Panfilia, Bosco di Santa Giustina, Valle Falce, La Goara Map
IT4070001 Italy Punte Alberete, Valle Mandriole Map
IT4070004 Italy Pialasse Baiona, Risega e Pontazzo Map
IT4070007 Italy Salina di Cervia Map
IT4070009 Italy Ortazzo, Ortazzino, Foce del Torrente Bevano Map
IT51A0013 Italy Padule della Trappola, Bocca d'Ombrone Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
ITA030023 Italy Isola di Alicudi Map
ITA030024 Italy Isola di Filicudi Map
ITA030026 Italy Isole di Stromboli e Strombolicchio Map
ITA030029 Italy Isola di Salina (Stagno di Lingua) Map
ITA040001 Italy Isola di Linosa Map
ITA040002 Italy Isola di Lampedusa e Lampione Map
PTDES0001 Portugal Ilhas Desertas Map
PTMAD0001 Portugal Laurissilva da Madeira Map
PTMAD0003 Portugal Ponta de S. Lourenço Map
PTMAD0005 Portugal Achadas da Cruz Map
PTMAD0006 Portugal Moledos - Madalena do Mar Map
PTMAD0007 Portugal Pináculo Map
PTPOR0001 Portugal Ilhéus do Porto Santo Map
PTPOR0002 Portugal Pico Branco - Porto Santo Map
PTSEL0001 Portugal Ilhas Selvagens Map
PTZPE0015 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTZPE0017 Portugal Ria Formosa Map
PTZPE0050 Portugal Cabo Espichel Map
FR5212010 France Dunes, forêt et marais d'Olonne Map
FR8312007 France Sologne bourbonnaise Map
ITA030027 Italy Isola di Vulcano Map
ITA030025 Italy Isola di Panarea e Scogli Viciniori Map
IT2080703 Italy Po di Pieve Porto Morone Map
IT9310034 Italy Isola di Dino Map
FR8312002 France Haut Val d'Allier Map
ITA040013 Italy Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre Map
FR4112009 France Forêts et étangs d'Argonne et vallée de l'Ornain Map
FR9312015 France Étangs entre Istres et Fos Map
FR5212001 France Marais de Goulaine Map
DE7744471 Germany Salzach und Inn Map
IT9310037 Italy Isola di Cirella Map
IT4020025 Italy Parma Morta Map
FR7212014 France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais Map
FR9312012 France Plateau de Valensole Map
FR7212002 France Rochers de Biarritz : le Bouccalot et la Roche ronde Map
FR5212002 France Vallée de la Loire de Nantes aux Ponts-de-Cé et ses annexes Map
IT2080702 Italy Po di Monticelli Pavese e Chignolo Po Map
IT9330087 Italy Lago La Vota Map
FR2112012 France Marigny, Superbe, vallée de l'Aube Map
IT2090501 Italy Senna Lodigiana Map
IT2080701 Italy Po da Albaredo Arnaboldi ad Arena Po Map
FR9112013 France Petite Camargue laguno-marine Map
IT20B0401 Italy Parco Regionale Oglio Sud Map
ITA030028 Italy Isola di Salina (Monte Fossa delle Felci e dei Porri) Map
FR1112012 France Boucles de Moisson, de Guernes et de Rosny Map
FR8312003 France Gorges de la Sioule Map
FR1112003 France Boucles de la Marne Map
FR8212020 France Lac Léman Map
DE6116450 Germany Hessisches Ried mit Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue Map
FR7412001 France Gorges de la Dordogne Map
FR8312013 France Val d'allier Saint Yorre-Joze Map
FR8312005 France Planèze de Saint Flour Map
FR2410001 France Vallée de la Loire du Loir-et-Cher Map
DE8140471 Germany Chiemseegebiet mit Alz Map
IT4030021 Italy Rio Rodano, Fontanili di Fogliano e Ariolo e Oasi di Marmirolo Map
IT4030023 Italy Fontanili di Gattatico e Fiume Enza Map
IT20B0014 Italy Chiavica del Moro Map
FR8312010 France Gorges de la Truyère Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
ITB020014 Italy Golfo di Orosei Map
ES6110015 Spain Alborán Map
FR2112013 France Plateau ardennais Map
DE5417401 Germany Lahnaue zwischen Atzbach und Gießen Map
FR7212010 France Barrage d'Artix et saligue du Gave de Pau Map
DE7231471 Germany Donauauen zwischen Lechmündung und Ingolstadt Map
FR8212012 France Île de la Platière Map
FR5212003 France Vallée de la Loire des Ponts-de-Cé à Montsoreau Map
FR9312025 France Basse Vallée du Var Map
ES5310005 Spain Badies de Pollença i Alcúdia Map
IT9310038 Italy Scogliera dei Rizzi Map
IT9210143 Italy Lago Pertusillo Map
FR8212016 France La Dombes Map
IT9310044 Italy Foce del Fiume Crati Map
FR7212013 France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et baie de Fontarabie Map
IT9210141 Italy Lago La Rotonda Map
FR8312011 France Pays des Couzes Map
IT4020022 Italy Basso Taro Map
FR5212009 France Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts Map
IT2090503 Italy Castelnuovo Bocca d'Adda Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
IT3311001 Italy Magredi di Pordenone Map
IT20B0016 Italy Ostiglia Map
DE7932471 Germany Ammerseegebiet Map
ES6300001 Spain Islas Chafarinas Map
FR8212026 France Gorges de la Loire aval Map
FR9312006 France Marais de l'Ile Vieille et alentour Map
ITA030044 Italy Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre Map
IT9350143 Italy Saline Joniche Map
FR8312009 France Gorges de la Loire Map
ES6200007 Spain Islas e Islotes del Litoral Mediterráneo Map
IT9210271 Italy Appennino Lucano, Valle Agri, Monte Sirino, Monte Raparo Map
ITA030030 Italy Isola di Lipari Map
PTCON0013 Portugal Ria Formosa / Castro Marim Map
IT1160054 Italy Fiume Tanaro e Stagni di Neive Map
FR8212024 France Plaine du Forez Map
DE4649451 Germany Teiche nordwestlich Kamenz Map
DE4639451 Germany Leipziger Auwald Map
DE4342452 Germany Elbaue und Teichgebiete bei Torgau Map
DE4440451 Germany Kämmereiforst und Leineaue Map
DE4545452 Germany Elbtal zwischen Schöna und Mühlberg Map
DE4747451 Germany Moritzburger Kleinkuppenlandschaft Map
DE4642451 Germany Wermsdorfer Teich- und Waldgebiet Map
DE4739452 Germany Bergbaufolgelandschaft Werben Map
DE4752451 Germany Teiche zwischen Neschwitz und Lomske Map
DE4641451 Germany Laubwaldgebiete östlich Leipzig Map
DE4740451 Germany Rückhaltebecken Stöhna Map
DE4840451 Germany Lobstädter Lachen Map
DE4840452 Germany Speicherbecken Borna und Teichgebiet Haselbach Map
DE4842452 Germany Tal der Zwickauer Mulde Map
DE5537451 Germany Vogtländische Pöhle und Täler Map
DE4752452 Germany Spreeniederung Malschwitz Map
DE4651451 Germany Doberschützer Wasser Map
DE4552451 Germany Biosphärenreservat Oberlausitzer Heide- und Teichlandschaft Map
DE4841451 Germany Bergbaufolgelandschaft Bockwitz Map
DE4439452 Germany Agrarraum und Bergbaufolgelandschaft bei Delitzsch Map
DE4454451 Germany Neißetal Map
DE4648452 Germany Teiche bei Zschorna Map
DE4753451 Germany Feldgebiete in der östlichen Oberlausitz Map
DE4450451 Germany Bergbaufolgelandschaft bei Hoyerswerda Map
DE4940451 Germany Bergbaufolgelandschaft Haselbach Map
DE5145451 Germany Großhartmannsdorfer Großteich Map
DE4940420 Germany Nordöstliches Altenburger Land Map
DE4655451 Germany Teiche und Wälder um Mückenhain Map
DE4647451 Germany Mittleres Rödertal Map
DE4546451 Germany Unteres Rödertal Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR7212019 France Tête de Canyon du Cap Ferret Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
ES5310113 Spain La Vall Map
ES1200016 Spain Ría del Eo Map
ES1200006 Spain Ría de Villaviciosa Map
FR7212018 France Bassin d'Arcachon et banc d'Arguin Map
AT2133000 Austria Guntschacher Au Map
ES5310127 Spain Costa Brava de Tramuntana Map
ES5310128 Spain Cap Enderrocat i cap Blanc Map
IT3340007 Italy Area marina di Miramare Map
IT51A0039 Italy Padule della Trappola, Bocca d'Ombrone Map
IT4050031 Italy Cassa di espansione del Torrente Samoggia Map
IT4050032 Italy Monte dei Cucchi, Pian di Balestra Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000531 Spain Espacio marino de La Bocayna Map
ES0000530 Spain Espacio marino de Mogán-La Aldea Map
ES0000492 Spain Espacio marino de los Islotes de Portios-Isla Conejera-Isla de Mouro Map
ES0000513 Spain Espacio marino del Baix Llobregat-Garraf Map
ES0000504 Spain Bahía de Málaga-Cerro Gordo Map
ES0000519 Spain Espacio marino del poniente de Mallorca Map
ES0000516 Spain Espacio marino del poniente y norte de Ibiza Map
ES0000512 Spain Espacio marino del Delta de l'Ebre-Illes Columbretes Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000521 Spain Espacio marino del norte y oeste de Menorca Map
ES0000498 Spain ZEPA Banco de Galicia Map
ES0000532 Spain Espacio marino de los Islotes de Lanzarote Map
ES0000507 Spain Espacio marino de los Islotes Litorales de Murcia y Almería Map
ES0000490 Spain Espacio marino de la Ría de Mundaka-Cabo de Ogoño Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map
ES0000527 Spain Espacio marino de los Acantilados de Santo Domingo y Roque de Garachico Map
ES0000518 Spain Espacio marino del sur de Mallorca y Cabrera Map
ES0000522 Spain Espacio marino del sureste de Menorca Map
ES0000515 Spain Espacio marino de Formentera y del sur de Ibiza Map
ES0000523 Spain Espacio marino de la zona occidental de El Hierro Map
ES0000501 Spain Espacio marino del Tinto y del Odiel Map
ES0000508 Spain Espacio marino de Tabarca-Cabo de Palos Map
ES0000506 Spain Bahía de Almería Map
ES0000528 Spain Espacio marino del Roque de la Playa Map
ES0000535 Spain ZEPA Banco de la Concepción Map
ES0000524 Spain Espacio marino de los Roques de Salmor Map
ES0000517 Spain Espacio marino del levante de Ibiza Map
ES0000505 Spain Espacio marino de la Isla de Alborán Map
ES0000525 Spain Espacio marino del norte de La Palma Map
ES0000537 Spain Lagunas de Campotejar Map
ES0000510 Spain Plataforma-talud marinos del Cabo de la Nao Map
ES0000496 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa de Ferrolterra-Valdoviño Map
ES0000500 Spain Golfo de Cádiz Map
ES0000529 Spain Espacio marino de Anaga Map
ES0000502 Spain Espacio marino de la Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000514 Spain Espacio marino de l'Empordà Map
ES0000520 Spain Espacio marino del norte de Mallorca Map
ES0000526 Spain Espacio marino de La Gomera-Teno Map
PTZPE0062 Portugal Ilhas Selvagens Map
PTZPE0063 Portugal Ilhas Desertas Map
PTZPE0060 Portugal Aveiro/ Nazaré Map
PTZPE0061 Portugal Cabo Raso Map
PTZPE0064 Portugal Ponta de S. Lourenço Map
PTMMD0001 Portugal Cetáceos da Madeira Map
FR9412011 France Oiseaux marins de l’Agriate Map
FR9112038 France Oiseaux marins sud golfe du Lion Map

Protected sites

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Common names and synonyms

The species has no common names
No synonyms available.

Other resources

EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100