Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Strigiformes > Family: Strigidae > Genus: Bubo > Species: Bubo scandiaca

Snowy Owl - Bubo scandiaca (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 5 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 12 are designated for this species
Natura 2000 species code A736


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
FI0200152 Finland Seksmiilarin saaristo Map
FI0800057 Finland Södra Stadsfjärden-Söderfjärden-Öjen Map
PLC200004 Poland Puszcza Białowieska Map
SE0720084 Sweden Vålådalen Map
SE0720183 Sweden Frostvikenfjällen Map
SE0810057 Sweden Gitsfjället Map
SE0810059 Sweden Marsfjället Map
SE0810080 Sweden Vindelfjällen Map
SE0810394 Sweden Vardo-, Laster- och Fjällfjällen Map
SE0810475 Sweden Umeälvens delta och slätter Map
SE0820201 Sweden Padjelanta Map
SE0820216 Sweden Sjaunja Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) (Nyctea scandiaca)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Strigiformes)
(Nyctea scandiaca)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Memorandum of understanding on the conservation of migratory birds of prey in Africa and Eurasia - under Bonn Convention (MoU Raptors) (Nyctea scandiaca)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bufo-branco Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Búho Nival Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fjälluggla Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gufo delle nevi Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Harfang des neiges French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Hóbagoly Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Schnee-Eule German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sneeuwuil Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sneugle Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Snowy Owl English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Snøugle Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Tunturipöllö Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Synonym Author
Nyctea scandiaca (Linnaeus, 1758)
Bubo scandiacus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Other resources

Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100