Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Rodentia > Family: Muridae > Genus: Ondatra > Species: Ondatra zibethicus

Muskrat - Ondatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS, see also fact sheet
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code 5769

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Least Concern


Not evaluated


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bisam Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bisamrat Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bisamratte German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bísamrotta Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bisamrotte Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bisamrotte Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bizam Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bizamul Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Moskusrotta Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Moskusrotte Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Muskrat English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Muskusrat Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ondatra Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ondatra Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ondatra Latvian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ondatra Lithuanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pézsmapocok Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Piisami Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rat musqué French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rata almizclera Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rato-almiscarado Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sobolanul-mirositor Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Topo muschiato Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Castor Zibethicus Linnaeus, 1766

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100