Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Artiodactyla > Family: Suidae > Genus: Sus > Species: Sus scrofa > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Sus scrofa meridionalis Forsyth Major, 1882 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Sus scrofa majori de Beaux &Festa, 1927 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Sus scrofa scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 Fauna Europaea (2005)

Wild boar - Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • heathland and shrub
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • grassland
  • rivers and lakes
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code 5861


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Cinghiale Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Derri i eger Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Diviak lesný Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Divlja svinja Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Dzik Polish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Jabalí Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Javali Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Metssiga Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Prase divoké Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sanglier French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Šernas Lithuanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vaddisznó Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vildsvin Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vildsvin Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Villisika Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Villisvín Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Villsvin Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wëllt Schwaïn Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wild boar English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wild zwijn Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wildschwein German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Yaban domuzu Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Sus setosus Boddaert, 1785
Sus europaeus Pallas, 1811
Sus scrofa aper Linnaeus, 1758
Sus scrofa ferus Gmelin, 1788
Sus scrofa celtica Strobel, 1882
Sus scrofa sardous Strobel, 1882
Sus scrofa castilianus Thomas, 1912
Sus scrofa baeticus Thomas, 1912
Sus falzfeini Matschie, 1918

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Sus scrofa European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100