Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Passeridae > Genus: Passer > Species: Passer montanus

Tree Sparrow - Passer montanus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Declining
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Natura 2000 sites 321 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • urban
Natura 2000 species code A356

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Secure
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000037 Spain Es Trenc - Salobrar de Campos Map
ES0000038 Spain S'Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000145 Spain Mondragó Map
ES0000234 Spain S'Albufera des Grau Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES6310001 Spain Calamocarro-Benzú Map
IT1330213 Italy Conglomerato di Vobbia Map
IT1331104 Italy Parco dell'Aveto Map
IT1331578 Italy Beigua - Turchino Map
IT2010012 Italy Brughiera del Dosso Map
IT2020003 Italy Palude di Albate Map
IT2020005 Italy Lago di Alserio Map
IT2020006 Italy Lago di Pusiano Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2040034 Italy Valle d'Arigna e Ghiacciaio di Pizzo di Coca Map
IT2050003 Italy Valle del Rio Pegorino Map
IT2050004 Italy Valle del Rio Cantalupo Map
IT2050006 Italy Bosco di Vanzago Map
IT2050007 Italy Fontanile Nuovo Map
IT2060015 Italy Bosco de l'Isola Map
IT2070005 Italy Pizzo Badile - Alta Val Zumella Map
IT2070018 Italy Altopiano di Cariadeghe Map
IT2070019 Italy Sorgente Funtanì Map
IT2070020 Italy Torbiere d'Iseo Map
IT2080001 Italy Garzaia di Celpenchio Map
IT2080003 Italy Garzaia della Verminesca Map
IT2080004 Italy Palude Loja Map
IT2080005 Italy Garzaia della Rinalda Map
IT2080008 Italy Boschetto di Scaldasole Map
IT2080009 Italy Garzaia della Cascina Notizia Map
IT2080010 Italy Garzaia di Sartirana Map
IT2080013 Italy Garzaia della Cascina Portalupa Map
IT2080016 Italy Boschi del Vignolo Map
IT2080017 Italy Garzaia di Porta Chiossa Map
IT2080018 Italy Garzaia della Carola Map
IT2080020 Italy Garzaia della Roggia Torbida Map
IT2080021 Italy Monte Alpe Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT2090001 Italy Monticchie Map
IT2090002 Italy Boschi e Lanca di Comazzo Map
IT2090004 Italy Garzaia del Mortone Map
IT2090006 Italy Spiagge fluviali di Boffalora Map
IT2090007 Italy Lanca di Soltarico Map
IT2090008 Italy La Zerbaglia Map
IT2090009 Italy Morta di Bertonico Map
IT2090010 Italy Adda Morta Map
IT2090011 Italy Bosco Valentino Map
IT20A0001 Italy Morta di Pizzighettone Map
IT20A0002 Italy Naviglio di Melotta Map
IT20A0003 Italy Palata Menasciutto Map
IT20A0004 Italy Le Bine Map
IT20A0005 Italy Lanca di Gabbioneta Map
IT20A0006 Italy Lanche di Azzanello Map
IT20A0007 Italy Bosco della Marisca Map
IT20A0008 Italy Isola Uccellanda Map
IT20A0009 Italy Bosco di Barco Map
IT20B0001 Italy Bosco Foce Oglio Map
IT20B0002 Italy Valli di Mosio Map
IT20B0003 Italy Lanca Cascina S. Alberto Map
IT20B0004 Italy Lanche di Gerra Gavazzi e Runate Map
IT20B0005 Italy Torbiere di Marcaria Map
IT20B0006 Italy Isola Boscone Map
IT20B0007 Italy Isola Boschina Map
IT20B0008 Italy Paludi di Ostiglia Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT20B0010 Italy Vallazza Map
IT20B0011 Italy Bosco Fontana Map
IT20B0012 Italy Complesso morenico di Castellaro Lagusello Map
IT3120034 Italy Paludi di Sternigo Map
IT3120040 Italy Lago Pudro Map
IT3120041 Italy Lago Costa Map
IT3120053 Italy Foci dell'Avisio Map
IT3120061 Italy La Rocchetta Map
IT3120156 Italy Adige Map
IT3210003 Italy Laghetto del Frassino Map
IT3250041 Italy Valle Vecchia - Zumelle - Valli di Bibione Map
IT4020021 Italy Medio Taro Map
IT4030020 Italy Golena del Po di Gualtieri, Guastalla e Luzzara Map
IT4040014 Italy Valli Mirandolesi Map
IT4050001 Italy Gessi Bolognesi, Calanchi dell'Abbadessa Map
IT4050019 Italy La Bora Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4050023 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Budrio e Minerbio Map
IT4050024 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella Map
IT4050025 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Crevalcore Map
IT4050026 Italy Bacini ex-zuccherificio di Argelato e Golena del Fiume Reno Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060008 Italy Valle del Mezzano Map
IT4060015 Italy Bosco della Mesola, Bosco Panfilia, Bosco di Santa Giustina, Valle Falce, La Goara Map
IT5210001 Italy Boschi di Monti di Sodolungo - Rosso (Città di Castello) Map
IT5210002 Italy Serre di Burano Map
IT5210003 Italy Fiume Tevere tra San Giustino e Pierantonio Map
IT5210004 Italy Boschi di Pietralunga Map
IT5210005 Italy Gola del Corno di Catria Map
IT5210006 Italy Boschi di Morra - Marzana Map
IT5210009 Italy Monte Cucco (sommità) Map
IT5210011 Italy Torrente Vetorno Map
IT5210012 Italy Boschi di Montelovesco - Monte delle Portole Map
IT5210013 Italy Boschi del Bacino di Gubbio Map
IT5210014 Italy Monti Maggio - Nero (sommità) Map
IT5210015 Italy Valle del Torrente Nese - Monti Acuto - Corona Map
IT5210022 Italy Fiume Tescio (parte alta) Map
IT5210023 Italy Colli Selvalonga - Il Monte (Assisi) Map
IT5210031 Italy Col Falcone (Colfiorito) Map
IT5210032 Italy Piani di Annifo - Arvello Map
IT5210036 Italy Piano di Ricciano Map
IT5210041 Italy Fiume Menotre (Rasiglia) Map
IT5210045 Italy Fiume Vigi Map
IT5210070 Italy Lago Trasimeno Map
IT5210071 Italy Monti Sibillini (versante umbro) Map
IT5210072 Italy Palude di Colfiorito Map
IT5210073 Italy Alto Bacino del Torrente Lama Map
IT5210074 Italy Poggio Pantano (Scheggia) Map
IT5210075 Italy Boschi e pascoli di Fratticiola Selvatica (Valfabbrica) Map
IT5210076 Italy Monte Alago (Nocera Umbra) Map
IT5220024 Italy Valle del Tevere: Laghi di Corbara - Alviano Map
IT5220025 Italy Bassa Valnerina: Monte Fionchi - Cascata delle Marmore Map
IT5220027 Italy Lago dell'Aia (Narni) Map
IT9210105 Italy Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa Map
IT9210165 Italy Monte Alpi - Malboschetto di Latronico Map
IT9210190 Italy Monte Paratiello Map
IT9210200 Italy Monte Sirino Map
IT9210210 Italy Monte Vulture Map
IT9210220 Italy Murge di S. Oronzio Map
IT9220055 Italy Bosco Pantano di Policoro e Costa Ionica Foce Sinni Map
IT9220255 Italy Valle Basento - Ferrandina Scalo Map
IT9220260 Italy Valle Basento Grassano Scalo - Grottole Map
MT0000006 Malta Is-Simar (limiti ta' San Pawl il-Bahar) Map
MT0000015 Malta L-Inhawi tal-Ghadira Map
SKUEV0365 Slovakia Dalovsky mociar Map
IT9210120 Italy La Falconara Map
IT1345005 Italy Portovenere - Riomaggiore - S. Benedetto Map
IT5210047 Italy Monti Serano - Brunette (sommità) Map
IT9210270 Italy Appennino Lucano, Monte Volturino Map
SKUEV0163 Slovakia Rudava Map
IT9210160 Italy Isola di S. Ianni e Costa Prospiciente Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
IT2080023 Italy Garzaia di Cascina Villarasca Map
IT5220014 Italy Valle del Serra (Monti Martani) Map
IT1324909 Italy Torrente Arroscia e Centa Map
SKUEV0169 Slovakia Orlovske vrsky Map
IT5210017 Italy Boschi di Pischiello - Torre Civitella Map
IT5220005 Italy Lago di Corbara Map
IT5210027 Italy Monte Subasio (sommità) Map
SKUEV0218 Slovakia Mociarka Map
SKUEV0119 Slovakia Siroka Map
SKUEV0166 Slovakia Ciglat Map
SKUEV0113 Slovakia Dlhe luky Map
IT2080703 Italy Po di Pieve Porto Morone Map
IT5220023 Italy Monti San Pancrazio - Oriolo Map
IT2010401 Italy Parco Regionale Campo dei Fiori Map
IT9310040 Italy Montegiordano Marina Map
SKUEV0311 Slovakia Kacenky Map
IT5210064 Italy Monteluco di Spoleto Map
IT3270022 Italy Golena di Bergantino Map
IT20A0401 Italy Riserva Regionale Bosco Ronchetti Map
SKUEV0380 Slovakia Tematinske vrchy Map
IT5220011 Italy Zona umida di Alviano Map
IT2090702 Italy Po di Corte S. Andrea Map
SKUEV0172 Slovakia Beznisko Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devinske jazero Map
SKUEV0369 Slovakia Pavukov jarok Map
IT1315719 Italy Torrente Nervia Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
SKUEV0177 Slovakia Smolzie Map
IT20A0018 Italy Cave Danesi Map
IT9210215 Italy Monte Li Foi Map
IT5220010 Italy Monte Solenne (Valnerina) Map
SKUEV0282 Slovakia Tisovsky kras Map
IT5210061 Italy Torrente Naia Map
SKUEV0312 Slovakia Devinske aluvium Moravy Map
IT20B0501 Italy Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia Map
SKUEV0116 Slovakia Jakubovske rybniky Map
SKUEV0165 Slovakia Kutsky les Map
IT4020025 Italy Parma Morta Map
IT9210180 Italy Monte della Madonna di Viggiano Map
IT20A0502 Italy Lanca di Gussola Map
SKUEV0171 Slovakia Zelienka Map
SKUEV0375 Slovakia Krasin Map
IT2050011 Italy Oasi Le Foppe di Trezzo sull'Adda Map
IT5210025 Italy Ansa degli Ornari (Perugia) Map
IT2010018 Italy Monte Sangiano Map
IT5210030 Italy Fosso dell'Eremo delle Carceri (Monte Subasio) Map
IT9220095 Italy Costa Ionica Foce Cavone Map
SKUEV0226 Slovakia Vanisovec Map
IT5220013 Italy Monte Torre Maggiore (Monti Martani) Map
IT9210250 Italy Timpa delle Murge Map
IT2080702 Italy Po di Monticelli Pavese e Chignolo Po Map
IT2090501 Italy Senna Lodigiana Map
IT5210021 Italy Monte Malbe Map
IT2080701 Italy Po da Albaredo Arnaboldi ad Arena Po Map
SKUEV0397 Slovakia Vah pri Zamarovciach Map
IT9310054 Italy Torrente Celati Map
SKUEV0220 Slovakia Sastinsky potok Map
IT5210043 Italy Sorgiva dell'Aiso Map
IT5210053 Italy Fiume e Fonti del Clitunno Map
IT5220002 Italy Selva di Meana (Allerona) Map
IT20B0401 Italy Parco Regionale Oglio Sud Map
IT1343511 Italy Monte Cornoviglio - Monte Fiorito - Monte Dragnone Map
IT5220016 Italy Monte la Pelosa - Colle Fergiara (Valnerina) Map
SKUEV0125 Slovakia Gajarske aluvium Moravy Map
IT5210040 Italy Boschi dell'alta Valle del Nestore Map
IT5220015 Italy Fosso Salto del Cieco (Ferentillo) Map
IT2010019 Italy Monti della Valcuvia Map
IT1322219 Italy Tenuta Quassolo Map
IT5210039 Italy Fiume Timia (Bevagna - Cannara) Map
IT5220021 Italy Piani di Ruschio (Stroncone) Map
SKUEV0358 Slovakia Sovi hrad Map
SKUEV0168 Slovakia Horny les Map
IT9210015 Italy Acquafredda di Maratea Map
SKUEV0213 Slovakia Kazarka Map
IT9210070 Italy Bosco Vaccarizzo Map
SKUEV0148 Slovakia Vlara Map
IT5210062 Italy Monte Maggio (sommità) Map
IT5210020 Italy Boschi di Ferretto - Bagnolo Map
IT5220012 Italy Boschi di Farneta (Monte Castrilli) Map
SKUEV0225 Slovakia Muranska planina Map
IT5210018 Italy Lago Trasimeno Map
IT5210050 Italy Valle di Pettino (Campello sul Clitunno) Map
IT5210060 Italy Monte Il Cerchio (Monti Martani) Map
SKUEV0367 Slovakia Holubyho kopanice Map
IT20A0020 Italy Gabbioneta Map
SKUEV0219 Slovakia Malina Map
IT5210049 Italy Torrente Argentina (Sellano) Map
SKUEV0124 Slovakia Bogdalicky vrch Map
IT5220004 Italy Boschi di Prodo - Corbara Map
IT5210069 Italy Boschi di Montebibico (Monti Martani) Map
IT20B0014 Italy Chiavica del Moro Map
IT1344210 Italy Punta Mesco Map
IT5210016 Italy Boschi di Castel Rigone Map
IT9210185 Italy Monte La Spina, Monte Zaccana Map
IT5210059 Italy Marcite di Norcia Map
IT20A0016 Italy Spiaggioni di Spinadesco Map
IT2040402 Italy Riserva Regionale Bosco dei Bordighi Map
SKUEV0179 Slovakia Cerveny rybnik Map
IT2020011 Italy Spina verde Map
IT9210025 Italy Bosco della Farneta Map
IT1343412 Italy Deiva - Bracco - Pietra di Vasca - Mola Map
SKUEV0123 Slovakia Dubrava Map
IT20A0015 Italy Bosco Ronchetti Map
IT5210048 Italy Valle di Campiano (Preci) Map
IT5210057 Italy Fosso di Camposolo Map
SKUEV0360 Slovakia Belezir Map
IT5210054 Italy Fiume Tevere tra Monte Molino e Pontecuti (Tevere Morto) Map
IT2050401 Italy Riserva Regionale Fontanile Nuovo Map
IT1323201 Italy Finalese - Capo Noli Map
SKUEV0316 Slovakia Sranecke piesky Map
SKUEV0120 Slovakia Jasenacke Map
IT1331402 Italy Beigua - Monte Dente - Gargassa - Pavaglione Map
IT20A0019 Italy Barco Map
SKUEV0003 Slovakia Rimava Map
SKUEV0178 Slovakia V studienkach Map
IT5210078 Italy Colline Premartane (Bettona - Gualdo Cattaneo) Map
IT5210046 Italy Valnerina Map
SKUEV0357 Slovakia Cerova vrchovina Map
IT5220020 Italy Gole di Narni - Stifone Map
IT5210028 Italy Boschi e brughiere di Panicarola Map
IT5210042 Italy Lecceta di Sassovivo (Foligno) Map
IT2010501 Italy Lago di Varese Map
IT9210110 Italy Faggeta di Moliterno Map
IT9310057 Italy Orto Botanico - Università della Calabria Map
IT4020022 Italy Basso Taro Map
IT5210038 Italy Sasso di Pale Map
SKUEV0117 Slovakia Abrod Map
IT5220019 Italy Lago l'Aia (Narni) Map
SKUEV0288 Slovakia Kysucke Beskydy Map
IT2080501 Italy Risaie della Lomellina Map
SKUEV0167 Slovakia Bezodne Map
IT1344216 Italy Costa di Bonassola - Framura Map
IT1333307 Italy Punta Baffe - Punta Moneglia - Val Petronio Map
IT5210063 Italy Monti Coscerno - Civitella - Aspra (sommità) Map
IT5220022 Italy Lago di San Liberato Map
IT1332717 Italy Foce e medio corso del Fiume Entella Map
IT1343520 Italy Zona Carsica Cassana Map
IT5210058 Italy Monti Galloro - dell'Immagine Map
IT2090503 Italy Castelnuovo Bocca d'Adda Map
IT20A0013 Italy Lanca di Gerole Map
IT20A0017 Italy Scolmatore di Genivolta Map
IT5220003 Italy Bosco dell'Elmo (Monte Peglia) Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
IT3311001 Italy Magredi di Pordenone Map
IT20B0016 Italy Ostiglia Map
IT5210026 Italy Monti Marzolana - Montali Map
SKUEV0064 Slovakia Bratislavske luhy Map
SKUEV0162 Slovakia Grgas Map
IT20A0014 Italy Lancone di Gussola Map
IT20B0015 Italy Pomponesco Map
IT20B0402 Italy Riserva Regionale Garzaia di Pomponesco Map
IT9350143 Italy Saline Joniche Map
IT2090701 Italy Po di San Rocco al Porto Map
IT1343502 Italy Parco della Magra - Vara Map
IT1345101 Italy Piana del Magra Map
IT5210077 Italy Boschi a Farnetto di Collestrada (Perugia) Map
IT5210029 Italy Boschi e brughiere di Cima Farneto - Poggio Fiorello (Mugnano) Map
SKUEV0121 Slovakia Marhecke rybniky Map
CY4000007 Cyprus XEROS POTAMOS Map
IT1331501 Italy Praglia - Pracaban - Monte Leco - Punta Martin Map
IT5220006 Italy Gola del Forello Map
IT9210271 Italy Appennino Lucano, Valle Agri, Monte Sirino, Monte Raparo Map
IT2090502 Italy Garzaie del Parco Adda Sud Map
IT20A0402 Italy Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole Map
IT2010502 Italy Canneti del Lago Maggiore Map
SKUEV0161 Slovakia Suchohradske aluvium Moravy Map
IT5210055 Italy Gola del Corno - Stretta di Biselli Map
SKUEV0173 Slovakia Kotlina Map
ROSPA0062 Romania Lacurile de acumulare de pe Argeș Map
IT3230090 Italy Cima Campo - Monte Celado Map
IT9210266 Italy Valle del Tuorno - Bosco Luceto Map
IT5170009 Italy Lago di Santa Luce Map
ROSPA0133 Romania Munții Călimani Map
ROSPA0124 Romania Lacurile de pe Valea Ilfovului Map
IT2030008 Italy Il Toffo Map
ES5310125 Spain Albufera de Mallorca Map
IT4020027 Italy Cronovilla Map
IT4030024 Italy Colli di Quattro Castella Map
IT4050031 Italy Cassa di espansione del Torrente Samoggia Map
IT9120012 Italy Scoglio dell'Eremita Map
IT2080024 Italy Sassi Neri - Pietra Corva Map

Protected sites

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Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Feldsperling German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gorrión Molinero Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mazurek Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mezei veréb Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Moineau friquet French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pardal-montez Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Passera mattugia Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pikkuvarpunen Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pilfink Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Ringmus Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Tree Sparrow English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Vrabec polní Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:15980 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100