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Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Pelecaniformes > Family: Phalacrocoracidae > Genus: Phalacrocorax > Species: Phalacrocorax aristotelis > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii (Payraudeau, 1826) Cramp, S. & Simmons, K.E.L. (1977)
Phalacrocorax aristotelis aristotelis (Linnaeus, 1761)

Shag - Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Linnaeus, 1761)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 120 are designated for this species
Natura 2000 species code A018


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DK00CX043 Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord Map
ES0000001 Spain Illas Cíes Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000046 Spain Cabo de Gata-Níjar Map
ES0000048 Spain Punta Entinas-Sabinar Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000176 Spain Costa da Morte (Norte) Map
ES0000254 Spain Illa de Ons Map
ES0000258 Spain Costa de Ferrolterra - Valdoviño Map
ES0000261 Spain Almenara-Moreras-Cabo Cope Map
ES0000372 Spain Costa da Mariña occidental Map
ES1110002 Spain Costa Ártabra Map
ES1110005 Spain Costa da Morte Map
ES1110006 Spain Complexo húmido de Corrubedo Map
ES1110009 Spain Costa de Dexo Map
ES1110010 Spain Estaca de Bares Map
ES1120005 Spain As Catedrais Map
ES1120017 Spain Costa da Mariña occidental Map
ES1140004 Spain Complexo Ons - O Grove Map
ES1200047 Spain Yacimientos de Icnitas Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES2120009 Spain Iñurritza Map
ES2120014 Spain Ulia Map
ES2120017 Spain Jaizkibel Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatxe Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES6110001 Spain Albufera de Adra Map
ES6150006 Spain Marismas del Río Piedras y Flecha del Rompido Map
FR2310045 France Littoral seino-marin Map
FR2510037 France Chausey Map
FR2510047 France Baie de Seine occidentale Map
FR2510048 France Baie du Mont Saint Michel Map
FR2510099 France Falaise du Bessin Occidental Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR5210090 France Marais salants de Guérande, traicts du Croisic, dunes de Pen Bron Map
FR5310011 France Cote de Granit Rose-Sept Iles Map
FR5310050 France Baie de Saint-Brieuc - Est Map
FR5310052 France Iles de la Colombiere, de la Nelliere et des Haches Map
FR5310054 France Ilôt du Trévors Map
FR5310055 France Cap Sizun Map
FR5310056 France Baie d'Audierne Map
FR5310057 France Archipel de Glenan Map
FR5310070 France Tregor Goëlo Map
FR5310071 France Rade de Brest : Baie de Daoulas, Anse de Poulmic Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310073 France Baie de Morlaix Map
FR5310086 France Golfe du Morbihan Map
FR5310093 France Baie de Quiberon Map
FR5310094 France Rade de Lorient Map
FR5310095 France Cap d'Erquy-Cap Fréhel Map
FR7210077 France Barthes de l'Adour Map
IE0000102 Ireland Sheep's Head SAC Map
IE0000190 Ireland Slieve Tooey/Tormore Island/Loughros Beg Bay SAC Map
IE0000204 Ireland Lambay Island SAC Map
IE0000213 Ireland Inishmore Island SAC Map
IE0000495 Ireland Duvillaun Islands SAC Map
IE0004021 Ireland Old Head of Kinsale SPA Map
IE0004073 Ireland Tory Island SPA Map
IE0004084 Ireland Inishglora and Inishkeeragh SPA Map
IE0004100 Ireland Inishtrahull SPA Map
IT51A0026 Italy Laguna di Orbetello Map
ES6150018 Spain Río Guadiana y Ribera de Chanza Map
ES6120009 Spain Fondos Marinos de Bahía de Cádiz Map
PTCON0012 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
FR5312003 France Baie de Goulven Map
ES5213018 Spain Penya-segats de la Marina Map
ES6120023 Spain Corrales de Rota Map
ES6140014 Spain Acantilados y Fondos Marinos de Calahonda-Castell de Ferro Map
FR2512002 France Landes et dunes de la Hague Map
FR7212002 France Rochers de Biarritz : le Bouccalot et la Roche ronde Map
IT51A0007 Italy Punta Ala e Isolotto dello Sparviero Map
ES6120033 Spain Fondos Marinos Marismas del Río Palmones Map
ES6200031 Spain Cabo Cope Map
FR5312002 France Ilôts Notre-Dame et Chevret Map
PTCON0006 Portugal Arquipélago da Berlenga Map
ES6150017 Spain Marisma de Las Carboneras Map
ITA090008 Italy Capo Murro di Porco, Penisola della Maddalena e Grotta Pellegrino Map
ES6110015 Spain Alborán Map
ES6130015 Spain Río Guadalquivir -Tramo Medio Map
FR5212007 France Marais du Mès, baie et dunes de Pont-Mahé, étang du Pont de Fer Map
FR5312004 France Camaret Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
FR7212013 France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et baie de Fontarabie Map
ES6140016 Spain Acantilados y Fondos Marinos de La Punta de La Mona Map
ES6150028 Spain Estuario del Río Piedras Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
FR5312010 France Dunes et côtes de Trévignon Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR9112034 France Cap Bear- cap Cerbère Map
FR5312009 France Roches de Penmarc'h Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5312011 France Iles Houat-Hoedic Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
ES6120034 Spain Fondos Marinos Estuario del Río Guadiaro Map
ES0000454 Spain Montgó-Cap de Sant Antoni Map
ES0000444 Spain Serra d'Irta (ZEPA) Map
ES1200006 Spain Ría de Villaviciosa Map
IE0004194 Ireland Horn Head to Fanad Head SPA Map
IE0004136 Ireland Clare Island SPA Map
IE0004177 Ireland Bills Rocks SPA Map
IE0004156 Ireland Sheep's Head to Toe Head SPA Map
IE0004155 Ireland Beara Peninsula SPA Map
IE0004144 Ireland High Island, Inishshark and Davillaun SPA Map
IE0004182 Ireland Mid-Clare Coast SPA Map
IE0004192 Ireland Helvick Head to Ballyquin SPA Map
IE0004152 Ireland Inishmore SPA Map
IE0004154 Ireland Iveragh Peninsula SPA Map
IE0004150 Ireland West Donegal Coast SPA Map
IE0004230 Ireland West Donegal Islands SPA Map
ESZZ16007 Spain Espacio marino de la Marina Alta Map
ES0000505 Spain Espacio marino de la Isla de Alborán Map
SE0420360 Sweden Nordvästra Skånes havsområde Map
CY4000024 Cyprus OCEANID Map
ES0000540 Spain Costa nord-oest de Mallorca Map
IT5160023 Italy Calafuria - Area terrestre e marina Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Cormoran huppé French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Cormorán Moñudo Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Corvo-marinho-de-crista Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Karimetso Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kormorán chocholatý Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kormoran czubaty Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Krähenscharbe German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kuifaalscholver Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Marangone dal ciuffo Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Östökös kárókatona Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Shag English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Toppskarv Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EURing code:00800 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100