Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Pleuronectiformes > Family: Scophthalmidae > Genus: Scophthalmus > Species: Scophthalmus maximus

Breet - Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Not evaluated




Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
An turbard Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Azovskii kalkan Russian Fishbase
Barbun imperjali Maltese Fishbase
Breet English Fishbase
Britt English Fishbase
Butt English Fishbase
Haandreiß German Fishbase
Kalkan baligi Turkish Fishbase
Kalkáni Greek Fishbase
Linqwata imperjali Maltese Fishbase
Piggvar Norwegian Fishbase
Piggvar Swedish Fishbase
Pighvarre Danish Fishbase
Piikkikampela Finnish Fishbase
Plat Serbian Fishbase
Pregado Portuguese Fishbase
Rodaballo Spanish Fishbase
Romb Slovenian Fishbase
Rombo chiodato Italian Fishbase
Rómbos-pisci Greek Fishbase
Sandhverfa Icelandic Fishbase
Shkoter Albanian Fishbase
Skarp a. turbot Polish Fishbase
Skarp czarnomorski Polish Fishbase
Steinbutt German Fishbase
Steinbutte German Fishbase
Tarbot Dutch Fishbase
Turbot English Fishbase
Turbot French Fishbase
Synonym Author
Scophthalmus maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
Pleuronectes maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
Scophthalmus ponticus Ninni, 1932
Pleuronectes maximus Linnaeus, 1758
Psetta maeotica (non Pallas, 1814)
Pleuronectes turbot Lacepède, 1802
Pleuronectes cyclops Donovan, 1806
Rhombus aculeatus Gottsche, 1835
Rhombus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rhombus stellosus Bennett, 1835
Psetta maxima (Linnaeus, 1758)
Psetta maxima maxima (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rhombus magnus Minding, 1832
Rhombus maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (invalid) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100