Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Clupeiformes > Family: Engraulidae > Genus: Engraulis > Species: Engraulis encrasicolus

Black Sea Anchovy - Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Natura 2000 species code 5635

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Acciuga Italian Fishbase
Açuga Albanian Fishbase
Alice Italian Fishbase
Amplovo French Fishbase
Anchoa Spanish Fishbase
Anchoa de Africa austral Spanish Fishbase
Anchoa europea Spanish Fishbase
Anchoa, boqueron Spanish Fishbase
Anchois French Fishbase
Anchois commun French Fishbase
Anchois de l'Afrique australe French Fishbase
Anchois européen French Fishbase
Ansjos Norwegian Fishbase
Ansjósa Icelandic Fishbase
Ansjovis Dutch Fishbase
Antjúga Greek Fishbase
Biqueirao Portuguese Fishbase
Black Sea Anchovy English Fishbase
Bocareu Spanish Fishbase
Boqueron Spanish Fishbase
Brgljun Serbian Fishbase
Enchova Portuguese Fishbase
European anchovy English Fishbase
Gíavros Greek Fishbase
Hamsi Turkish Fishbase
Hamsia Bulgarian Fishbase
Hamsia Romanian Fishbase
Incova (adult) Maltese Fishbase
Incun Serbian Fishbase
Khamsa Russian Fishbase
Nemusa (juvenile) Maltese Fishbase
Nemusa rasha morra Maltese Fishbase
Pásta anchouia Greek Fishbase
Pasta d'acciughe Italian Fishbase
Pasta de anchoa Portuguese Fishbase
Pasta fermentada de anchoas Spanish Fishbase
Sardell Swedish Fishbase
Sardelle German Fishbase
Sardellenpaste German Fishbase
Sardelli Finnish Fishbase
Sardon Slovenian Fishbase
Slana pasta od inçuna Serbian Fishbase
South African anchovy English Fishbase
Southern anchovy English Fishbase
Synonym Author
Anchoa quineensis (Rossignol & Blache, 1961)
Anchoviella quineensis Rossignol & Blache, 1961
Engraulis amara Risso, 1827
Engraulis argyrophanus Valenciennes, 1848
Engraulis meletta Cuvier, 1829
Engraulis quineensis (Rossignol & Blache, 1961)
Engraulis russoi Dulzetto, 1947
Engraulis vulgaris Nilsson, 1832
Clupea encrasicolus Linnaeus, 1758
Engraulis encrasicholus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Engraulis capensis Gilchrist, 1913
Engraulis japonica (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Engraulus encrasicholus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Engraulis japonicus (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
Engraulis engrasicholus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Engraulis encrasicholus ponticus Alesandrov, 1927

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100