Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Elasmobranchii > Order: Squaliformes > Family: Dalatiidae > Genus: Etmopterus > Species: Etmopterus spinax

Velvet belly - Etmopterus spinax (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Near Threatened (IUCN)
Natura 2000 species code 5645

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Blåkäxa Swedish Fishbase
Blåmage Norwegian Fishbase
Djavlu Maltese Fishbase
Epineux de fond French Fishbase
Kolczak a. kolczak czarny Polish Fishbase
Kosljivac Serbian Fishbase
Litli loðháfur Icelandic Fishbase
Marcoagathitis Greek Fishbase
Mazzola tal-fanal Maltese Fishbase
Mazzola tal-fond Maltese Fishbase
Mazzola tax-xewka Maltese Fishbase
Negrito Spanish Fishbase
Nochnaya Russian Fishbase
Pas kostelj crnac Serbian Fishbase
Pesce diavolo Italian Fishbase
Peshkagen Albanian Fishbase
Pikkuhai Finnish Fishbase
Sagre commun French Fishbase
Sagri nero Italian Fishbase
Sagru Maltese Fishbase
Sorthaj Danish Fishbase
Svarthå Norwegian Fishbase
Velvet belly English Fishbase
Synonym Author
Squalus spinax Linnaeus, 1758
Squalus niger Gunner, 1763
Etmopterus aculeatus Rafinesque, 1810
Squalus infernus Blainville, 1825
Spinax linnei Malm, 1877
Spinax gunneri Reinhardt, 1825
Spinax vitulinus de la Pylaie, 1835
Spinax niger Cloquet, 1816

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100