Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Elasmobranchii > Order: Carcharhiniformes > Family: Sphyrnidae > Genus: Sphyrna > Species: Sphyrna zygaena

Common hammerhead shark - Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Data Deficient (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Cachona Spanish Fishbase
Cagnole French Fishbase
Carnuda Spanish Fishbase
Çekiç Turkish Fishbase
Cekiç baligi Turkish Fishbase
Common hammerhead shark English Fishbase
Common smooth hammerhead shark English Fishbase
Corna Spanish Fishbase
Cornúa Spanish Fishbase
Cornuda Spanish Fishbase
Cornuda cruz Spanish Fishbase
Cornudilla Spanish Fishbase
Cornuilla Spanish Fishbase
gemeiner Hammerfisch German Fishbase
Hamerhaai Dutch Fishbase
Hamerhai Norwegian Fishbase
Hammerhai German Fishbase
Hammerhaj Danish Fishbase
Hammerhaj Swedish Fishbase
Hammerhead shark English Fishbase
Jaram Serbian Fishbase
Kurazza Maltese Fishbase
Kurazza komuni Maltese Fishbase
Leunada Spanish Fishbase
Lou peï judiou French Fishbase
Marteau French Fishbase
Martell Spanish Fishbase
Martillo Spanish Fishbase
Medialuna Spanish Fishbase
Meerschlägel German Fishbase
Mlat Serbian Fishbase
Pantouflier lavaco French Fishbase
Paterítsa Greek Fishbase
Pateritza Greek Fishbase
Peï jouziou French Fishbase
Peï martel French Fishbase
Peïs judieú French Fishbase
Pesce martello Italian Fishbase
Peshk çekiç Albanian Fishbase
Peshkkarabiner Albanian Fishbase
Pez martillo Spanish Fishbase
Pixximartell Maltese Fishbase
Rechin ciocan Romanian Fishbase
Rekin mlot a. glowomlot pospolity Polish Fishbase
Requin-marteau commun French Fishbase
Round-headed hammerhead shark English Fishbase
Sarda de cachas Spanish Fishbase
Schlägelfisch German Fishbase
Scroesna French Fishbase
Smooth hammerhead English Fishbase
Tailandano Spanish Fishbase
Tollo cruz Spanish Fishbase
Tubarão-martelo Portuguese Fishbase
Vasarahai Finnish Fishbase
Zygaena Greek Fishbase
Zygaina Greek Fishbase
Synonym Author
Squalus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758
Squalus malleus Shaw & Nodder, 1796
Zygaena vulgaris Cloquet, 1830
Zygaena subarcuata Storer, 1848
Squalus carolinensis Blainville, 1816
Squalis pictus Blainville, 1816
Sphyrna zigaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Zygaena malleus Valenciennes, 1822
Sphyrna lewini (non Griffith & Smith, 1834)
Sphyrna mokarran (non Rüppell, 1837)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100