Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Gadiformes > Family: Gadidae > Genus: Pollachius > Species: Pollachius virens

American pollack - Pollachius virens (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Not evaluated


Least Concern


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
American pollack English Fishbase
Bacalao Spanish Fishbase
Badejo Portuguese Fishbase
Billet English Fishbase
Blaufisch German Fishbase
Carbonero Spanish Fishbase
Coalfish English Fishbase
Cod negru Romanian Fishbase
Colin French Fishbase
Czarniak Polish Fishbase
Escamudo Portuguese Fishbase
Faneca plataeada carbonero Spanish Fishbase
Fogonero Spanish Fishbase
Glassan English Fishbase
Gloshan English Fishbase
Goberge French Fishbase
Gråsej Danish Fishbase
Gråsej Swedish Fishbase
Green cod English Fishbase
Greslin French Fishbase
Köhler German Fishbase
Koolvis Dutch Fishbase
Lieu noir French Fishbase
Merlan noir French Fishbase
Merlan vert French Fishbase
Merluche French Fishbase
Merluzzo nero Italian Fishbase
Mørksej Danish Fishbase
Palero Spanish Fishbase
Saida Russian Fishbase
Saithe English Fishbase
Salage à sec French Fishbase
Seelachs German Fishbase
Sei Norwegian Fishbase
Sej Danish Fishbase
Sej Swedish Fishbase
Sillock English Fishbase
Ufsi Icelandic Fishbase
Synonym Author
Gadus virens Linnaeus, 1758
Merlangus virens (Linnaeus, 1758)
Merlangus carbonarius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Merlangus purpureus (Mitchill, 1815)
Pollachius carbonarius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Gadus carbonarius Linnaeus, 1758
Gadus colinus Lacepède, 1800
Gadus sey Lacepède, 1800
Gadus purpureus Mitchill, 1814
Polachius virens (Linnaeus, 1758)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100