Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Perciformes > Family: Rachycentridae > Genus: Rachycentron > Species: Rachycentron canadum

Cobia - Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus, 1766)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Least Concern


Not evaluated


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bacalao Spanish Fishbase
Cobia English Fishbase
Cobia Spanish Fishbase
Cobio French Fishbase
Crabeater English Fishbase
Filho-pródigo Portuguese Fishbase
Fogueteiro-galego Portuguese Fishbase
Mafou French Fishbase
Offiziersfisch German Fishbase
Okakala Finnish Fishbase
Peixe-sargento Portuguese Fishbase
Peje Palo Spanish Fishbase
Prodigal son English Fishbase
Rachica Polish Fishbase
Runner English Fishbase
Sargento Portuguese Fishbase
Sergeant fish English Fishbase
Synonym Author
Elacate nigra (Bloch, 1793)
Rachycentron canadus (Linnaeus, 1766)
Gasterosteus canadus Linnaeus, 1766
Scomber niger Bloch, 1793
Centronotus gardenii Lacepède, 1801
Centronotus spinosus Mitchill, 1815
Rachycentron typus Kaup, 1826
Elacate atlantica Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1832
Elacate bivittata Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1832
Elacate malabarica Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1832
Elacate motta Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1829
Elacate pondiceriana Cuvier &Valenciennes, 1832
Elacate canada (Linnaeus, 1766)
Naucrates niger (Bloch, 1793)
Elacate falcipinnis Gosse, 1851
Thynnus canadensis Gronow, 1854
Meladerma nigerrima Swainson, 1839
Rachicentron canadum (Linnaeus, 1766)
Rachycentrodon canadum (Linnaeus, 1766)
Apolectus niger (Bloch, 1793)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100