Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Strigiformes > Family: Tytonidae > Genus: Tyto > Species: Tyto alba > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Tyto alba gracilirostris Harttert, 1905 Cramp, S. (1985)

Barn Owl - Tyto alba (Scopoli, 1769)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Secure
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 3 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 325 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • grassland
  • urban
Natura 2000 species code A213

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Secure
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000003 Spain Picos de Europa Map
ES0000004 Spain Lagunas de Villafáfila Map
ES0000007 Spain Cañón del Río Lobos - ZEPA Map
ES0000010 Spain Sierra de Guadarrama - ZEPA Map
ES0000037 Spain Es Trenc - Salobrar de Campos Map
ES0000038 Spain S'Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000074 Spain Cap de cala Figuera Map
ES0000081 Spain Cap Enderrocat - Cap Blanc Map
ES0000082 Spain Tagomago Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000115 Spain Hoces del Río Duratón Map
ES0000116 Spain Valle de Iruelas Map
ES0000118 Spain Arribes del Duero - ZEPA Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000145 Spain Mondragó Map
ES0000175 Spain Salinas y Arenales de San Pedro del Pinatar Map
ES0000184 Spain Valle del Tiétar - ZEPA Map
ES0000185 Spain Cerro de Guisando - ZEPA Map
ES0000186 Spain Pinares del Bajo Alberche - ZEPA Map
ES0000187 Spain Montes de Miranda de Ebro y Ameyugo - ZEPA Map
ES0000188 Spain Valles del Voltoya y el Zorita - ZEPA Map
ES0000189 Spain Campo Azálvaro - Pinares de Peguerinos - ZEPA Map
ES0000190 Spain Encinares de los ríos Adaja y Voltoya - ZEPA Map
ES0000191 Spain Embalse del Ebro Map
ES0000192 Spain Humada - Peña Amaya - ZEPA Map
ES0000193 Spain Sierra de la Tesla-Valdivielso - ZEPA Map
ES0000194 Spain Oteros-Campos Map
ES0000195 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES0000201 Spain Camino de Santiago Map
ES0000202 Spain Campo de Azaba - ZEPA Map
ES0000203 Spain Altos de Barahona - ZEPA Map
ES0000204 Spain Tierra de Campiñas Map
ES0000206 Spain Cañones del Duero - ZEPA Map
ES0000207 Spain Penillanuras-Campos Sur Map
ES0000208 Spain Llanuras del Guareña Map
ES0000209 Spain Tierra del Pan Map
ES0000210 Spain Alto Sil Map
ES0000215 Spain Oteros-Cea Map
ES0000216 Spain La Nava-Campos Sur Map
ES0000217 Spain Penillanuras-Campos Norte Map
ES0000218 Spain Campo de Argañán - ZEPA Map
ES0000221 Spain Sa Dragonera Map
ES0000222 Spain La Trapa Map
ES0000229 Spain Costa Nord de Ciutadella Map
ES0000230 Spain La Vall Map
ES0000231 Spain Dels Alocs a Fornells Map
ES0000232 Spain La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells Map
ES0000233 Spain D'Addaia a s'Albufera Map
ES0000234 Spain S'Albufera des Grau Map
ES0000255 Spain Páramo de Layna - ZEPA Map
ES0000357 Spain Altos Campos de Gómara Map
ES0000358 Spain Campo de Aliste Map
ES0000359 Spain Campos de Alba Map
ES0000361 Spain Dehesa de los Ríos Gamo y Margañán Map
ES0000362 Spain La Nava-Rueda Map
ES0000363 Spain Monteagudo de las Vicarías Map
ES0000364 Spain Omaña - ZEPA Map
ES0000365 Spain Páramo Leonés Map
ES0000366 Spain Valdería-Jamuz Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES4110086 Spain Encinares de la Sierra de Ávila - ZEPA Map
ES4120012 Spain Sierra de la Demanda - ZEPA Map
ES4120028 Spain Monte Santiago Map
ES4120030 Spain Montes Obarenes Map
ES4120031 Spain Sabinares del Arlanza - ZEPA Map
ES4120036 Spain Hoces del Alto Ebro y Rudrón - ZEPA Map
ES4130003 Spain Picos de Europa en Castilla y León Map
ES4130010 Spain Sierra de los Ancares Map
ES4130022 Spain Montes Aquilanos Map
ES4130024 Spain Sierra de la Cabrera - ZEPA Map
ES4130035 Spain Valle de San Emiliano Map
ES4140011 Spain Fuentes Carrionas y Fuente Cobre-Montaña Palentina Map
ES4140036 Spain La Nava-Campos Norte Map
ES4150005 Spain Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia -ZEPA Map
ES4150006 Spain Candelario - ZEPA Map
ES4150039 Spain Quilamas - ZEPA Map
ES4160008 Spain Hoces del Río Riaza - ZEPA Map
ES4160048 Spain Lagunas de Cantalejo - ZEPA Map
ES4170013 Spain Sierra de Urbión Map
ES4170044 Spain Sierra del Moncayo - ZEPA Map
ES4180017 Spain Riberas de Castronuño Map
ES4190009 Spain Lago de Sanabria y alrededores - ZEPA Map
ES5310023 Spain Illots de Ponent d'Eivissa Map
IT1180002 Italy Torrente Orba Map
IT1330620 Italy Pian della Badia (Tiglieto) Map
IT1331019 Italy Lago Brugneto Map
IT1331578 Italy Beigua - Turchino Map
IT2010014 Italy Turbigaccio, Boschi di Castelletto e Lanca di Bernate Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2050002 Italy Boschi delle Groane Map
IT2050005 Italy Boschi della Fagiana Map
IT2050006 Italy Bosco di Vanzago Map
IT2050007 Italy Fontanile Nuovo Map
IT2050008 Italy Bosco di Cusago Map
IT2060013 Italy Fontanile Brancaleone Map
IT2060015 Italy Bosco de l'Isola Map
IT2070018 Italy Altopiano di Cariadeghe Map
IT2070019 Italy Sorgente Funtanì Map
IT2070020 Italy Torbiere d'Iseo Map
IT2080002 Italy Basso corso e sponde del Ticino Map
IT2080004 Italy Palude Loja Map
IT2080014 Italy Boschi Siro Negri e Moriano Map
IT2080015 Italy San Massimo Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT2090002 Italy Boschi e Lanca di Comazzo Map
IT2090008 Italy La Zerbaglia Map
IT20A0001 Italy Morta di Pizzighettone Map
IT20A0002 Italy Naviglio di Melotta Map
IT20A0003 Italy Palata Menasciutto Map
IT20A0004 Italy Le Bine Map
IT20A0005 Italy Lanca di Gabbioneta Map
IT20A0006 Italy Lanche di Azzanello Map
IT20A0007 Italy Bosco della Marisca Map
IT20A0008 Italy Isola Uccellanda Map
IT20A0009 Italy Bosco di Barco Map
IT20B0003 Italy Lanca Cascina S. Alberto Map
IT20B0006 Italy Isola Boscone Map
IT20B0007 Italy Isola Boschina Map
IT20B0008 Italy Paludi di Ostiglia Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT20B0010 Italy Vallazza Map
IT20B0012 Italy Complesso morenico di Castellaro Lagusello Map
IT3210003 Italy Laghetto del Frassino Map
IT3220013 Italy Bosco di Dueville Map
IT3240025 Italy Campazzi di Onigo Map
IT3240026 Italy Prai di Castello di Godego Map
IT3260021 Italy Bacino Val Grande - Lavacci Map
IT4020021 Italy Medio Taro Map
IT4040014 Italy Valli Mirandolesi Map
IT4050001 Italy Gessi Bolognesi, Calanchi dell'Abbadessa Map
IT4050019 Italy La Bora Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4050023 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Budrio e Minerbio Map
IT4050024 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella Map
IT4050025 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Crevalcore Map
IT4050026 Italy Bacini ex-zuccherificio di Argelato e Golena del Fiume Reno Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060008 Italy Valle del Mezzano Map
IT4060015 Italy Bosco della Mesola, Bosco Panfilia, Bosco di Santa Giustina, Valle Falce, La Goara Map
IT5210003 Italy Fiume Tevere tra San Giustino e Pierantonio Map
IT5210005 Italy Gola del Corno di Catria Map
IT5210009 Italy Monte Cucco (sommità) Map
IT5210011 Italy Torrente Vetorno Map
IT5210012 Italy Boschi di Montelovesco - Monte delle Portole Map
IT5210013 Italy Boschi del Bacino di Gubbio Map
IT5210015 Italy Valle del Torrente Nese - Monti Acuto - Corona Map
IT5210032 Italy Piani di Annifo - Arvello Map
IT5210036 Italy Piano di Ricciano Map
IT5210045 Italy Fiume Vigi Map
IT5210070 Italy Lago Trasimeno Map
IT5210071 Italy Monti Sibillini (versante umbro) Map
IT5210072 Italy Palude di Colfiorito Map
IT5210075 Italy Boschi e pascoli di Fratticiola Selvatica (Valfabbrica) Map
IT5220024 Italy Valle del Tevere: Laghi di Corbara - Alviano Map
IT5220026 Italy Lago di Piediluco - Monte Maro Map
IT5220027 Italy Lago dell'Aia (Narni) Map
IT5310012 Italy Montecalvo in Foglia Map
IT5310014 Italy Valle Avellana Map
IT5310015 Italy Tavernelle sul Metauro Map
IT5310016 Italy Gola del Furlo Map
IT5310017 Italy Monte Nerone - Gola di Gorgo a Cerbara Map
IT5310025 Italy Calanchi e praterie aride della media Valle del Foglia Map
IT5310028 Italy Tavernelle sul Metauro Map
IT5310029 Italy Furlo Map
IT5310030 Italy Monte Nerone e Monti di Montiego Map
IT5320003 Italy Gola di Frasassi Map
IT5320017 Italy Gola della Rossa e di Frasassi Map
IT9110008 Italy Valloni e Steppe Pedegarganiche Map
IT9110009 Italy Valloni di Mattinata - Monte Sacro Map
IT9120007 Italy Murgia Alta Map
IT9130007 Italy Area delle Gravine Map
IT9210020 Italy Bosco Cupolicchio Map
IT9210105 Italy Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa Map
IT9210190 Italy Monte Paratiello Map
IT9210210 Italy Monte Vulture Map
IT9210220 Italy Murge di S. Oronzio Map
ITA040001 Italy Isola di Linosa Map
ITA040002 Italy Isola di Lampedusa e Lampione Map
PLB320003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Odry Map
PLB320008 Poland Ostoja Ińska Map
PTDES0001 Portugal Ilhas Desertas Map
PTMAD0001 Portugal Laurissilva da Madeira Map
PTMAD0003 Portugal Ponta de S. Lourenço Map
PTMAD0006 Portugal Moledos - Madalena do Mar Map
PTMAD0007 Portugal Pináculo Map
IT1180026 Italy Capanne di Marcarolo Map
IT9210160 Italy Isola di S. Ianni e Costa Prospiciente Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
IT5210017 Italy Boschi di Pischiello - Torre Civitella Map
CY6000004 Cyprus DASOS STAVROVOUNIOU Map
IT1332622 Italy Rio Tuia - Montallegro Map
IT5220023 Italy Monti San Pancrazio - Oriolo Map
IT5210064 Italy Monteluco di Spoleto Map
IT9110039 Italy Promontorio del Gargano Map
IT20A0401 Italy Riserva Regionale Bosco Ronchetti Map
CY5000001 Cyprus DASOS LEMESOU Map
SKUEV0380 Slovakia Tematinske vrchy Map
IT9320095 Italy Foce Neto Map
IT5220011 Italy Zona umida di Alviano Map
ITA040013 Italy Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devinske jazero Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
IT20A0018 Italy Cave Danesi Map
IT20B0501 Italy Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia Map
IT1331718 Italy Monte Fasce Map
IT4020025 Italy Parma Morta Map
IT5210025 Italy Ansa degli Ornari (Perugia) Map
IT1180028 Italy Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino Map
IT4020023 Italy Barboj di Rivalta Map
IT1331615 Italy Monte Gazzo Map
IT2090501 Italy Senna Lodigiana Map
CY2000002 Cyprus ALYKOS POTAMOS - AGIOS SOZOMENOS Map
IT5210021 Italy Monte Malbe Map
IT5220018 Italy Lago di Piediluco - Monte Caperno Map
IT9110003 Italy Monte Cornacchia - Bosco Faeto Map
IT20B0401 Italy Parco Regionale Oglio Sud Map
IT1343425 Italy Rio di Agnola Map
IT9210155 Italy Marina di Castrocucco Map
IT5210040 Italy Boschi dell'alta Valle del Nestore Map
PLH320037 Poland Dolna Odra Map
IT9210015 Italy Acquafredda di Maratea Map
IT4020024 Italy San Genesio Map
CY4000001 Cyprus PERIOCHI POLIS - GIALIA Map
IT4080012 Italy Fiordinano, Monte Velbe Map
CY2000003 Cyprus PERIOCHI MITSEROU - AGROKIPIAS Map
IT5210020 Italy Boschi di Ferretto - Bagnolo Map
IT5220012 Italy Boschi di Farneta (Monte Castrilli) Map
IT5210018 Italy Lago Trasimeno Map
IT5210060 Italy Monte Il Cerchio (Monti Martani) Map
IT20A0020 Italy Gabbioneta Map
CY4000003 Cyprus KOILADA DIARIZOU Map
IT5210049 Italy Torrente Argentina (Sellano) Map
SKUEV0124 Slovakia Bogdalicky vrch Map
CY5000005 Cyprus AKROTIRIO ASPRO - PETRA ROMIOU Map
IT1315503 Italy Monte Carpasina Map
IT1345109 Italy Montemarcello Map
CY4000014 Cyprus PERIOCHI DRYMOU Map
IT9210045 Italy Bosco Mangarrone (Rivello) Map
IT9110026 Italy Monte Calvo - Piana di Montenero Map
CY2000008 Cyprus KOILADA KEDRON - KAMPOS Map
IT2070402 Italy Alto Garda Bresciano Map
CY3000005 Cyprus KAVO GKREKO Map
CY4000002 Cyprus CHA - POTAMI Map
IT5210059 Italy Marcite di Norcia Map
IT20A0016 Italy Spiaggioni di Spinadesco Map
IT2040402 Italy Riserva Regionale Bosco dei Bordighi Map
IT1343412 Italy Deiva - Bracco - Pietra di Vasca - Mola Map
IT5210035 Italy Poggio Caselle - Fosso Renaro (Monte Subasio) Map
IT9110027 Italy Bosco Jancuglia - Monte Castello Map
IT4080013 Italy Montetiffi, Alto Uso Map
CY5000006 Cyprus KOILADA LIMNATI Map
IT20A0015 Italy Bosco Ronchetti Map
IT5210048 Italy Valle di Campiano (Preci) Map
CY4000015 Cyprus PERIOCHI KRITOU MAROTTOU Map
IT5210057 Italy Fosso di Camposolo Map
IT5210054 Italy Fiume Tevere tra Monte Molino e Pontecuti (Tevere Morto) Map
IT2050401 Italy Riserva Regionale Fontanile Nuovo Map
CY2000004 Cyprus DASOS MACHAIRA Map
IT4020026 Italy Boschi dei Ghirardi Map
IT1323201 Italy Finalese - Capo Noli Map
IT1331402 Italy Beigua - Monte Dente - Gargassa - Pavaglione Map
IT20A0019 Italy Barco Map
CY6000003 Cyprus PERIOCHI LYMPION - AGIAS ANNAS Map
IT3220040 Italy Bosco di Dueville e risorgive limitrofe Map
IT5210046 Italy Valnerina Map
IT5220020 Italy Gole di Narni - Stifone Map
CY2000006 Cyprus DASOS PAFOU Map
IT5210042 Italy Lecceta di Sassovivo (Foligno) Map
CY5000007 Cyprus PERIOCHI ASGATAS Map
IT4020022 Italy Basso Taro Map
CY2000001 Cyprus MAMMARI - DENEIA Map
IT5210038 Italy Sasso di Pale Map
IT5220019 Italy Lago l'Aia (Narni) Map
CY4000009 Cyprus PERIOCHI SKOULLI Map
IT2080501 Italy Risaie della Lomellina Map
IT1333307 Italy Punta Baffe - Punta Moneglia - Val Petronio Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
IT5220022 Italy Lago di San Liberato Map
IT20A0013 Italy Lanca di Gerole Map
IT20A0017 Italy Scolmatore di Genivolta Map
IT1332603 Italy Parco di Portofino Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
IT3311001 Italy Magredi di Pordenone Map
IT20B0016 Italy Ostiglia Map
CY6000005 Cyprus PERIOCHI LEFKARON Map
ES6200005 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
IT9210140 Italy Grotticelle di Monticchio Map
IT1324011 Italy Monte Ravinet - Rocca Barbena Map
IT20A0014 Italy Lancone di Gussola Map
CY4000004 Cyprus VOUNI PANAGIAS Map
IT1345104 Italy Isola Palmaria Map
CY4000008 Cyprus KOILI - MAVROKOLYMPOS Map
CY4000005 Cyprus EPISKOPI MOROU NEROU Map
CY2000007 Cyprus PERIOCHI PLATY Map
IT1343502 Italy Parco della Magra - Vara Map
IT5220006 Italy Gola del Forello Map
IT9210271 Italy Appennino Lucano, Valle Agri, Monte Sirino, Monte Raparo Map
IT20A0402 Italy Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole Map
IT5150001 Italy La Calvana Map
CY4000012 Cyprus PERIOCHI STAYROS TIS PSOKAS - KARKAVAS Map
SKUEV0161 Slovakia Suchohradske aluvium Moravy Map
ROSPA0042 Romania Eleșteiele Jijiei și Miletinului Map
PLH040039 Poland Włocławska Dolina Wisły Map
ES5310113 Spain La Vall Map
IT9210150 Italy Monte Coccovello - Monte Crivo - Monte Crive Map
CY6000007 Cyprus POTAMOS PANAGIAS STAZOUSAS Map
CY5000010 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS CHA - POTAMI Map
CY4000022 Cyprus KREMMOI EZOUSAS Map
CY4000020 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS KOILADA DIARIZOU Map
CY4000021 Cyprus KOILADA EZOUSAS Map
CY6000009 Cyprus PERIOCHI KOSIIS - PALLOUROKAMPOU Map
CY4000010 Cyprus CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
CY4000023 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
IT5170009 Italy Lago di Santa Luce Map
ES5310116 Spain Biniatrum Map
ES5310121 Spain Binigurdó Map
ES5310119 Spain Penyes d'Egipte Map
ROSPA0122 Romania Lacul și Pădurea Cernica Map
ES5310128 Spain Cap Enderrocat i cap Blanc Map
ES5310125 Spain Albufera de Mallorca Map
CY3000002 Cyprus SPA KAVO GKREKO Map
CY5000011 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS KOILADA LIMNATI Map
PTZPE0063 Portugal Ilhas Desertas Map
PTZPE0064 Portugal Ponta de S. Lourenço Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Strigiformes) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Barbagianni Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Barn Owl English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Coruja-das-torres Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Effraie des clochers French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gyöngybagoly Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kerkuil Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lechuza Común Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Plivurpuce Latvian Latvian NRC
Schleiereule German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sova pálená Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Tornipöllö Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Tornuggla Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:07350 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100