Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Felidae > Genus: Lynx > Species: Lynx pardinus

Iberian lynx - Lynx pardinus (Temminck, 1827)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Endangered (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Mediterranean - Poor
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 4 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 94 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • grassland
Natura 2000 species code 1362


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000014 Spain Monfragüe y las Dehesas del Entorno Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000035 Spain Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Map
ES0000050 Spain Sierra de Hornachuelos Map
ES0000051 Spain Sierra de Aracena y Picos de Aroche Map
ES0000052 Spain Sierra Pelada y Rivera del Aserrador Map
ES0000053 Spain Sierra Norte de Sevilla Map
ES0000056 Spain Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio Map
ES0000070 Spain Sierra de San Pedro Map
ES0000072 Spain Sierra Grande de Hornachos Map
ES0000090 Spain Sierra Morena Map
ES0000355 Spain Hurdes Map
ES0000368 Spain Río Tajo Internacional y Riberos Map
ES0000369 Spain Llanos de Alcantara y Brozas Map
ES0000370 Spain Sierra de Gata y Valle de las Pilas Map
ES0000434 Spain Canchos de Ramiro y Ladronera Map
ES4110002 Spain Sierra de Gredos Map
ES4310009 Spain Puerto Peña - los Golondrinos Map
ES4320039 Spain Sierra de las Villuercas y Valle del Guadarranque Map
ES6130001 Spain Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro Map
ES6150003 Spain Estero de Domingo Rubio Map
ES6150006 Spain Marismas del Río Piedras y Flecha del Rompido Map
ES6150007 Spain Peñas de Aroche Map
ES6160003 Spain Cascada de Cimbarra Map
ES6160005 Spain Despeñaperros Map
ES6160006 Spain Sierra de Andújar Map
ES6160007 Spain Sierra Mágina Map
PTCON0037 Portugal Monchique Map
PTCON0057 Portugal Caldeirão Map
PTZPE0015 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTZPE0045 Portugal Mourão/Moura/Barrancos Map
PTZPE0047 Portugal Vale do Guadiana Map
ES4310028 Spain Río Matachel Map
ES4320075 Spain Riveras de Carbajo y Calatrucha Map
ES6150018 Spain Río Guadiana y Ribera de Chanza Map
PTCON0012 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTCON0044 Portugal Nisa / Lage da Prata Map
ES4150126 Spain Valle del Cuerpo de Hombre Map
ES6130010 Spain Río Guadamatilla y Arroyo del Tamujar Map
ES6130004 Spain Río Guadalmez Map
ES6130005 Spain Suroeste de La Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro Map
ES4220003 Spain Ríos de la cuenca media del Guadiana y laderas vertientes Map
ES4320037 Spain Sierra de Gata Map
ES4150032 Spain El Rebollar Map
ES4250001 Spain Sierra de San Vicente y valles del Tiétar y Alberche Map
PTCON0053 Portugal Moura / Barrancos Map
ES4310024 Spain Río Guadamez Map
ES6160009 Spain Estribaciones de Sierra Mágina Map
ES4320077 Spain Monfragüe Map
ES4150108 Spain Quilamas Map
ES4320033 Spain Rivera de los Molinos y la Torre Map
ES4310064 Spain Río Ortiga Map
PTCON0033 Portugal Cabrela Map
PTCON0004 Portugal Malcata Map
ES4320076 Spain Riveras de Gata y Acebo Map
ES4320047 Spain Sierras de Risco Viejo Map
ES3110007 Spain Cuencas de los ríos Alberche y Cofio Map
ES4320011 Spain Las Hurdes Map
ES6150023 Spain Dehesa de Torrecuadros y Arroyo de Pilas Map
ES6150010 Spain Andévalo Occidental Map
ES6150012 Spain Dehesa del Estero y Montes de Moguer Map
ES4220013 Spain Sierra de Los Canalizos Map
ES4320071 Spain Ríos Alagon y Jerte Map
ES4320002 Spain Cedillo y Río Tajo Internacional Map
PTCON0007 Portugal S. Mamede Map
ES4320013 Spain Granadilla Map
ES4150107 Spain Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia Map
ES6130007 Spain Guadiato-Bembézar Map
ES6130003 Spain Sierra de Santa Eufemia Map
ES4310063 Spain Río Bembezar Map
ES4320073 Spain Rivera de Aurela Map
PTCON0036 Portugal Guadiana Map
ES4320046 Spain Regato Guadalto Map
ES4210016 Spain Sierra del Relumbrar y estribaciones de Alcaraz Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
ES6180016 Spain Venta de Las Navas Map
ES4310036 Spain Sierra de Escorial Map
ES6160008 Spain Cuencas del Rumblar, Guadalén y Guadalmena Map
ES6130009 Spain Ríos Cuzna y Gato Map
ES4220002 Spain Sierra de Picón Map
ES6130013 Spain Barrancos del Río Retortillo Map
ES6150009 Spain Doñana Norte y Oeste Map
ES6150020 Spain Arroyo del Alamillo Map
ES4110115 Spain Valle del Tiétar Map
ES4320074 Spain Rivera de Membrio Map
ES4110114 Spain Pinares del Bajo Alberche Map
ES6130006 Spain Guadalmellato Map
ES6180005 Spain Corredor Ecológico del Río Guadiamar Map
ES4320021 Spain Río Erjas Map
ES4250005 Spain Montes de Toledo Map
ES6180004 Spain Sierra de Alanís Map
ES6150004 Spain Lagunas de Palos y Las Madres Map
ES4320001 Spain Canchos de Ramiro Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (Lynx pardina)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Iberian lynx English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Iberijski ris Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Iberski ris Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Liberne Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lince ibérico Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Lince ibérico Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lince pardina Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lince-ibérico Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lynx pardelle French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pantergaupe Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Panterlo Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pantteri-ilves Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pardel lynx English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pardellos Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pardelluchs German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pardellynx Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Párduchiúz Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pürenee ilves Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rys pardálový Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rys škvnitý Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Spaanse lyns Dutch EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Spánargaupa Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Lynx pardella Miller, 1910
Lynx pardellus Miller, 1912
Lynx pardina (Temminck, 1827)
Felis pardina Temminck, 1824
Felis lynx pardina Temminck, 1824

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

3 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2013-09-18 Portugal Relatorio nacional sobre a implementacao da Directiva Habitats 2013 PT_species_reports.xml
2013-09-11 Spain Habitats Directive: Report Art.17 2007-2012 ES_species_reports
2008-07-07 Spain Spain's delivery of 3 July Lynx pardinus
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100