Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Cetartiodactyla > Family: Balaenopteridae > Genus: Megaptera > Species: Megaptera novaeangliae

Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Marine Atlantic - Unknown
Marine Macaronesian - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Marine Mediterranean - Unknown
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 6 other international agreements
Most preferred habitats
  • coastal
  • open ocean
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code 1345


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive) (All species of Cetacea)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (Megaptera longimana; Megaptera nodosa)
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention)
Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (ACCOBAMS)

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)
Barcelona Convention Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Knølhval Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Synonym Author
Megaptera novaeengliae (Borowski, 1781)
Balaena novaeangliae Borowski, 1781
Megaptera nodosa Bonnaterre, 1789
Megaptera indica Gervais, 1883
Balaena boops Fabricius, 1780
Balena longimana Rudolphi, 1832

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

18 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Lorraine
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files PACA
2015-11-19 United Kingdom Directive 92/43/EEC: Derogations under Article 16: Report by the UK for 2013-4 NE Artcile 16 report
2015-07-31 Greece Habitats Directive Article 17 29_12_2014 submission GR GR_species_reports-15723-10453.xml
2014-11-14 Slovenia Derogations 2013 Derogations 2013
2013-12-04 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2013-11-20 Slovenia Report 2011-2012 derogations 2011 - 2012
2013-10-10 United Kingdom Habitats Directive Article 17 2013 2nd submission UK GB_species_reports-13925-15297.xml
2013-09-18 Portugal Relatorio nacional sobre a implementacao da Directiva Habitats 2013 PT_species_reports.xml
2013-09-18 France Rapport France 2013 FR_species_reports.xml
2013-09-11 Spain Habitats Directive: Report Art.17 2007-2012 ES_species_reports
2008-07-07 Spain Spain's delivery of 3 July Megaptera novaeangliae
2008-03-17 Netherlands NL Report HR 2007 Species questionnaire for Megaptera novaeangliae
2008-02-28 France rapport France Megaptera novaeangliae
2008-02-25 Portugal Relatório nacional sobre a implementação da Directiva Habitats Species questionnaire for Megaptera novaeangliae
2008-02-22 Greece Hellas Species questionnaire for Megaptera novaeangliae
2008-01-11 Ireland Habitats Directive Article 17 report Megaptera novaeangliae
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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