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Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Mustelidae > Genus: Mustela > Species: Mustela lutreola

European mink - Mustela lutreola (Linnaeus, 1761)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Critically Endangered (IUCN)
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 3 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 142 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • wetlands
May also occur in
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 1356


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000063 Spain Sierra de Alcarama y Valle del Alhama Map
ES0000064 Spain Peñas de Iregua, Leza y Jubera Map
ES0000065 Spain Peñas de Arnedillo. Peñalmonte y Peña Isasa Map
ES0000067 Spain Sierras de Demanda, Urbión, Cebollera y Cameros Map
ES0000126 Spain Roncesvalles-Selva de Irati Map
ES0000129 Spain Sierra de Artxuga, Zarikieta y Montes de Areta Map
ES0000133 Spain Laguna de Pitillas Map
ES0000134 Spain Embalse de las Cañas Map
ES0000135 Spain Estanca de los Dos Reinos Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES2110006 Spain Baia ibaia / Río Baia Map
ES2110010 Spain Zadorra ibaia / Río Zadorra Map
ES2110011 Spain Zadorraren sistemako urtegiak / Embalses del sistema del Zadorra Map
ES2110012 Spain Ihuda ibaia / Río Ihuda (Ayuda) Map
ES2110014 Spain Salburua Map
ES2110017 Spain Barrundia ibaia / Río Barrundia Map
ES2110018 Spain Arabako hegoaldeko mendilerroak / Sierras meridionales de Álava Map
ES2110019 Spain Izki Map
ES2110020 Spain Ega-Berron ibaia / Río Ega-Berron Map
ES2110023 Spain Arakil ibaia / Río Arakil Map
ES2120002 Spain Aizkorri-Aratz Map
ES2120005 Spain Oria Garaia / Alto Oria Map
ES2120011 Spain Aralar Map
ES2120012 Spain Araxes ibaia / Río Araxes Map
ES2120013 Spain Leitzaran ibaia / Río Leitzaran Map
ES2120015 Spain Urumea ibaia / Río Urumea Map
ES2120018 Spain Txingudi-Bidasoa Map
ES2130002 Spain Ordunte Map
ES2130006 Spain Urdaibaiko ibai sarea / Red fluvial de Urdaibai Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES2130010 Spain Lea ibaia / Río Lea Map
ES2130011 Spain Artibai ibaia / Río Artibai Map
ES2200012 Spain Río Salazar Map
ES2200014 Spain Río Bidasoa Map
ES2200015 Spain Regata de Orabidea y turbera de Arxuri Map
ES2200017 Spain Señorío de Bértiz Map
ES2200018 Spain Belate Map
ES2200019 Spain Monte Alduide Map
ES2200023 Spain Río Baztan y Regata Artesiaga Map
ES2200024 Spain Ríos Ega-Urederra Map
ES2200025 Spain Sistema fluvial de los ríos Irati, Urrobi y Erro Map
ES2200043 Spain Robledales de Ultzama y Basaburua Map
ES4120030 Spain Montes Obarenes Map
ES4120051 Spain Riberas del Zadorra Map
ES4120052 Spain Riberas del Ayuda Map
FR5200659 France Marais Poitevin Map
FR5400417 France Vallée du Né et ses principaux affluents Map
FR5400419 France Vallée de la Tude Map
FR5400422 France Landes de Touverac - Saint-Vallier Map
FR5400429 France Marais de Rochefort Map
FR5400430 France Vallée de la Charente (basse vallée) Map
FR5400431 France Marais de Brouage (et marais nord d'Oléron) Map
FR5400432 France Marais de la Seudre Map
FR5400437 France Landes de Montendre Map
FR5400438 France Marais et falaises des côteaux de Gironde Map
FR5400446 France Marais Poitevin Map
FR5400472 France Moyenne vallée de la Charente et Seugnes et Coran Map
FR5400473 France Vallée de l'Antenne Map
FR5402008 France Haute vallée de la Seugne en amont de pons et affluents Map
FR5402009 France Vallée de la Charente entre Angoulème et Cognac et ses principaux affluents (SOLOIRE, BOEME, ECHELLE) Map
FR5402010 France Vallées du Lary et du Palais Map
FR7200661 France Vallée de l'Isle de Périgueux à sa confluence avec la Dordogne Map
FR7200662 France Vallée de la Dronne de Brantôme à sa confluence avec l'Isle Map
FR7200663 France Vallée de la Nizonne Map
FR7200671 France Vallées de la Double Map
FR7200679 France Bassin d'Arcachon et Cap Ferret Map
FR7200680 France Marais du Bas Médoc Map
FR7200681 France Zones humides de l'arrière dune du littoral girondin Map
FR7200682 France Palus de Saint-Loubes et d'Izon Map
FR7200683 France Marais du Haut Médoc Map
FR7200684 France Marais de Braud-et-Saint-Louis et de Saint-Ciers-sur-Gironde Map
FR7200685 France Vallée et palus du Moron Map
FR7200686 France Marais du Bec d'Ambès Map
FR7200687 France Marais de Bruges, Blanquefort et Parampuyre Map
FR7200688 France Bocage humide de Cadaujac et Saint-Médard-d'Eyrans Map
FR7200690 France Réseau hydrographique de l'Engranne Map
FR7200691 France Vallée de l'Euille Map
FR7200692 France Réseau hydrographique du Dropt Map
FR7200693 France Vallée du Ciron Map
FR7200694 France Réseau hydrographique de la Bassanne Map
FR7200695 France Réseau hydrographique du Lisos Map
FR7200696 France Domaine départemental d'Hostens Map
FR7200697 France Boisements à chênes verts des dunes du littoral girondin Map
FR7200700 France La Garonne en Nouvelle-Aquitaine Map
FR7200711 France Dunes modernes du littoral landais de Mimizan Plage au Vieux-Boucau Map
FR7200714 France Zones humides de l'arrière dune des pays de Born et de Buch Map
FR7200715 France Zones humides de l'ancien étang de Lit-et-Mixe Map
FR7200716 France Zones humides de l'Étang de Léon Map
FR7200718 France Zones humides de Moliets, la Prade et Moisans Map
FR7200719 France Zones humides associées au marais d'Orx Map
FR7200720 France Barthes de l'Adour Map
FR7200721 France Vallées de la Grande et de la Petite Leyre Map
FR7200722 France Réseau hydrographique des affluents de la Midouze Map
FR7200723 France Champ de tir de Captieux Map
FR7200724 France L'Adour Map
FR7200727 France Tourbière de Mées Map
FR7200738 France L'Ourbise Map
FR7200739 France Vallée de l'Avance Map
FR7200741 France La Gélise Map
FR7200766 France Vallon du Clamondé Map
FR7200777 France Lac de Mouriscot Map
FR7200785 France La Nivelle (estuaire, barthes et cours d'eau) Map
FR7200786 France La Nive Map
FR7200787 France L'Ardanavy (cours d'eau) Map
FR7200789 France La Bidouze (cours d'eau) Map
FR7200797 France Réseau hydrographique du Gat Mort et du Saucats Map
FR7200798 France Site du Griffoul, confluence de l'Automne Map
FR7200801 France Réseau hydrographique du Brion Map
FR7200802 France Réseau hydrographique du Beuve Map
FR7200803 France Réseau hydrographique du Gestas Map
FR7200804 France Réseau hydrographique de la Pimpine Map
FR7200805 France Réseau hydrographique des Jalles de Saint-Médard et d'Eysines Map
FR7200806 France Réseau hydrographique du Midou et du Ludon Map
FR7300891 France Étangs d'Armagnac Map
ES2200029 Spain Sierra de Codés Map
ES2200035 Spain Tramos Bajos del Aragón y del Arga Map
ES4170116 Spain Sierras de Urbión y Cebollera Map
ES2300006 Spain Sotos y Riberas del Ebro Map
FR7200689 France Vallées de la Saye et du Meudon Map
ES2200013 Spain Río Areta Map
ES2200030 Spain Tramo medio del río Aragón Map
ES4120092 Spain Sierra de la Demanda Map
ES2110008 Spain Ebro ibaia / Río Ebro Map
ES2110005 Spain Omecillo-Tumecillo ibaia / Río Omecillo-Tumecillo Map
ES2200039 Spain Badina Escudera Map
ES2200037 Spain Bardenas Reales Map
ES4120059 Spain Riberas del Río Ebro y afluentes Map
ROSCI0065 Romania Delta Dunării Map
ES2430063 Spain RÍO ONSELLA Map
ES2200041 Spain Balsa del Pulguer Map
ES4170055 Spain Cigudosa-San Felices Map
ES4170144 Spain Riberas del Río Cidacos y afluentes Map
ES2200031 Spain Yesos de la Ribera Estellesa Map
ES4120095 Spain Montes de Miranda de Ebro y Ameyugo Map
ES4120075 Spain Riberas del Río Tirón y afluentes Map
ES2200040 Spain Río Ebro Map
ES2110021 Spain Guardiako aintzirak / Lagunas de Laguardia Map
ES2200033 Spain Laguna del Juncal Map
ES4120073 Spain Riberas del Río Oca y afluentes Map
FR7200737 France Le Boudouyssou Map
ES2110024 Spain Valderejo-Sobrón-Árcenako mendilerroa / Valderejo-Sobrón-Sierra de Árcena Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (Lutreola lutreola)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) This species or synonym as such is not listed in CITES, but whole Genus Lutra is concerned by Appendix II (Except the species included in Appendix I).

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Eiropas udele Latvian Latvian NRC
Europäeschen Nerz Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Európai nyérc Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Europäischer Nerz German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
European mink English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Europeisk mink Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Europska vidrica Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Evrópuminkur Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Flodilder Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Flodiller Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lutreola Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Naarits Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Nerts Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Norek evropský Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Norka europejska Polish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Norok európsky Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vatnavesla Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vesikko Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vidrica Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Visão-europeu Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vison d'Europe French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Visón europeo Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Visone d'Europa Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Visone europeo Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Lutra minor Erxleben, 1777
Lutreola lutreola

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100