Common seal - Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758
|Threat status Europe||Least Concern (IUCN)|
|EU conservation status by biogeographical region||Marine Atlantic - Poor|
|Marine Baltic - Bad|
|Marine Macaronesian - Unknown|
|Protected by||EU Habitats Directive and 4 other international agreements|
|Natura 2000 sites||147 are designated for this species|
|Most preferred habitats||
|May also occur in||
|Natura 2000 species code||1365|
Threat and conservation status
IUCN Red List status of threatened species
The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.
EU conservation status
Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.
Natura 2000 sites
Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites
Protected sitesPlease note the site map takes a while to display.
Mentioned in the following international legal instruments and agreements
Common names and synonyms
|CoL (accepted name)||Catalogue of Life|
|EoL||Encyclopedia of Life|
|Fauna Europaea||Fauna Europaea|
|GBIF||Global Biodiversity Information Facility|
|Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary|
|ITIS (Valid name)||Interagency Taxonomic Information System|
|NCBI||National Center for Biotechnology Information|
|PESI (Accepted)||Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure|
|WoRMS||World Register of Marine Species|
Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.