Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Rodentia > Family: Muridae > Genus: Rattus > Species: Rattus norvegicus

Brown rat - Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout, 1769)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • urban
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • heathland and shrub
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code 5815

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Least Concern


Not evaluated


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Brong rat Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Brown rat English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bruine rat Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Brun råtta Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Brun rotte Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Brúnrotta Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Brunrotte Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Far tal-Kampanja Maltese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Göçmen siçan Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Miu i murrme i kanaleve Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Potkan Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Potkan hnedý Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rändrott Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rat surmulot French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rata parda Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ratazana-castanha Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ratazana-de-água Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ratto delle chiaviche Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rotta Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Siva podgana Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Štakor selac Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vándorpatkány Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vandrerotte Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wanderratte German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Rattus decumanus (Pallas, 1779)
Rattus norvegicus decumanus (Pallas, 1779)
Mus norvegicus Berkenhout, 1769
Mus decumanus Pallas, 1779
Mus surmulottus Severinus, 1779
Mus caspius Oken, 1816
Mus hibernicus Thompson, 1837
Mus decumanoides Hodgson, 1841
Mus maniculatus Wagner, 1848
Mus caraco Pallas, 1779
Mus humiliatus Milne-Edwards, 1872
Mus griseipectus Milne-Edwards, 1872
Mus plumbeus Milne-Edwards, 1874

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Rattus norvegicus European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100