Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Artiodactyla > Family: Bovidae > Genus: Rupicapra > Species: Rupicapra rupicapra > See subspecies

Alpine chamois - Rupicapra rupicapra (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Good
Continental - Good
Mediterranean - Good
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 1 other international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • sparsely vegetated land
May also occur in
  • cropland
  • heathland and shrub
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 1369


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alpesi zerge Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Alpine chamois English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Camoscio Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Camurça Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Chamois French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Dhia e eger Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Divokoza Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gems Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gems Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gems Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gemsa Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gemse Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gemse German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gemse Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gemssi Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Kamoxx Maltese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Kamzík horský Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Kamzík vrchovský Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Kozica Polish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Mägikits Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Navadni gams Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rebeco alpino Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Tava-mägikits Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Capra rupicapra Linnaeus, 1758
Rupicapra hamulicornis Burnett, 1829
Rupicapra tragus Gray, 1843
Rupicapra capella Bonaparte, 1845
Capella rupicapra Blasius, 1857
Rupicapra europea Cornalia, 1870
Rupicapra dorcas Schulze, 1897

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100