Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Phocidae > Genus: Pagophilus > Species: Pagophilus groenlandicus

Harp seal - Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxeleben , 1777)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not Applicable (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Marine Atlantic - Unknown
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 1 other international agreement
Natura 2000 species code 2639


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Foca da Gronelândia Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Foca della Groenlandia Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Foca pía Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Foca-de-Groenlanda Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Foka grenlandzka Polish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grenlandes ronis Latvian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grenlandinis ruonis Lithuanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grenlandski tuljan Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grönland focu Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grönlandi fóka Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grönlandssäl Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grönlanninhylje Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grööni hüljes Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grønlandssel Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grønlandssæl Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Harp seal English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Phoque du Groenland French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sattelrobbe German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sedlasti tjulenj Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vöðuselur Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Zadelrob Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Phoca groenlandica Erxleben, 1777
Phoca semilunaris Boddaert, 1785
Phoca albicauda Desmarest, 1822
Phoca leucopla Thienemann, 1824
Phoca oceanica Lepechin, 1778
Phoca dorsata Pallas, 1811
Phoca albini Alessandrini, 1851

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100