Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Anguilliformes > Family: Anguillidae > Genus: Anguilla > Species: Anguilla anguilla

Common eel - Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Critically Endangered (IUCN)
Protected by 6 international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 4 are designated for this species
Natura 2000 species code 3019


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CY6000011 Cyprus LIMNI OROKLINIS Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)
Barcelona Convention Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol)
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic ("OSPAR Convention") (OSPAR Convention)
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention)
EC Regulation No 1100/2007 establishing measures for the recovery of the stock of European eel (The Eel Regulation)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Aal Dutch Fishbase
Aal German Fishbase
Ahlen German Fishbase
Ål Danish Fishbase
Ål Norwegian Fishbase
Ål Swedish Fishbase
Áll Icelandic Fishbase
An eascann Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Angèle French Fishbase
Anghila Romanian Fishbase
Angolna Hungarian Fishbase
Anguielo French Fishbase
Anguila Spanish Fishbase
Anguila europea Spanish Fishbase
Anguilla Italian Fishbase
Anguilla Spanish Fishbase
Anguilla catarrojina Spanish Fishbase
Anguilla europeana Romanian Fishbase
Anguilla fartona Spanish Fishbase
Anguilla maresa Spanish Fishbase
Anguilla martina Spanish Fishbase
Anguilla pastorenca Spanish Fishbase
Anguilla pugaron Spanish Fishbase
Anguille French Fishbase
Anguille argentée French Fishbase
Anguille d'Europe French Fishbase
Anguille jaune French Fishbase
Ankerias Finnish Fishbase
Blankaal German Fishbase
Bomarinque French Fishbase
Bouiron French Fishbase
Chéli Greek Fishbase
Civelle French Fishbase
Common eel English Fishbase
Coureuse French Fishbase
De la riviere French Fishbase
Eascann Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Eiró Portuguese Fishbase
Enguia Portuguese Fishbase
Enguia-europeia Portuguese Fishbase
Europaischer Aal German Fishbase
European eel English Fishbase
Europeisk ål Swedish Fishbase
Evropeiskiy ugor' Russian Fishbase
Flußaal German Fishbase
Gelbaal German Fishbase
Gemeiner Aal German Fishbase
Gemeiner Flubaal German Fishbase
Hel Romanian Fishbase
Jagula Macedonian Fishbase
Jegula Slovenian Fishbase
Jegulja Serbian Fishbase
Jegulja Slovenian Fishbase
Margignou French Fishbase
Ngjala Albanian Fishbase
Njala Albanian Fishbase
Ogor Romanian Fishbase
Paling Dutch Fishbase
Pibale French Fishbase
Pimperneau French Fishbase
Pougau French Fishbase
Pounchurote French Fishbase
Pounchuroto French Fishbase
Resso French Fishbase
Retschnoi ugor Russian Fishbase
Sallura Maltese Fishbase
Sili French Fishbase
Sing eel English Fishbase
Thaoundella French Fishbase
Thaudelo French Fishbase
Uhor rícní Czech Fishbase
Verniau French Fishbase
Weed eel English Fishbase
Wegorz Polish Fishbase
Wegorz europejski Polish Fishbase
Yilan baligi Turkish Fishbase
Yilan balyghi Turkish Fishbase
Zmiorca Bulgarian Fishbase
Zmiorka Bulgarian Fishbase
Synonym Author
Anguilla acutirrostris Risso, 1826
Anguilla aegyptiaca Kaup, 1856
Anguilla altirrostris Kaup, 1857
Anguilla ancidda Kaup, 1857
Anguilla bibroni Kaup, 1856
Anguilla brevirostris Cisternas, 1877
Anguilla cuvieri Kaup, 1856
Anguilla fluviatilis Anslijn, 1828
Anguilla hibernica Couch, 1865
Anguilla latirostris Risso, 1826
Anguilla marginata Kaup, 1857
Anguilla microptera Kaup, 1857
Anguilla migratoria Krøyer, 1849
Anguilla acutirostris Risso, 1826
Anguilla altirostris Kaup, 1857
Anguilla callensis Guichenot, 1850
Anguilla canariensis Valenciennes, 1843
Anguilla capitone Kaup, 1857
Anguilla cloacina Bonaparte, 1846
Anguilla eurystoma Heckel & Kner, 1858
Anguilla kieneri Kaup, 1856
Anguilla mediorostris Risso, 1826
Anguilla melanochir Kaup 1857
Anguilla morena Kaup, 1857
Anguilla nilotica Kaup, 1857
Anguilla oblongirostris Blanchard, 1866
Anguilla platycephala Kaup, 1856
Anguilla platyrhynchus Costa, 1850
Anguilla savignyi Kaup, 1856
Anguilla septembrina Bonaparte, 1846
Anguilla vulgaris Shaw, 1803
Muraena anguilla var. ornithorhyncha De la Pylaie 1835
Muraena platyura De la Pylaie 1835
Leptocephalus brevirostris Kaup, 1856
Muraena anguilla Linnaeus, 1758
Muraena oxyrhina Ekström, 1832
Muraena platyrhina Ekström 1832
Muraena macrocephala De la Pylaie, 1835
Muraena oxycephala De la Pylaie, 1835
Anguilla fluviatilis Heckel & Kner, 1858
Muraena anguilla maculata Chiereghini, 1872
Anguilla linnei Malm, 1877
Anguilla nilotica Heckel, 1846
Anguilla vulgaris ornithorhincha De la Pylaie, 1835
Anguilla vulgaris platyura De la Pylaie, 1835
Anguilla vulgaris marina Rafinesque, 1810
Anguilla vulgaris fluviatilis Rafinesque, 1810
Anguilla vulgaris lacustus Rafinesque, 1810
Anguilla anguilla ornithorhyncha De la Pylaie, 1835
Anguilla anguilla macrocephala De la Pylaie, 1835
Anguilla anguilla oxycephala De la Pylaie, 1835
Anguilla marina Nardo, 1860
Anguilla anguillia (Linnaeus, 1758)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100